Retail Location Planning A Strategic Imperative for the 21st Century Retailer

Within the process of providing a given good or service to the consumer, it is necessary for the service or product provider to determine how they will integrate and provide the service/product to the end consumer. Delineation of the product and an effective strategy of advertisement is in and of itself an incomplete business model. Accordingly, determining a location and a means through which the commerce of business will physically take place, is a determinant reality of how such decisions have changed over the years. As a function of such a level of understanding, the following analysis will seek to trace some of the ways in which location selection is currently defined and the means through which theory and applicable history can be used as a means of differentiating and defining the decisions that help to formulate this process. It is the hope of this author that such a level of discussion will facilitate a further understanding with regards to the ever-evolving nature of location decision-making and the necessity of any business entity/firm that engages in it to be receptive to the realities of the community, demographic, and/or changing technological demands of the world around. From a review of the literature, it can be definitively stated that one of the historical models through which site selection and the business location was delineated was something of a “one size fits all” approach. This is a one-dimensional approach was ultimately proven to be ineffective. One need look no further than the litany of different department stores, shuttered around the region, to come to an understanding that an effective level of site and location analysis/research was not performed prior to investing money in expanding to a given location. Ultimately, shifts in the market can also be responsible for changes in the business climate. however, most of these shifts in the business environment take a rather long period of time to be manifested in the actual bottom line of a given entity (Weber Chapman, 2011). Comparatively, a failure to effectively engage and analyze the trends, and nuanced demographics that exist within a given region, and retroactively compare this to the specific product offering or service offering that the firm/business entity is able to provide, is one of the reasons for why so many of these entities around the globe have closed offices dotting the landscape. A time of economic access allowed these entities to be liberal with regards to the number of funding allocations for new branches. Another factor that must be realized to have a powerful impact with regards to the way in which site selection and location of business enterprise is affected is with regards to the means through which technology has been shifting the determinants of what is provided to whom and when. One need look no further than the way in which firms such as eBay and Amazon have completely and utterly redefined the retail market that you realize that the prior model of site location is ultimately no longer useful (Torres-Soto Uster, 2011). Instead, understanding the realities of the way in which technology is constantly shifting is one of the first and foremost methods of selecting a suitable location.

Electing Women in Ontario

Federally, women became eligible to vote on the 24th of May, 1918, “and in 1929 Canadian women were legally declared "persons" and were granted the right to become members of the Senate.” ( Since then, many Canadian women have been participating in the electoral process and affairs of state.Women only won the right to vote gradually in Canada and remain underrepresented in Parliament as well as in provincial legislatures. The first federal election in which women were able to vote and run as candidates was 1921. In that election, four women ran for office and Agnes Campbell MacPhail (1890-1954) made history as the first woman elected to the Canadian House of Commons. Between 1921 and 2006, 3402 women candidates stood in the 39 general elections and won on 426 occasions. ( McCallion was first elected to the office of Mayor of Mississauga, Ontario in November 1978, and she is the longest-serving Mayor in the city’s history. On the 11th of November 2003, Hazel McCallion started her 10th term as Mayor of Mississauga, Ontario.She was acclaimed in 1980, re-elected in 1982 and 1985, acclaimed again in 1988 and re-elected in 1991, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2003 and 2006. The Mayor was runner-up in World Mayor 2005. Mayor McCallion was born in Port-Daniel on the Gaspe Coast of Quebec and educated in Quebec City and Montreal. She then began a career with Canadian Kellogg, and remained with the company for 19 years. In 1967 she decided to leave the corporate world and devote her career to politics. She was elected Chairman of the Streetsville Planning Board that year, and again in 1968. Later that same year, she became Deputy Reeve of Streetsville. She was later appointed Reeve, and then elected Mayor of Streetsville in 1970, serving until December 1973. When the Region of Peel was established in 1974, Ms. McCallion was elected to the Mississauga and Peel Regional Councils.

