Nevertheless, he also lauds Pollock’s genius in combining murals and drama as expressed by the use of Cubism, similar to that of Mexican muralists. After criticizing Pollock’s self-portrait, the critic then narrates the interesting and exciting journeys of Pollock into his life as an artist. Definitely, the mania that Pollock had on creating his work famous work Mural cannot be denied since he persevered day and night, relentlessly painting until he finished the work.The critic considers Pollock a rebel in expressing Abstract Art through his ( Pollock’s) extensive use of drippings that seem to be random but would converge later and produce a work of Art. In fact, Haber’s critic of Pollock’s works was satirical since asserted that his style was betweenImpressionism and Sunday Painting ( paragraph 3). Nevertheless, Haber salutes Pollock’s ability to scrawl which is an indicator of maturity in artists. The article also noted that this method of Pollock scared his future wife Lee Krasner.First, paint takes over its shallow space. It gets denser, a painting symmetry gets more obvious, and the technique gets varied and absorbing. A physicist has actually quantified the symmetry, not implausibly, with fractal geometry. When Pollock calls a painting Simmering Substance, one sees the heat but feels a refreshing cool.Despite these admirable comments of Haber, he still tries to psychoanalyze Pollock as he constantly inserts bits of the artist’s life in his article. Apparently, Pollock’s art is an expression of his grief and losses in life that can be attributed to his being an alcoholic. Similarly, Haber discussed the issue of depression by giving its operational definition according to the renowned psychologist and novelist Juliet Kristeva. It seems that Kristeva’s life has parallelism with Pollock’s. Haber then established the depression of Pollock and how it largely influenced his artworks.The article achieved abalance by citing the role of Lee Krasner in enhancing Pollock’s life as an artist. Aside from being a duty-bound wife struggling to cover his alcoholic husband, Haber relates that she was instrumental in introducing Pollock to Cubism. But the more refreshing part of the review was Haber’s analysis of how Pollock gained acceptance of the feminine side of art which is undoubtedly an influence of his wife.
Although he was an excellent song writer and poet, William concentrated on the construction and decoration of buildings. Red house (William and Jane’s home) As seen in his works and character, William Morris ‘approach is more vibrant colorful and rich in aesthetics. He is big on color, textures of fabric. As a result, his work is more welcoming and pleasant to the eye as it is sophisticated. WALTER GROPIUS He was born in Berlin in 1883 and is remembered as a ground breaking architect and designer as well as the founder of the Bauhaus. Having discontinued his architecture studies in Munich, he went ahead and practiced as a freelance architect who had particular interest and taste in glass walls that seemed almost weightless. Evidently, his style in design did without historism, ornaments and the use of symbolic features. His emphasis was based mainly on the functionality of basic geometric bodies. A sample of his work includes the Faguswerk and the Musterfabrik done in the early 1911. … This designer has always denied that it is in him to design instead. he says that his agenda is to establish the methodology of design COMPARISON AND CONTRAST Although the two designers emerged from different worlds, William was from England and Walter from Germany, the two had some similarities to them. Walter was more concerned with the fit of the final work and space thereby the symmetry and geometry of the design sand final product while William was concerned with colorful well manicured and aesthetically appealing designs. At the end of the day, both had the same goal, to provide satisfactory and unique products for their clients. William’s philosophy of ‘less is more ‘shows that he was more concerned with the look and the design of his work and the general appeal it would have at the end of its construction. On the other hand, Walter is more concerned, not with designing, but explaining and finding meaning in the methodology of the designs. His work is therefore more mathematically calculated as is seen in his keenness to handiwork and the fit of planes and the close supervision of the production process from the beginning to the end. According to location of their work (Architectural) Water’s work does not require a lot of land for the sitting of his buildings as opposed to William whose intricate designs are flashier and require space for their luxury to be seen. 2. Using two images from each style (total of 4 images form any of our texts), describe how you would evaluate the importance of De Stijl and Constructivism on the development of modern design. Answer De Stijl is a Dutch word for Style. Walter The philosophy of his style was based on functionalism with a severe and doctrinaire insistence on the
