VentilatorAssociated Pneumonia and Nursing

The question that has been formulated and researched is: for patients, who are on mechanical ventilation, does the use of ventilator bundle, with an examination of critical care nurses’ knowledge on the ventilator bundle, an effective prevention technique for VAP? The paper discusses how EBP can be incorporated into practice and the leadership model was drawn up to implement and supervise EBP.Ventilator-associated pneumonia continues to be a major threat to patient safety. It is a huge challenge to critical care practitioners since it has become a leading cause of death among hospital-acquired infections. Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a type of hospital-acquired pneumonia that occurs with mechanically-ventilated patients. It has become one of the respiratory infections that have received a lot of attention by experts over the past years, and because of the high rate of mortality that it causes, studies have focused on preventative measures. However, despite the number of studies that have been conducted on VAP, the results of the studies vary widely. As a result, the knowledge of nurses about preventative measures also varied widely. The assessment of knowledge that critical care nurses had regarding preventative measures, particularly the use of ventilator bundles, is important since the better-informed the nurses are, the better their performance will be. Since the VAP is a leading cause of death in hospital-acquired infections, nurses must have awareness of the protocol and incorporate it into practice to reduce the chances of death in mechanically-ventilated patients due to respiratory infections.The problem arose in intensive care units, where patients receive critical care. It is the patients who are directly affected by the problem. however, it needs to be noted that if the mortality rate of the hospital is low, and proper measures are being taken to prevent thepatients from getting VAP, it would reflect positively on the practice of the nurses and the reputation of the hospital.

Relationship between Entrepreneurship Innovation and Economic Development

As technological change permeates our lives, it is essential for each individual to understand the forces underlying and unleashed by technological change in order to become better decision makers, managers, policy analysts, and researchers. As Braunerhjelm points out, economists have undoubtedly made considerable advances during the last decades in understanding the relationship between entrepreneurship, innovation, and growth, and have brought in more profound insights on how entrepreneurship, innovation, and growth are interrelated. According to him, the relationship between entrepreneurship, innovation, and economic development can be identified from its most immediate foundation in simple perception, common sense, and a clear economic observation that performance to convert proposals into economic opportunities lies at the very core of entrepreneurship (2). Entrepreneurship can be stated as the foundation of innovation and revolution, and as such stimulates the development in efficiency and profitable competitiveness. Knowledge and flexibility are the two significant factors that are closely linked with entrepreneurship and have been noticed for their importance as measures for achieving competitiveness in this rapidly developing globalized economy. In the same way, development and growth of upcoming entrepreneurship bring chances for a country’s development within an intensified global competition due to the phenomena like globalization and liberalization, and modern technological innovations. According to Pirich et al, most economic, psychological and sociological research focus on the fact that entrepreneurship is a process, and not just a stagnant phenomenon and it is more than just a mechanical economic factor. Moreover, entrepreneurship is associated with choice-related issues and has a wide range of functional roles which involves coordination, innovation, uncertainty-bearing, decision making resource allocation, capital supply, and ownership (14). Schumpeter holds the view that innovative entrepreneurs are the vehicles that can move the economy into development from a stagnant equilibrium, depending on the blending abilities of entrepreneurial individuals. In his opinion, “whatever the type, everyone is an entrepreneur only when he actually carries out new combinations and loses that character as soon as he has built up his business, when he settles down to running it as other people run their business” (Schumpeter, 78). Likewise, there has been a great deal of attention focused on studying various models of innovation throughout recent decades to identify the significance of innovation with various institutions. The Economist (1999) (as cited in Pirich, et al) reports that innovation has turned out to be the industrial religion of the late 20th century, where business considers it to be the key to increase profits and market share and Governments generally select it while trying to fix the economy. moreover, the rhetoric of innovation has substituted the post-war language of welfare economics (15). The entrepreneur takes the place of the most essential agent in almost all of the production, distribution, and growth theories. Entrepreneurship is the driving force of economic growth and this concept suits best with the long waves theory of Joseph Schumpeter.

