Dance can be defined in various ways depending on cultural and social norms. However, for the purposes of this paper, the subject will basically be defined as the movement of an individual’s body in response to music. In most cases, the movement is rhythmic. Dance is performed in almost every culture and is done for various reasons including to express ideas, entertainment, social interaction, to express emotions, exercise, and for spiritual purposes (Markula 2006). Apart from the above functions, in some communities, dance is used as a means of communicating non-verbally between animals or animals. There are various genres and styles of dance including tango, ballroom, break, step, and slide (Daly 2002, p.64), the list practically being non-exhaustive. While people remain uncertain as to the origin of dance, some scientists claim that it was designed by natural selection processes as far back as the initial stages of hominid evolution (Markula 2006). Dance holds a special place in various cultures and societies. In this case, culture is a people’s way of life. In fact, archaeologists suggest that during prehistoric (before the invention of writing) times, dancing was part of human culture as depicted by the Egyptian tomb and ancient Indian paintings that contain dancing figures. It has been a vital part of rituals, entertainment, rituals, and ceremony. Dance in many cases is often accompanied by music and may involve an individual, 2 people, or a group of people. In other cases, it is performed without music as in the case of the tap dance. Dance is often associated with costumes which are elements of culture. Costumes in this case relate to the distinctive dressing style adopted by a particular group of persons. For example, in some traditional communities, dancers wear skirts made of sisal fiber and headgear made of bird feathers which are are elements of culture.Culture as a people’s way of life includes dance.
The story is also outstanding for its accommodation of dual characteristics of the concrete and the abstract. In other words, while the romantic preoccupation of Ryabovitch has a certain immediacy and specificity, by the end of the story, it becomes clear that the author is dealing with human universals. The character of Ryabovitch pitted against the unexpected circumstances he finds himself in acts as a representation for broader human life. When the officers of a reserve artillery brigade pass through the countryside as part of their military excursion, they are invited for tea by the local landlord and retired General von Rabbek. The invitation was largely a matter of courtesy and formality, as the General could have very little genuine interest in entertaining a group of officers unknown and unconnected to him. The event begins on an awkward note but is soon smoothened by banter, good food, and music. When music is played, the young officers choose attractive young women from the gathering to dance in duet. What should be a pleasurable evening out for most is quite the opposite for one young officer called Ryabovitch, who is the central character of the story. Rabinovitch is a shy, lean and modest staff-captain, who regards himself as unattractive. He thinks of himself as “short, stooping… with spectacles and lynx-like side whiskers". He could be true about this assessment of himself, or it could have born of his low self-esteem. Either way, he finds social occasions discomforting, especially if it involves attractive young women. He tries to minimize his discomfort by joining a group of officers in the billiards room but soon gets bored. On his way back to the central hall, he gets lost in the labyrinthine design of the house and ends up visiting a darkly lit room. As he ponders where to go next, a young woman visits him in the room and from behind him, plants a kiss upon his cheek. Momentarily, she realizes that she’s kissed the wrong man – something indicated by her surprised shriek and immediately rushing out of the room.
In the film, Dylan and John Lennon just drove around the city in a taxi and carried all sorts of drug addiction. Later, in an interview with Rolling StoneMagazine magazine, Lennon admitted that they had been sniffing heroin all day and that Dylan was nearly hiding from a drug overdose. The impact drugs caused on Dylan and his music was immense. The musician is called the "revelation of America," and in this sense, his work is the opposite of the work of pop stars – masters of allegory. Dylan always cut the truth-womb. No, he didn’t use "blackmail and porn" as visual means, as was observed, for example, right after perestroika, for example, his songs can also be heard by teenagers. But Dylans said everything as it is. A commitment to the truth is what sets Dylans apart from the rest of the performers. And indeed, this approach to music seems peculiar to this day. Not just drugs needed – why are they? The truth is much cooler. His head is spinning. Robert Allen Zimmerman was born in Duluth, Minnesota, USA. His father traded in hardware, and poetry became Bob’s love from an early age. Naturally, Robert was not at all seduced by the future owner of the shop, which his father had predicted for him. Out of protest, 10-year-old Robert Zimmerman ran away from home and hitchhiked to Chicago. By chance on the road, he met an old Negro singer who knew how to play the guitar songs. Then, like in a movie: the boy and the singer made friends, spent three months together, and Robert studied guitar chords from his companion, as Williamson admits. The police, of course, found a minor fugitive and brought him home, but Dylans remained impressed by this life and led Bob to write poetry at home, frankly imitating his beloved poet Thomas at first. Robert will subsequently choose his name as an artistic pseudonym, according to Marqusee. He also had another hobby: he began to listen to the rhythm and blues when he was driven by the use of the substances, which was broadcast by the local radio. Robert was already bursting with creative ideas inspired by drugs, but so far, he was just learning to express them and watching others do it. The rhythm and blues, although traditionally considered Negro music Zimmerman believed that nothing would stop him from drawing inspiration from this music. At school, Robert assembled the first group, called The Golden Chords (Golden Strings), states Williamson. The group initially played traditional rock and roll, music more for dancing than for listening in a relaxed atmosphere. But group leader Zimmerman quickly realized that rock and roll in its purest form were not for him, he was not interested in him. True, Bob was still young and shy. these character traits prevented him from the stage, according to Marqusee. At the age of 19, he went on another trip to America, again hitchhiking and using drugs. He again spent the evenings in the company by the fire, he had a guitar with him, and he was eagerly listened to by young tramps like himself. He spent the night in a sleeping bag in the open air, accumulated impressions, and composed songs inspired by the substances. It turned out that Robert quickly and easily knows how to capture the attention of the audience, not taking into account the drug addiction. Not only