First, most of it is unorganized, uncalibrated, have uncontrolled illumination, image quality and resolution and is widely variable. In essence, coming up with a computer vision technique that can work with most of these images has proved to be a challenge for most researchers. Now how can researchers work with this huge resource. this paper proposes solution such as Image Based Rendering algorithm and Structure from Motion. While a few other researchers such as Brown and Lowe (Lowe 395) have used Structure from Motion to tackle the above problems, the technique used in this paper has several modifications. Structure from Motion is effective in 3D visualization and scene modeling and can operate on hundreds of images obtained from keyword queries (photo tourism). Through photo tourism, it is possible to reconstruct many world sites. In effect, an algorithm that can work effectively on internet photos can enable vital applications such as 3D visualization, communication/media sharing, and localization. Two recent breakthroughs in the field of computer vision namely Structure from Motion and Feature Matching will be the backbone of this paper. Through these techniques, it is possible to reconstruct buildings in 3D to offer virtual and interactive tours for internet users. You can also evaluate the current state of a building and identify degradation and areas that may require renovation or reconstruction. Further, we can come up with creations or display of any building of interest as long as we have its image. Sparse geometry and camera reconstruction The browsing and visualization components of this system requires exact information in regards to the orientation, relative location and inherent parameters like focal lengths for each photo in a collection and sparse three dimension scene geometry. The system also requires a geo-referenced coordinate frame. For the most part, this information can be obtained through electronic components and Global Positioning System gadgets over the internet. Image files in EXIF tags often have this data though the vast majority of these sources are mostly inaccurate. As such, this system will compute this data via computer vision techniques. First, we will detect feature points in every image after which the system will equate feature points between pairs of images. Finally, the system will run an iterative Structure from Motion procedure to retrieve the camera parameters. Since Structure from Motion procedure will only produce estimates and our system requires absolute values, the system will run iterative procedure to acquire better estimates. How this whole procedure unfolds is detailed below. Detecting feature points will be done using SIFT keypoint detector (Lowe 411). This technique has better invariance to image alteration. The next step is matching keypoint descriptors using the approximate bordering neighbors. For instance, if we want to match two images I and J, first we will create a kd-tree obtained from element descriptors in J. Next, for each element in I we will locate an adjacent neighbor in J using the kd-tree. For effectiveness, we can use ANN’s priority search algorithm. This technique limits each query to visit a maximum of two hundred bins in the kd-tree. Alternatively, we can use a technique described by Lowe (Lowe 95). In the technique, for each
The mosque was built as an attribution to the late King Faisal of Saudi Arabia. Its symbolism was based on the fact that it was to portray the hopes and aspiration of Pakistani people (Archnet Digital Library, Faisal Mosque). According to Serageldin, the Muslim culture values the symbolic portray of the architectural building. Some of the most important symbolic structures in Muslim architecture include the minaret, dome, gateway and mihrab. These parts communicate a message to everybody, Muslims or non-Muslims. Vedat Dalokay implemented this symbolic meaning into the Faisal Mosque and, that is why it has become a landmark. According to Mandour, Islamic culture includes art, design, education, science, religion and sport, which has a specific meaning. The design architecture by Vedat Dalokay symbolized and implemented art, beliefs, values and customs in the Pakistani people. The architecture of the mosque was based on a new design that was not related to the usual and traditional mosques that had been previously built. As a tribute to King Faisal, it was to have a unique architecture and that was why Vedat Dalokay was chosen to make it a state of the art construction. Some of its characteristics were that it was looking like a desert tent where its height was approximately 40 m, and it had girders that supported its concrete walls. The surface was pure white, and its interior design was decorated with mosaic designs and a Turkish chandelier that was strategically placed by its architect, Vedat Dalokay. Its space was big to accommodate a total of 10,000 worshippers in the main prayer hall, and it had four minarets, each measuring approximately 90 m, and they were slender and sharply pointed. Lastly, it was a people’s mosque, meaning it was a contribution to the people of Pakistan by King Faisal, and thus it also accommodated the mausoleum of General Zia-ul-Haq, who was the President of Pakistan from 1978 to 1988 (Archnet Digital Library, Faisal Mosque). Thesis Architecture is one of the most prestigious arts that can be portrayed in form of a structure. The King Faisal Mosque is one of the best-designed mosques in Pakistan and in the world. This research paper will seek to analyze the architecture of the Faisal Mosque, its symbolism, the color of the mosque and its design and some of the quotes from the founding architect Vedat Dalokay. The paper will also seek to discuss the possible symbolism of the mosque and its historical and cultural concept. Analysis of the design Dalokay was a great architect whose designs were based on the 20th century designs. The mosque’s architecture is modern and unique. The mosque was also constructed with the twist of Turkish design as well as Islamic designs. The modern mosque lacked the traditional dome shapes design, as compared to other mosques that are located in the world. The traditional shapes for the olden mosques were related to the historical religious designs that were dated back then to the olden days of the Islamic culture. The mosque’s design also includes a triangular prayer hall that can hold up to 10,000 people, and in addition to that, it has four minarets that depict the classical shapes of modern architecture. The minarets are also said to have been designed with regard to the Turkish tradition because they are sharp-pointed. It has an eight-sided shape, which was inspired by the famous desert Beduoin’s tent and the cubic Kaaba in Mecca and whose architect was Vedat Dalokay, according to Rengel. Speaking to students, the architect, Vedat Dalokay later explained his acute and unique architectural design to design school students commenting that: I tried to capture the spirit, proportion and geometry of Ka’aba in a purely abstract manner. Imagine