The Assessment of Language and Communication

Considering language and communication, it seems all children are born with the ability to learn and learn quickly various methods of connecting with their caregivers and others. This type of communication is necessarily based on physical actions and tone of cry when the child is very small, but as they grow older, children begin to demonstrate that they understand gestures and the words of others even before they have voiced their first word. According to Gordon Wells (1986), the entire function of learning language and interacting socially is necessary in order to make connections with other people and help the individual make sense of their experiences. “Language occurs through an interaction among genes (which hold innate tendencies to communicate and be sociable), environment, and the child’s own thinking abilities” (Genishi, 2006). While some of this behavior can be attributed to the child’s natural imitation of the caregivers, there remain aspects to the way language and communication development that haven’t yet been sufficiently explained. Some activities that children and their parents may engage in that might help foster language and communication development will be discussed along with other factors that may contribute to development. Common mistakes shared by children as they learn how to communicate for the first time provide clues as to how language development progresses and contribute to a discussion of the average stages of language development exhibited among young children.Generally speaking, language is nothing more than a set of symbols, usually auditory, that is commonly understood and is used to share or warehouse information (Eccardt, 2003). “The symbols are words, and their meanings cover everything we humans deal with … Generally, the above definition puts the label ‘language’ on English, Spanish, Chinese, etc. It also covers sign languages for deaf people” (Eccardt, 2003). This definition does not necessarily include the alphabet, writing, or other forms of mechanical expression.

VentilatorAssociated Pneumonia and Nursing

The question that has been formulated and researched is: for patients, who are on mechanical ventilation, does the use of ventilator bundle, with an examination of critical care nurses’ knowledge on the ventilator bundle, an effective prevention technique for VAP? The paper discusses how EBP can be incorporated into practice and the leadership model was drawn up to implement and supervise EBP.Ventilator-associated pneumonia continues to be a major threat to patient safety. It is a huge challenge to critical care practitioners since it has become a leading cause of death among hospital-acquired infections. Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a type of hospital-acquired pneumonia that occurs with mechanically-ventilated patients. It has become one of the respiratory infections that have received a lot of attention by experts over the past years, and because of the high rate of mortality that it causes, studies have focused on preventative measures. However, despite the number of studies that have been conducted on VAP, the results of the studies vary widely. As a result, the knowledge of nurses about preventative measures also varied widely. The assessment of knowledge that critical care nurses had regarding preventative measures, particularly the use of ventilator bundles, is important since the better-informed the nurses are, the better their performance will be. Since the VAP is a leading cause of death in hospital-acquired infections, nurses must have awareness of the protocol and incorporate it into practice to reduce the chances of death in mechanically-ventilated patients due to respiratory infections.The problem arose in intensive care units, where patients receive critical care. It is the patients who are directly affected by the problem. however, it needs to be noted that if the mortality rate of the hospital is low, and proper measures are being taken to prevent thepatients from getting VAP, it would reflect positively on the practice of the nurses and the reputation of the hospital.