Legacy of Chiles Dictatorship on Contemporary Chilean Society

The legacy of Chilean dictatorship under the military regime of Augusto Pinochet during 1973-1990 clearly asserted the fact that dictatorship is a socio-politico-economic evil and it can germinate in any society, at any point of time unless people learn to respect rights, the value of life and liberty of their fellow human beings.The dictatorial reign of Augusto Pinochet from 1973 to 1990 is characterized by typical dictatorial traits of governance. Starting from 11th September 1973 to 11th March 1990, almost for a period of sixteen and a half years, Chile witnessed abundant abuse of human rights, murder, torture on women and genocide (Barros 1). The transition of the Chilean system of governance from autocracy to democracy was surely a remarkable incident in the domain of political history of the nation. However, the effect of Pinochet’s sixteen and half years of the dictatorial reign was quite far-fetching different dimensions of socio-cultural existence of Chile clearly bear evidence of the experience that people of this country encountered during the reign of dictatorship.The shift of Chilean governance from democratic to the autocratic structure is not an isolated process. rather there are several associated aspects that played helped in the germination of autocratic rule. Internal political turmoil, increasing demand for the reformation of the existing structure and democratic government’s failure to satisfy the needs of people, the dependence of Chilean government on the United States to initiate the reformation process and Cold War are the most important issues that finally led to the collapse of democratic structure. In this context, receiving an overview of the political situation of the nation from 1958 to 1973 becomes important. During this phase demand for reformation was creating pressure on the contemporary Alessandri government, which did not have sufficient financial capacity to execute reform policies and automatically had to depend on the United States financial assistance tomaterialize the plan.

Definition Symptoms and Interventions for PostTraumatic Stress Disorder

This paper was able to establish that PTSD is characterized by previous exposure to a traumatic event that produces intrusive recollections, avoidant symptoms, and hyper-arousal symptoms. This disorder is treated through psychotherapy, serotonergic drugs, and through cognitive therapy. Patients suffering from the disease have recurring nightmares involving their traumatic experience, they also become easily agitated, and tend to withdraw themselves from their families and from the rest of society. NBA referee Bob Delaney and war veterans James Miller and Joseph Dwyer are just some of the few who have suffered or are suffering from this disease. Hopefully, this paper will put a sharper and clearer focus on this disorder and its crippling effects on many war veterans and victims of trauma.The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM IV) defines post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) based on several diagnostic criteria. It is characterized by a history of exposure to a traumatic event that meets two symptoms from each of the three symptom clusters, which are: intrusive recollections, avoidant/numbing symptoms, and hyper-arousal symptoms. The first criterion of the illness speaks of a traumatic event that involved “actual or threatened death or serious injury, physical injury to oneself or others” (American Psychiatric Association, 2000).The American Psychiatric Association (2000) discusses that according to the DSM IV criteria, the second criterion of PTSD involves disturbing recollections whereby the traumatic event is persistently re-experienced through persistent images, thoughts, or dreams. The APA also describes that often, there is a feeling of the traumatic event recurring through illusions, hallucinations, and dissociative feedbacks. Internal and external reminders of the traumatic event often cause extreme psychological distress. The DSM IV describes the third criterion as the persistent numbing or avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma.

Women’s Movements in the Maritimes up to WWI

It was considered to be a man’s prerogative, to venture forth and face nature, while women stayed at home, looking after the family and house. With the passage of time, changes in society slowly brought about a marked makeover from this home and hearth portrait of women and hence towards the middle of the nineteenth century, we see women taking a more active role in maritime affairs. Records show that some enterprising women set up their own shipping companies2, while others looked after the business in the absence of their husbands or fathers. (Journal for Maritime Research May 2006)A study of maritime history, which incorporates the cultural and social aspects, gives us a startling picture of women and their role in maritime societies. Earlier studies of maritime societies mentioned women as incidental to the events or depicted only those who were exceptional in some way or the other, but all this has changed and efforts are being made to pull women out of the woodwork. One of the most important studies which brought the lives of maritime women into the limelight is Lisa Norling’s brilliant study entitled “Captain Ahab Had A Wife”. (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.)While the term maritime women refer to the female seamen, it is also identified for the wives of men who go out to sea. The role of a seaman’s wife is absolutely different from that of an ordinary housewife. A seaman’s wife has to cope with long absences and short, intense visits in which the daily routine of her life has to be remodeled around the expectations and needs of her husbands. These women are engaged in a constant trade-off of their independence, which becomes cyclical, and dependent upon the husband’s stay, which in turn is dictated by the vagaries of the sea. It is a general conception, that wives of seamen are more independent by nature, “no-nonsense women.”