Peter’s Basilica. This paper seeks to compare and contrast the two buildings looking at joints, connections and member sizes. Bespoke Design against Woodhouse Barn Homes The construction of Tamedia office building used metallic screws to join pieces of wood. These metallic screws come in various sizes depending, on the joint to be connected. This method of joining pieces of wood has been hailed for providing strength to the building. The building hosts over 480 employees. The old St. Peter’s Basilica remains one of the most significant buildings of the renaissance. The building became a Centre for religious activities considering its strategic location (Bolgia et al, 2011). The building got constructed by Donato Bramante and Carlo Maderno. During its construction, strength and stiffness models got developed with a view to creating methods that will later be used by engineers in construction. Mortice and tenon geometry could be adopted from a reference face. Joints could be then made by use of sticking glue. This made most of the buildings constructed to lack durability as they glue would become weak with time. Construction of St. Peter’s Basilica further used test failures, which could be employed as an approach of examining the strength and stiffness of the proposed building. The resin got used to freeze connections. The church got constructed in such a way that it could hold up to 3000 worshippers at any time. One outstanding difference between the two buildings is the main objective of each of the buildings. The main objective of the old St. Peter’s basilica can be seen to have been durability and capacity. The building could hold a large number of worshippers and had structures that guaranteed its durability. The construction of the Tamedia office building, on the other hand, had an objective of ensuring that while the building remained strong in the long run, the building retains the aspect of modernity and class. The building possesses a Japanese craftsmanship. The glazed volume of the building gets topped by a mansard roof. Another aspect that differentiates the two buildings is the wood used to construct each of the buildings. The old St. Peter used hardwood timber in its construction (Bolgia et al, 2011). Hardwood was the common timber as compared to softwood. Traditional preservatives could be added to the timber to ensure the durability of the building. The Tameda building, on the other hand, used softwood that could be purposely grown for building construction. One advantage that came with the use of softwood is its flexibility. Unlike hardwood, softwood could be used to make varying construction models. Contrary to most buildings of the renaissance, the old St. Peter, applied was a daring construction that favored extra-thick walls. This was unlike the basic concepts of engineering. Windows in the outer section of the aisles filtered light into the building although the main source of lighting to in the building came from the nave clerestory (Sobocinski et al, 2005). A total of eleven windows could be aligned with a pattern of interchanging intercolumniation. The construction of the ceiling and the roof, however, still remains unclear. Several texts have been found that seek to explain how the roof and the ceiling got constructed. One term used by most of these texts is lacunars which get used to refer to a coffered ceiling. The Tamedia building, on the
Eigen value measures potency of axis, quantity of deviation down an axis, and preferably the significance of environmental incline. Eventual accurate implications depend on ordination technique employed. Eigen analysis methods include RDA, DCA, CCA, PCA, and DCCA. Added Eigen values are comparable to greatest variation or correspondence distinctively related with the models. By means of gathering, Eigen values are further divided into constituent roots allocated to every eigenvector. Summation of all components Eigen values equals the computation of the outline of the origin covariance matrix. The number of scores of optimistic constituent of latent values of correlation matrix is directly proportional to the autonomous dimensions of deviation in the same data. Measured variables are equivalent to the positive latent values. Regular matrices that entail covariance and correlation matrices constantly create real number of latent values while non-symmetric matrices produce complex-number latent values. Latent values may be thought as ellipsoid model due to set of invariable scalars coupled with the Eigen vector while showing the quantity of variation represented in combining with the initial dimensions. Latent values are the measurement lengthwise of the ellipsoid model’s main and trivial axes (Ramamurty 58-61). Eigen has a number of advantages ranging from its quick capability, versatility, elegance, reliability, and good complier support. Eigen allows for explicit factorization with polished contingency to non-factorized code and totally optimizes fixed-sized matrices by avoiding dynamic memory allocation unrolling loops when possible. In addition, Eigen is meticulously accessed via its own analysis set algorithms are cautiously chosen for consistency purposes by evidently documenting reliability substitutions. Eigen further supports every matrix magnitude such as sparse, huge intense, and small sized matrices in addition