Relationship between Entrepreneurship Innovation and Economic Development

As technological change permeates our lives, it is essential for each individual to understand the forces underlying and unleashed by technological change in order to become better decision makers, managers, policy analysts, and researchers. As Braunerhjelm points out, economists have undoubtedly made considerable advances during the last decades in understanding the relationship between entrepreneurship, innovation, and growth, and have brought in more profound insights on how entrepreneurship, innovation, and growth are interrelated. According to him, the relationship between entrepreneurship, innovation, and economic development can be identified from its most immediate foundation in simple perception, common sense, and a clear economic observation that performance to convert proposals into economic opportunities lies at the very core of entrepreneurship (2). Entrepreneurship can be stated as the foundation of innovation and revolution, and as such stimulates the development in efficiency and profitable competitiveness. Knowledge and flexibility are the two significant factors that are closely linked with entrepreneurship and have been noticed for their importance as measures for achieving competitiveness in this rapidly developing globalized economy. In the same way, development and growth of upcoming entrepreneurship bring chances for a country’s development within an intensified global competition due to the phenomena like globalization and liberalization, and modern technological innovations. According to Pirich et al, most economic, psychological and sociological research focus on the fact that entrepreneurship is a process, and not just a stagnant phenomenon and it is more than just a mechanical economic factor. Moreover, entrepreneurship is associated with choice-related issues and has a wide range of functional roles which involves coordination, innovation, uncertainty-bearing, decision making resource allocation, capital supply, and ownership (14). Schumpeter holds the view that innovative entrepreneurs are the vehicles that can move the economy into development from a stagnant equilibrium, depending on the blending abilities of entrepreneurial individuals. In his opinion, “whatever the type, everyone is an entrepreneur only when he actually carries out new combinations and loses that character as soon as he has built up his business, when he settles down to running it as other people run their business” (Schumpeter, 78). Likewise, there has been a great deal of attention focused on studying various models of innovation throughout recent decades to identify the significance of innovation with various institutions. The Economist (1999) (as cited in Pirich, et al) reports that innovation has turned out to be the industrial religion of the late 20th century, where business considers it to be the key to increase profits and market share and Governments generally select it while trying to fix the economy. moreover, the rhetoric of innovation has substituted the post-war language of welfare economics (15). The entrepreneur takes the place of the most essential agent in almost all of the production, distribution, and growth theories. Entrepreneurship is the driving force of economic growth and this concept suits best with the long waves theory of Joseph Schumpeter.

The Assessment of Language and Communication

Considering language and communication, it seems all children are born with the ability to learn and learn quickly various methods of connecting with their caregivers and others. This type of communication is necessarily based on physical actions and tone of cry when the child is very small, but as they grow older, children begin to demonstrate that they understand gestures and the words of others even before they have voiced their first word. According to Gordon Wells (1986), the entire function of learning language and interacting socially is necessary in order to make connections with other people and help the individual make sense of their experiences. “Language occurs through an interaction among genes (which hold innate tendencies to communicate and be sociable), environment, and the child’s own thinking abilities” (Genishi, 2006). While some of this behavior can be attributed to the child’s natural imitation of the caregivers, there remain aspects to the way language and communication development that haven’t yet been sufficiently explained. Some activities that children and their parents may engage in that might help foster language and communication development will be discussed along with other factors that may contribute to development. Common mistakes shared by children as they learn how to communicate for the first time provide clues as to how language development progresses and contribute to a discussion of the average stages of language development exhibited among young children.Generally speaking, language is nothing more than a set of symbols, usually auditory, that is commonly understood and is used to share or warehouse information (Eccardt, 2003). “The symbols are words, and their meanings cover everything we humans deal with … Generally, the above definition puts the label ‘language’ on English, Spanish, Chinese, etc. It also covers sign languages for deaf people” (Eccardt, 2003). This definition does not necessarily include the alphabet, writing, or other forms of mechanical expression.