A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway

The horrors and the barbarism!The pages of human history daubed in bloodshed related to wars and violence ask the crying question. How to make this Planet Earth heaven-like and create a fountain of love in human hearts? The answer is simple and straightforward. Eyes full of understanding and the life that refuses conflicts-enough these alone are enough! Most of the Hemingway characters in the novel, who have firsthand experiences of the war-front have come to this conclusion. Barrel of the gun can not bring world peace, nor contribute to human happiness. This is an anti-war novel in the real sense. The book is the gist of real-life experiences of Hemingway, believable and highly readable!A youngster joins the army with high-flown idealism. He has read the great success stories, adventures and knows about the medallions won by the starred generals, the euphoria and hype in the media about war, the name and fame, etc. But an ordinary soldier realizes the actual state of affairs when he is fighting the war in the rough terrains, digging the mud, in acute conditions. After-all, a soldier is a human being. “Farewell to Arms” is basically a love story that details the relationship between Frederic Henry and Catherine Barkley. Frederic describes his first intimation and his feelings for Catherine Barkley are more significant than he has previously felt for women. He states, "I had treated seeing Catherine very lightly, I had gotten somewhat drunk and had nearly forgotten to come but when I could not see her there I was feeling lonely and hollow." (41) The love between the two was instant and imminent. Hemingway describes it thus when Frederic and Catherine are reunited in Milan. "When I saw her I was in love with her. Everything turned over inside of me. She looked toward the door, saw there was no one, then she sat on the side of the bed and leaned over and kissed me. I pulled her down and kissed her and felt her heart beating." (91)

Influence of Advertising Magazines on Young Women Self Esteem

While going through the pages of a woman’s magazines, whether it is Vogue or Women’s Day or Good Housekeeping, or McCalls, one can easily see long articles emphasizing the need and ways to lose weight in order to have a great life. The research paper’s purpose is to review fashion magazines for advertising and portraying extremely thin women to support products and therefore creating unrealistic expectations for young women. This frequent and excessive portrayal of ultra-thin women leads to a number of unhealthy and fatal emotional and biological impacts on female readers. The impact of these a magazine on the self-esteem of young women, as they compare their body shapes with the “perfect” ones of models, seriously needs to be denounced. The myth about beauty will be broken by revealing the real benefits media enjoy by impacting the values of women. The paper also focuses on identifying ways through which this insecurity can be prevented or remedied (Cohan, 2003).The portrayal of women as a marketing object has a long history in media but the trend of extremely thin models is not very old. Earlier, the idea of female beauty was closely linked to her realistically voluptuous body. In the early 20th century, the culture of fashion underwent a shift from the chubby female figure to a thinner fragile look. However, this thinner new female ideal was not really misleading and made women think about taking care of their health. This description of female figures initially created a healthy trend in common people as they started to incorporate sports activities in their free time to make their bodies healthier and more active.During the mid 20th century, the ideal female body image became thinner (someone like Marilyn Monroe who was a size 14 was considerably overweight as compared with today’s standards). After initial acceptance of this idea, the trend went on following the notion, “the thinner the better”. Unfortunately, with the passage of time, these underweight models became the representatives of female beauty.