to all standard numeric types such as standard composite, integers and easily extensible numeric types. Ability of Eigen to support various functions also extends to capability of carrying out matrix disintegration and geometry characteristics. Additionally, Eigen is very elegant thus making it easy to implement an algorithm on it and has incredibly a good complier support that guarantees its reliability around any complier bugs at a sensible compilation times (Ramamurty 176). Disintegration of a covariance, correlation matrix into Eigen vectors and Eigen values has hugely assisted in many aspects of life as it is applied in the daily life situations. For instance, Eigen analysis is used in buckling analysis by setting buckling mode shape in the process called classical Euler buckling analysis. This is done by predicting the hypothetical crumpling power of an ultimate expandable formation. It calculates the Eigen values of makeup by considering the structure’s loading and restraints. Buckling weights of numerous arrangements are enthusiastically accessible from solutions put in charts. In addition, mechanical engineers use nonlinear buckling analysis in foretelling thus permitting the modeling geometric deficiency, loads perturbations, material nonlinearity, and gap to initiate desired buckling mode. Eigenvectors and their matrices ensure venture in structure
Further, Blaise Pascal studied the science of fluids as well as did his bit at clarifying and laying a new platform for the concepts related with pressure and vacuum which was laid on the works done by Evangelista Torricelli. However, what made his claim to fame was the work that he did in the field of mathematics. He brought forward a couple of novel research mechanisms for mathematics that were hailed all around. His work on projective geometry and the probability theory are the most notable ones. These works, later on, formed the eventual basis for the development and application of modern-day economics and social sciences. Probability is the likelihood or the sheer chance that something might happen or arise at a future stage and thus the basis of the Probability theory is based on the same footings. This theory is made use of vastly in mathematics, statistics, sciences and even philosophy. Some probability functions of note are the following:Blaise Pascal’s early age comprised of devoting his own self towards studies in a whole-hearted fashion. He lost his mother when he was only three years old. His father was a judge at the local courts and also a member of the noblesse de robe. His interest in science and mathematics was genetically transferred to his son – Blaise Pascal. He was in a family of 5, two of which were his parents and two siblings – Jacqueline and Gilberte. His father dedicated his time towards Blaise Pascal’s teaching since he showed immense intellectual abilities within his personality and this proved to be a strong facet of the son’s character which his father had discerned at an early age. Blaise Pascal was particularly strong at his skills related to mathematics and science. It was at the tender age of 11 years that Blaise Pascal ventured into composing a short treatise linked with the sounds of the vibrating bodies but his father forbade him to study the same any further since he feared that his understanding of Latin and Greek might be affected.
Additionally, this designing methodology will offer the General Electric Business to incorporate system modeling such as an inherent part of the overall method. In this scenario, this methodology defines a set of models, a procedure intended for deriving these rules and models as well as strategy that should apply to the models (Pressman, 2001. Sommerville, 2004). Furthermore, for developing the new technology for the General Electric Corporation we will use the CASE tools that will support system modeling as a part of a structured technique.Building and implementing the information system modeling cover spatial associations, geometry. light analysis, geographic information, quantities, and properties of structuring components (intended for instance manufacturers details). Additionally, the information system modeling could be employed to show the entire building life cycle, comprising the procedures of development as well as facility operation. Also, the shared quantities and properties of materials could be extracted easily. In addition, the scope of work could be isolated as well as defined clearly. Furthermore, the systems, sequences, and assemblies could be shown in a relative scale through the whole facility or group of facilities (Kutenk, 2009).New technology development and execution for General Electric Business could involve a range of tools and technologies. And, we can develop the system using those tools and technologies. For instance, in this case we can use the C# language for the development of the system. Additionally, for the back-end database development we can use the SQL Server 2008. Since, these two programming tools provide a lot of facilities regarding business information system development and implementation.For developing the new technology based system for the General Electric Business we can use the spiral system development. Since, this development methodology is very helpful in