Week8assignment

ou will utilize your change model for this assignment. Review the feedback submitted by your instructor on your previous change model assignment. Make any changes or modifications necessary for the submission of this assignment.Evaluate the performance of your organization or department. Identify an area that would significantly benefit from initiating a change. Write a paper (1,500-1,750 words) in which you describe the particular area you propose to address through a change initiative. Include the following for your company: Discuss the issues in this area and the current outcomes as a result of the issues. Describe the external and/or internal driving forces, contributing issues, and the people affected. Evaluate the stakeholders involved and discuss how they will be affected by your change initiative. Clarify your role and responsibility as a change leader. Discuss the leadership theory (or theories) you will use to guide the change process. Discuss the change agents you need to recruit in order to successfully implement your change. Describe the roles of these change agents. Utilize your change model to develop strategies: (a) Explain the relevance of this model to your organization; and (b) Present the strategic aspects using your model. Be sure to clearly define the purpose of each aspect, the people involved, and the actions that need to be taken. Identify, or predict, the potential barriers to change. Discuss possible ways to overcome these obstacles, including methods for dealing with emerging or unforeseen circumstances that could impede implementation. Describe the evaluation methods you will use to determine the level of success of your change initiative. Discuss what metrics or measureable determinates you will use. Propose strategies to anchor change or support continuous change. Establish how your change plan supports the organizational mission/goal, genuinely addresses stakeholder concerns, and will serve as an equitable contribution for the community or society overall.Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. Top of Form Benchmark – Change Initiative: Implementation, Evaluation, and Sustainability 1 Unsatisfactory 0.00% 2 Less than Satisfactory 74.00% 3 Satisfactory 79.00% 4 Good 87.00% 5 Excellent 100.00% 80.0 %Content 10.0 %The Need for Change The need for change including specifying the issue and the current outcomes resulting from the issue is not discussed. The need for change including specifying the issue and the current outcomes resulting from the issue is discussed, but discussion is incomplete or inaccurate. The need for change including specifying the issue and the current outcomes resulting from the issue is included, but discussion is cursory and lacking in depth. The need for change including specifying the issue and the current outcomes resulting from the issue is discussed, including all necessary elements. The need for change including specifying the issue and the current outcomes resulting from the issue is thoroughly discussed with rich detail, including all necessary elements. 5.0 %Driving Forces Description of internal and/or external driving forces, contributing issues, and people affected is not included. Description of internal and/or external driving forces, contributing issues, and people affected is incomplete or inaccurate. Description of internal and/or external driving forces, contributing issues, and people affected is included, but discussion is cursory and lacking in depth. Description of internal and/or external driving forces, contributing issues, and people affected is discussed, including all necessary elements. Description of internal and/or external driving forces, contributing issues, and people affected is thoroughly discussed with rich detail, including all necessary elements. 5.0 %Stakeholder Evaluation Evaluation of stakeholders and how they will be affected by the change initiative is not included. Evaluation of stakeholders and how they will be affected by the change initiative is incomplete or inaccurate. Evaluation of stakeholders and how they will be affected by the change initiative is included, but discussion is cursory and lacking in depth. Evaluation of stakeholders and how they will be affected by the change initiative is discussed, including all necessary elements. Evaluation of stakeholders and how they will be affected by the change initiative is thoroughly discussed with rich detail, including all necessary elements. 10.0 %The Role of the Leader in the Change Initiative The role of the leader in the change initiative is not addressed. The role of the leader in the change initiative is present, but it is incomplete or inaccurate. The role of the leader in the change initiative is presented, but it is cursory and lacking in depth. The role of the leader in the change initiative is presented and includes discussion of all necessary elements. The role of the leader in the change initiative is thoroughly presented with rich detail and includes discussion of all necessary elements. 10.0 %Change Agents and Roles Discussion of necessary change agents and their respective roles in implementing change is not included. Discussion of necessary change agents and their respective roles in implementing change is incomplete or inaccurate. Discussion of necessary change agents and their respective roles in implementing change is included, but discussion is cursory and lacking in depth. Discussion of necessary change agents and their respective roles in implementing change is discussed, including all necessary elements. Discussion of necessary change agents and their respective roles in implementing change is thoroughly discussed with rich detail, including all necessary elements. 10.0 %Application of the Change Model to Develop Strategies (Competency 3.5) The change model is not applied to develop strategies. The change model is applied, but the resulting strategies are incomplete or inaccurate. The change model is applied, but the resulting strategies are cursory and lacking in depth. The change model is thoroughly applied and the resulting strategies include all necessary elements. The change model is thoroughly applied with rich detail and the resulting strategies include all necessary elements. 10.0 %Overcoming Barriers to Change (Competency 1.5) Overcoming barriers to change is not addressed. Overcoming barriers to change is presented, but it is incomplete or inaccurate. Overcoming barriers to change is presented, but it is cursory and lacking in depth. Overcoming barriers to change is presented and includes discussion of all necessary elements. Overcoming barriers to change is thoroughly presented with rich detail and includes discussion of all necessary elements. 10.0 %Evaluation Methods Evaluation methods for determining the success of the change initiative are not included. Evaluation methods for determining the success of the change initiative are incomplete or inaccurate. Evaluation methods for determining the success of the change initiative are included but lack specific metrics or measurable determinants and relevant details. Evaluation methods for determining the success of the change initiative are complete and include specific metrics or measurable determinants and relevant details. Evaluation methods for determining the success of the change initiative are extremely thorough with specific metrics or measurable determinants clearly defined and numerous relevant details. 5.0 %Strategies for Sustaining Change Strategies for sustaining change are not addressed. Strategies for sustaining change are incomplete or inaccurate. Strategies for sustaining change are presented, but discussion is cursory and lacking in depth. Strategies for sustaining change are complete and include discussion of all necessary elements. Strategies for sustaining change are thoroughly presented with rich detail and include discussion of all necessary elements. 5.0 %Overall Effectiveness of Change Plan Discussion of how the change plan supports the organizational mission and goals, addresses stakeholder concerns, and contributes to the community of society is not included. Discussion of how the change plan supports the organizational mission and goals, addresses stakeholder concerns, and contributes to the community of society is incomplete or inaccurate. Discussion of how the change plan supports the organizational mission and goals, addresses stakeholder concerns, and contributes to the community of society is cursory and lacking in depth. Discussion of how the change plan supports the organizational mission and goals, addresses stakeholder concerns, and contributes to the community of society is presented and includes discussion of all necessary elements. Discussion of how the change plan supports the organizational mission and goals, addresses stakeholder concerns, and contributes to the community of society is thoroughly presented with rich detail and includes discussion of all necessary elements. 13.0 %Organization and Effectiveness 3.0 %Thesis Development and Purpose Paper lacks any discernible overall purpose or organizing claim. Thesis is insufficiently developed or vague. Purpose is not clear. Thesis is apparent and appropriate to purpose. Thesis is clear and forecasts the development of the paper. Thesis is descriptive and reflective of the arguments and appropriate to the purpose. Thesis is comprehensive and contains the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear. 13.0 %Organization and Effectiveness 5.0 %Argument Logic and Construction Statement of purpose is not justified by the conclusion. The conclusion does not support the claim made. Argument is incoherent and uses noncredible sources. Sufficient justification of claims is lacking. Argument lacks consistent unity. There are obvious flaws in the logic. Some sources have questionable credibility. Argument is orderly, but may have a few inconsistencies. The argument presents minimal justification of claims. Argument logically, but not thoroughly, supports the purpose. Sources used are credible. Introduction and conclusion bracket the thesis. Argument shows logical progressions. Techniques of argumentation are evident. There is a smooth progression of claims from introduction to conclusion. Most sources are authoritative. Clear and convincing argument that presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative. 13.0 %Organization and Effectiveness 5.0 %Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, and language use) Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is employed. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register) or word choice are present. Sentence structure is correct but not varied. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct and varied sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are employed. Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. The writer uses a variety of effective sentence structures and figures of speech. The writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English. 7.0 %Format 2.0 %Paper Format (use of appropriate style for the major and assignment) Template is not used appropriately or documentation format is rarely followed correctly. Appropriate template is used, but some elements are missing or mistaken. A lack of control with formatting is apparent. Appropriate template is used. Formatting is correct, although some minor errors may be present. Appropriate template is fully used. There are virtually no errors in formatting style. All format elements are correct. 5.0 %Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) Sources are not documented. Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error. 100 %Total Weightage Bottom of Form