Application of the Frontier Myth

The account where he said that it was the gold strikes in the popular press which had supported the significant expansion of the mining frontier and provoked mining stampedes during the period of 1860s and 1870s. In American history one can find two ‘Wests’ – one is considered to be the real West in which farmers, ranchers, miners and prostitutes, criminals, etc pursued their happiness and the second one is called the legendary West that took deep root in the imagination of American people. If one looks at the Western novels or cowboy novels, one would find that the west had been portrayed as a barren landscape but at the same time as a romanticized idealistic way of living. (Nichols, 1-20. Boyer,, 533-536) Going by the traditional definition, we may trace the concept of frontier changing overtime where it is no longer a distinct demarcation but the differences get overlapped and the literal meaning of ‘frontier’ becomes faded.The frontier hypothesis is considered to be the most controversial concept used in interpreting American history. Frederick Jackson Turner advanced this hypothesis in the year of 1893 – “Turners central contention was that "the existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development." (Reuben) This concept was introduced as one of the means of explaining the unique features of the civilization of America. This hypothesis, which stated frontier as “the meeting point between savagery and civilization" (Reuben) was warmly welcomed during that period and enthusiastically applied until the 1930s. During the 1930s, this hypothesis had to face a lot of criticism by a group of younger scholars. However, more recently a number of historians have extended their huge support to the thesis Turner. The historians have stated the thesis in somewhat modified form, and then it is again being considered to be an essential tool for an understand­ing of the past.

The Aspects of African Textiles

Historians have adopted various means of putting the facts and figures of their time. The most important facet of the history in the context of the information that is preserved for the posterity and which is used to disseminate information regarding the people and place, constituting the cause and consequences that helped shape their lives. African cloths are one such medium of disseminating information regarding the socio-cultural value system of African people.African tribes have a distinct identity with unique traditions and cultures that have been passed on to the successive generations through the centuries. Their cultural identities have survived the tests of the time and recently their evolution has seen their inclusion and popularity in the so-called mainstream population of the whites of the developed nations like America and Europe. While written documents of history have been considered widely popular with the experts, other forms of maintaining the historical saga are equally important as they are capable of divulging all the relevant information of the time and place. The cloths of African people belonging to different tribes, residing at different places or independent states in the African sub-continent are vital historical documents that are still very much in vogue and are renowned for their distinct features that have a unique way of describing their culture and traditions. We would be studying the significance of the three types of popular clothes from different regions of Africa: Kuba cloths from Congo. Adinkra cloths from Ghana. and Kente cloths also from Ghana.Kuba tribe of the Kasai river region of the Democratic Republic of Congo, formerly known as Zaire, is renowned for its well defined political structure having a strong legal system that is not commonly found in other African states. Its cultural heritage is distinct in its creative output expressed through various mediums like pottery, sculpture in metal and ceramic and indigenous clothes and represents their traditions and values system.

Global Marketing Strategy of Buffalo Wild Wings

The most famous products of the organization are Buffalo wings and various sauces. The organization is popular all over the world as BW3 (Company history, n. d). Over the years, the organization has increased the variety of products with the introduction of more than a dozen unique dipping sauces which are served with the special Buffalo-style chicken wings. Besides specializing in the Buffalo wings, the restaurant chains have included various appetizers, burgers salads, desserts and refreshment in their menu (menus, n. d). More than 250 units of the restaurant are directly under the operation of the organization and the rest are operated by the franchisees (Franchise info, n. d).Reason for the primary choice of the markets of India, Japan, and China could be attributed to the fact that the markets are hugely diversified and the preference of the customers for the fast foods in this part of the world are always at an increasing rate. Another factor which has guided behind the selection of the organization is the fact that the economies in the market of three countries are much more stable among the Asian countries and the organization is expected to deliver its best in the region.Process for the selection of the chosen market: The process of screening of the international market is undertaken by the analysis of the internal and external environment of the potential markets and finally coming to a conclusion regarding the choice of the country. Below is the diagrammatic representation of the screening process Analysis of the market in China for international expansion Market Size: China is the most populous country in the world with a present population of nearly 1.341 billion. The vast population of china attracts business from all industries to invest in the Chinese market.