The Idea of the Dramatic and Theatrical in the Work of Bernini As one of the leading figures in Baroque architecture, Gian Lorenzo Bernini managed to explore the essence both of solitary craftsmanship and combined efforts in resourceful level of artistry where he delegated tasks to students and contemporaries in order to provide the Baroque style with theatrical balance in theme. By the time the Baroque period realized the indispensable aspect of perceiving a human body in action, in the early 17th century, Bernini took the challenge of reinventing the nude and static David of the Renaissance into a version filled with dynamism. Besides the traditional pose intended to be examined of mere external traits, his work extends to be judged at spatial encounter outside of confines embedded on the surface of the structure alone. Apparently, Bernini’s main concern was with surface and texture and with the conveyance of movement. This objective is further reflected in the creations of The Ecstasy of St. Teresa and the Throne of St. Peter whereby the former is sculpted in such fashion as to portray the most significant event in the life of St. Teresa. The marble sculpture specifically depicts her in a state of spiritual rapture when pierced to heart by an angel’s fiery spear. Through her autobiography, St. Teresa confesses that the pain she felt at the moment was overly intense that it caused her instead to be overcome with delight and relish sweetness in place of the excruciating strikes. Bernini grants this justice in rendering the structure to be chiseled off into the most refined detail from which to imagine a height of enlightenment possibly reached by St. Teresa as well as the look of solemnity sprawled across her face in a position that indicates utter removal of consciousness about the physical world. As a scholarly work, The Ecstasy of St. Teresa may be observed to have signified the artist’s regard for an intellectual approach in which spirituality is deeply valued. Bernini could not afford to neglect this aspect as well in The Throne of St. Peter in St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. He is known to have utilized a mixture of gilded bronze, gold, wood, and stained glass in this prominent object believed to have been sat on by St. Peter himself.(1) Discuss the influence of Caravaggio on artists such as Georges de la Tour, Rembrandt, Franz Hals, and George de la Tour. As a master of radical naturalism, Caravaggio is found to have greatly influenced the Baroque paintings with a unique sense of physical and emotional realism under dramatic technique with lighting which also amply manifests in the style of Georges de La Tour. Since the concept of radical naturalism acknowledges strategic presentation of nature in the field of art, Caravaggio’s pieces have gone beyond the basic effects of poignant themes such as torture, decapitation, severe illness, death, and hints of religious controversies especially those occurring in biblical times. Though La Tour made use of nocturnal effects of lighting, his creations build on a separate dimension that lacks dramatic elements which distinguish his naturalist identity from that of Caravaggio and such difference can be verified with La Tour’s Dice-Players and The Hurdy-Gurdy Player which, by meticulous geometry, exhibit much stillness than mobility. Rembrandt, likewise, resembles Caravaggio in his endeavor with chiaroscuro wherein elements of light and shadow are strategized theatrically to achieve a sensational result around the thematic subjects as in his The Abduction of Europa and Self Portrait in addition to the etchings for which the chief part of his career was focused. On the contrary, even if the paintings of Frans Hals may be identified from a Baroque perspective, his way with brushstrokes are less characteristic of Caravaggio’s main principle out of which Hals only derived a portion of radical naturalism in application for instance to his Gypsy Girl and Malle Babbe.Works CitedGian Lorenzo Bernini (1598 – 1680). Encyclopedia of Art. 2012. Web. 10 Apr 2012. http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/sculpture/bernini-giovanni.htm.The Ecstasy of St. Teresa. art through time – A GLOBAL VIEW. 2012. Web. 10 Apr 2012. http://www.learner.org/courses/globalart/work/98/index.html.Robwrite. Caravaggio: Master of Radical Naturalism. HubPages. 2012. Web. 12 Apr 2012. http://robwrite.hubpages.com/hub/Caravaggio-Master-of-Radical-Naturalism.
The word actually means rebirth and refers to the tremendous artistic renewal of this period that happened as people rediscovered the skill and knowledge of the ancient worlds of Greece and Rome. These early empires represented to the 14th through the 16th-century citizens a golden age of shared culture, reason and creativity. However, the artistic focus of the Renaissance took a different approach to expression from that of their predecessors. It was because of the lessons learned from the ancients that many of the technical developments in portraying realistic images emerged during this period through the efforts of a variety of famous artists including Giotto, Masaccio, Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael. In order to fully understand the artistic revival in painting that took place during this time period, I feel it is necessary to understand the developments each of these artists contributed to the world of art in general and why the ancient world was of particular importance to them. Artists in Florence were able to quickly link the mathematical knowledge of the ancient Greeks and Romans to the proportional focus of their own world. These mathematical terms were a common factor between the makeup of great works of art as well as providing a means of immediately communicating an understanding of balance and structure to their audience, who were also highly mathematically inclined. In an age of non-standard shipping units, one had to be able to calculate contents and quantities of shipments fairly rapidly.2 Painters used their foundational knowledge in geometry to create familiar elements in their paintings that would convey their intentions to the greatest possible audience. In the same way that a painter could reduce the human form or settings to a play of geometrical figures, so could the merchant simplify all things to geometrical configurations.