Scoringguide2

CYB- 650 Organizational Objectives and Priorities Scoring GuidePerformance Level Ratings Meets Expectations Performance consistently met expectations in all essential areas of the assignment criteria, at times possibly exceeding expectations, and the quality of work overall was very good. The most critical goals were met. Near Expectations Performance did not consistently meet expectations. Performance failed to meet expectations in one or more essential areas of the assignment criteria, one or more of the most critical goals were not met. Below Expectations Performance was consistently below expectations in most essential areas of the assignment criteria, reasonable progress toward critical goals was not made. Significant improvement is needed in one or more important areas. Criteria Below Expectations Near Expectations Meets Expectations Earned The student comprehensively presents a business profile to include: The organization’s mission, objectives, stakeholders, and how it fits into the industry 0 pts – 2 pts 3 pts – 4 pts 5 pts The organization’s main product, service offerings, and consumer base 0 pts – 6 pts 7 pts – 9 pts 10 pts The organization’s main departments and their roles, including all major stakeholders 0 pts – 2 pts 3 pts – 4 pts 5 pts The organization’s information technology infrastructure 0 pts – 6 pts 7 pts – 9 pts 10 pts The organization’s common flow of information and decisions 0 pts – 6 pts 7 pts – 9 pts 10 pts The student accurately implements a cybersecurity framework to: Align the business to the NIST Cybersecurity Framework. 0 pts – 2 pts 3 pts – 4 pts 5 pts Prioritize organizational efforts and business needs. 0 pts – 6 pts 7 pts – 9 pts 10 pts Identify individual elements of cybersecurity risk (threats to and vulnerabilities of) and how to manage them. 0 pts – 6 pts 7 pts – 9 pts 10 pts Describe how the organization incorporates privacy principles in relation to data collection, disclosure, and retention. 0 pts – 6 pts 7 pts – 9 pts 10 pts Prose is largely free of mechanical errors. The writer uses a variety of effective sentence structures, figures of speech, and industry terminology. 0 pts – 2 pts 3 pts – 4 pts 5 pts TOTAL /80 Instructor Feedback

Sample

Group AssignmentStudents name: Shima Salim AL Kharusi 18F18540Ruwa Al Juland Al Azri 18F17846Afaf Zayed Al Balushi 18F18163Abeer Obied ALHajri 18F18099Fatma Ahmed AL Mushaifri 18F18092Section: ASubmitted to: AsadullahSubmission: week 10              Content Table: IS:P Task Page Number 1 Introduction 3 2 Calculations 4-5 3 SWOT analysis 6-7 4 Conclusion 9 5 Reference 10 IntroductionFARAMIL S.A.O.G is a company that produces mechanical parts in Uber (Oman). The company have received many orders regarding front brakes for brand new trucks that will be launched soon. There are two types of brakes which FARAMIL Company must manufacture daily. The first type is for the right front wheels which corresponds 600 to part code PS3476FRT543789DR and another 600 for the left front wheels to part code PS3476FRT543789IZ as the weight for each brake is 14.5 kgs. The company’s (FARAMIL) duty is to supply the products to Uber in Oman every day except on Fridays as is contracted for a year, which means 249 deliveries in a year. The products are stuffed in recyclable parallelepiped plastic boxes attached to the integral. The dimensions of the box are 30x40x25 cm as every box can carry a full set of the brake supplies. For the work to be easy in logistics and sales, the boxes must be separated into two colors, yellow on the left and orange on the right of the pallet. The boxes will be piled on wooden pallets which are measured in 120x80x15 cm with a weight of 10 kgs. Between the boxes, a thick sheet (6mm) made out of plywood (120cm x 80 cm x 0.6 cm thick) is been stacked in layers to make it safe for the boxes. When the pallets are completely full, it gets wrapped. The height of a pallet is 150 cm.But FARAMIL Company has a problem with the contract, it cannot complete all the work in Uber, Oman due to the lack of expertise so it must ask a different Company to help in the treatment needed for the brakes.In another hand, MEDIBRAKE Company which is located in Medina, Saudi Arabia has the ability to apply the treatment. Both companies have an agreement that was made to deliver the required amount of orders every day to the factory for the treatments, they get shifted back two days after so they get stuffed again in the usual situation when it first delivered.For this operation to be done, the logistics manager of FARAMIL has contacted several groups including The Sailing Express. The group’s work here is to help out the manager in the process of transportation by choosing the best method.CalculationsGiven: Number of brakes to be transport 600 Left brakes (yellow) 600 Right brakes (orange) Weight of each brakes= 145 Kg (weight of one brake)Waking days (Saturday to Thursday) =6 days a weekNumber of deliveries= 249 (maximum)Dimension of box= 30*40*25cm Dimension of pallets= 120*80*15cmNumber of boxes that can be put on pallet: 120*30/30*40= 9600/1200= 8Maximum height of the pallet with 1 cm= 10mm Boxes+ pallets+ sheets = 150cm= 1500mm150 cm= 150cm*10= 1500mmHeight of pallet 15cm= 150mmLength of pallet 120cm= 1200mmWidth of pallet 80cm= 800mmThickness of sheet 0.6cm= 6mmHeight of boxes+ sheet250mm- 6mm= 256mmHeight of boxes + sheets = maximum height – height of pallets = 1500mm-150mm=1350mmHeight of one box + sheet = 250mm+6mm=256mmNo. of layers to be on pallets = 130/256 = 5.27 = 5 layers No. of boxes that can be stacked/put = 8*5 = 40 boxesCalculation of number of pallets1. 40’ containers L= 11998 mm = 12000mm (approx.)W= 2350mm = 2000mm (approx.)     Width of pallet: 800mm     Length of pallet: 120mm
No. of pallets that can be put inside 40’ container= 12000*2000/1200*800 = 25 pallets2. 40’ PWL= 11998 mm = 12000 mmW= 2490mm = 2500mm Width of pallet: 800mm Length of pallet: 1200mm= 12000*2500/1200*800 = 125/4 = 31.2530 pallets (40*30) = 12003. for 20’ PW = 15 pArea of the 20 PW = L*W = 5867*2350 = 12878450Number of pallets/20 PW = 12878450/ 9640000= 15p4. Semi-trailer = 0.9 per day  Area of the semi-trailer= L* W 13467* 2440= 32859480Area of the pallet= 960000Number of pallets/ semi-trails= 32859480/ 960000= 33.75p5. 20ft containers= 25* 40= 10001200/1000=1.2 containersFor 40 PW containers=1containersSemi trails=0.8 nnSWOT analysisSWOT analysis is a crucial planning method used to help an individual or group to identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats linked to business competition or project planning.Strengths: are set points of internal positive for the companies. For instance, operations successful commercial, assets in knowledge, education, network and skills, asset material such as equipment and technology.  Weaknesses: the negative factors which reduces your point’s strength. There are several of the stuff that improved to be able. For example, you need to improve the mark commercial, asset tangible such as money and equipment and the success of idea location. Opportunities: areexternal factors in the environment work which are contribute to the success of the work. For example, development business and changes to come to regulations that affect the company positively. Threats: are external factors that cannot be controlled. Develop contingency plans to deal with them if they occur. For instance, potential competitors entering the market, if suppliers can always supply raw materials at favorable prices to all, if future developments in technology change work ,the impact of negative consumer behavior can change and market trends that can become a threat. Airline transport Strength – Fastest mean of transport. – More safe, less robbery. weakness -More expensive Opportunity – Raise the awareness of the importance of air transport. – Improve the development of airplane manufacturing. Threat -Fluctuation of weather conditions. -Accidents. -Short sea transport. Road transport Strength -Can carry loads of products. -The cheapest. weakness – Slow. – Not safe, chances of robbery. -Air pollution. Opportunity – Raise transport services demands. Threat -High insurance costs. – Can be delayed in licensing the buses and can get violations due to lack of maintenance. Sea transport Strength – Each Ship is specialized to transport certain products. – The ability to transport high load capacity. – Fast, by using modern technology that helps in speed. – Cheapest among others. weakness – Depends on sea current. – Short sea transportation takes more time compared to other means. Opportunity – More opportunities to work in ports and ships. – Development of ships manufacturing. Threat -Weather threats. – Chances of pirates. – Can cause strikes in ports due to delivery lateness. Airline1. RMO 375+ OMR 140+ OMR 205.301= OMR 720.301 for single trip (LD4 Container).For 1 roundtrip of (LD4 Container):  OMR 720.301 *2= OMR 1440.602.2. (LD- 11 Container): OMR 500+OMR 140+ OMR 720.301= OMR 1360.301 for single trip.1360.301* 2= 2720.602 (LD-11Container) for 1 roundtrip.Short sea transport1. (40ft container) for single trip 390+ 350+ 20=OMR 760390+ 350+ 9.228=OMR 749.228 for single trip (40ft container)  (390* 2)+ (350* 2) + (20+9.228)780+ 700+ 29.228= OMR 1509.228 for 1 roundtrip2. Semi-trailer 410+ 370+20= OMR 800410+370+9.228= OMR 789.228 for single trip(410* 2)+ (370* 2) + (20+ 9.228)=820+ 740+ 29.228= OMR 1589.228 for 1 roundtripRoad transport1. (0.44 OMR * 2552 Km) + (200 OMR + 0.60 OMR +0.441)= 1323.921 OMR for 1 single trip.2. (1323.921 OMR) * 2 = 2647.842 OMR for 1 roundtrip. The sailing express group have chosen to transport the brakes using short sea transportation. Many people prefer using it because it’s reliable, safe which means chances of robberies are less. It has perfect capacity and flexibility to hold loads of goods. It also reduces road traffics, and the drivers can have some comfort time and rest if they felt tiered. Plus, it costs less than other means of transportation. The distance for travelling by short sea is 1300Nm with speed of 12 km/h but the containers acceptation time has to be before 6 hours. Adding to that, there is daily transportation service by a ferry from Salalah port to Jeddah, then it can be delivered by road to Medina. There are three types of containers to transfer the products by, 20ft container, 40ft container and a semi-trailer. If the container delivers an IMO item, the cost will be higher. If FARAMIL uses a 40ftcontainer to deliver, it has to pay 350, and extra 29 OMR to load and unload the containers.Since the cost in Oman is 20 OMR, and in Jeddah they have to pay 9 OMR to the port. (9+20=29). DESTEP analysis helps to identify the external factors that affects the work inside the companyConclusion In conclusion, the sailing express group assisted the Logistics Manager in the transportation of the brakes from where they’ve been manufactured (Uber, Oman) to the treatment process in Medina (Saudi Arabia) since they’re capable of the treatment. This company is called MADIBRAKE.The sailing express have done many calculations to clarify and know the best and easiest way to help the logistics manager of FARAMIL to take the brakes to Saudi Arabia and return them back to Oman. The group came up with the solution of transferring yellow boxes and orange boxes. To make the process easy in the field of logistics and sales, the boxes have been divided. The boxes were put on pallets after performing many calculations to find out the capacity of each boxes as well as the pallets. Then SWOT system was used to help in knowing the best transportation method (air, land, and road) in terms of Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats. The sailing express have chosen the short sea for transportation, it costs less than the rest as well as it can deliver loads of goods that can make the process of delivering faster in a specific time. It is safer compared to other forms of transport and preferred by many.Reference (N. d). 2019. Sea transportation [Online]. Available from <http://obl.ru/en/services/sea/< [6 April 2019] (N. d). 2018. What is transforming transport [Online]? Available from< https://transformingtransport.eu/<[ 10 April 2019](N. d). 2011. Different types of transport [Online]. Available from<http://www.within-reach.org.uk/different-types-of-transport.html< [ 23 April 2019]

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Reading Education History 20.0 Provides comprehensive examples that demonstrate the importance of reading education history in the U.S. Literacy in Grades K-3 15.0 Thoroughly details the importance of literacy in grades K-3 and examines its educational effects on later academic years with extensive professional insight. Content is supported with relevant, quality research. The Big 5 15.0 Includes a substantial, professional overview of each of the Big 5 areas of reading instruction. Brain Function 10.0 Insightfully describes how the brain is involved in phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and text comprehension with advanced detail. An in-depth examination of how the sequential order of each reading instruction component is important in learning to read and comprehend text is also provided. Content is supported with relevant, quality research. Intervention Strategies 10.0 Describes two innovative, excellent intervention strategies, per reading instruction component, for struggling readers. Strategies described for at home utilization are appropriate and creative. Content is supported with relevant, quality research. Presentation 5.0 The work is well presented. The overall appearance is neat and professional. Work would be highly desirable for public dissemination. Language Use and Audience Awareness (includes sentence construction, word choice, etc.) 10.0 Word choice in slides and speaker’s notes is distinctive, creative and well-suited to purpose, discipline, scope, and audience of the presentation. Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) 10.0 Submission is virtually free of mechanical errors. Word choice reflects well-developed use of practice and content-related language. Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) 5.0 Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error. Total Percentage  100