that: he wrote good poems. his biting statements were clear to everyone, according to Williamson. In short, like a rock bard, Robert Zimmerman turned out to be a rather bright figure in the musical horizon of the then America. In the early 60s, he arrived in New York, intending to continue his musical career. He called himself no longer Zimmerman, but Dylan, as Marqusee states. In 1962, the album "Bob Dylan" was released with his versions of blues and songs of immigrants, and in 1963 came out and instantly became popular, his album "The Freewheelin Bob Dylan" with the song "Blowin In The Wind" ("Ha Wings of the Wind"), in which he tried to express everything that worried him then including the drug usage. Dylans just sang, in reference to Williamson: "How many eyes do you need to see the tears of others? How many times do you need to look around to notice the trouble next to us?" It can be said that this theme became characteristic of all of the late Dylans. In those years, he writes other drug songs: "A Hard Rain’s A-Gonna Fall" ("It will rain hard soon"), "The Times They’re A-Spagsht" ("Times are changing") … "I would not write a single song," Dylans recalled, "and wouldn’t have sung them like that if I hadn’t had the opportunity to sit in New York cafes, listen to conversations and songs learning the skill of other performers." On the eve of the 70th anniversary of the musician, his early interview was published, in which the singer spoke about his fight against heroin drug addiction. In March 1966, after one of the concerts of his American tour, Dylan boarded his private jet with his friend Robert Shelton, a journalist and music critic. During the two hours of the flight, Dylans gave Shelton an interview, which the journalist later described as a "kaleidoscopic monologue" on drug addiction. Among other things, the singer admitted that in the early 1960s, he managed to get rid of heroin and other substances addiction. "I ended up with heroin when I lived in New York," says the singer. "I had very strong withdrawals then, just the strongest. And I started this business. I spent $ 20-25 a day on heroin, and I managed to tie up using this drug." Talk that Dylan used heroin for some time has been around for a long time. But the journalist of the British Newspaper Daily Telegraph Mick Brown, who interviewed the singer, said that he never confirmed these rumors on the use of substances in public. "I am surprised that he speaks so easily about this," says Williamson. In another part of the interview, Dylan says that frequent conversations about his genius prompted him to thoughts of suicide. "Death is an empty place for me. For me, Death means nothing if I can die quickly. I was ready to die quickly many times, and I could have done it all and done it," says Dylans. – Yes, I can say that I have these suicidal tendencies inspired by substances. But so far, I can survive. " Marqusee says that during the interview, Dylan’s mood was constantly changing – he either spoke briskly or, on the contrary, was noticeably suppressed as he had a drug addiction. And for the man who to this day constantly tours and releases new albums, he was unusually skeptical about his work, especially about his own works. "I don’t take all of this as seriously as anyone else," says Dylans. "You see, I know that it won’t help me an iota in heaven. It won’t save me from fiery hell." And this, of course, will not extend my life. And it will not make me happy either." "You can’t be happy just if you are doing something high as using a drug," the singer concludes. Williamson speaks on what he thinks could make Dylan happy. "And I’m so happy," Dylan replied. But then he added that happiness is "some cheap word like a drug" And then he returned to the topic of suicide. Psychedelic drugs impacted much on his performance style and the type of music he chose to play for many long years.
The author is the person who creates it, and, in the case of music, is the person by whom the arrangements necessary for the making of the recording or film are undertaken.(Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 I(9)(1) . Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 I(9)(2)(a)). Copyrights expired after 50 years. (Copyright, Designs and Patents act 1988 I(12)(1)).Basically, if you create a piece of music, you own that piece of music for fifty years. You, and you alone, have the right to copy your piece of music, issue copies to the public or perform the music, broadcast it or adapt it. It is yours. If you wrote the lyrics, then you own the lyrics. If you wrote the music, then the music is yours. If you performed the music, then you own the recording of the live performance. Sound recordings are owned by the maker of the recording. (MIPI).There are many ways that one can infringe upon copyrighted material. This article will explore some of the ways that musical copyright infringement can occur, the most important being illegal downloads, cd ripping and burning, and sampling. Included in this article will be an examination of how copyrights stifle the creativity of artists. an examination of the law regarding sampling in Germany, the United States and the UK. the law regarding illegal downloads, with an examination of a prominent United States case. and an examination of how the music industry, and the music itself, has evolved and changed in response to the rather prevalent existence of copyright infringement, and how sub-genres have been affected as well.Copyright law may lead to some ridiculous results, one of which was included in Vaidhyanathans (2001) book Copyrights and Copywrongs: the Rise of Intellectual Property and How it Threatens Creativity. In this book, Vaidhyanathan relates an event that concerned the Marx Brothers’ 1940s movie called A Night in Casablanca. Upon receiving a letter from the legal department of Warner Brothers that the film title could encroach uponthe copyright of the film Casablanca, Groucho Marx understandably skewered the attorney.
The Bilingual Education Program started in 1968 when the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 was amended, referred to the Title VII. This permitted pilot projects to help the poor children with educational disadvantages due to their inability to speak the English language. The U.S. Supreme Court decision Lau v. Nichols in 1974 provided the stepping stone for bilingual education (Bethell, 1979).These bilingual education programs were geared towards the instruction for students whose native language was not English, were intended for the non-English speaker to learn the content matter courses (mathematics, science, and social studies) in their native language, thus making it easier for the student to learn English as a Second Language and incorporate this knowledge into their content matter courses and in their other courses (music, physical education, art) and help them communicate with the school´s personnel and classmates.Bilingual Education should be placed in its historical context. The educational system started implementing this new theoretical educational concept when the civil rights movement started and the creation of the 1964 Civil Rights Act began. the recipients of federal funds cannot be discriminated against based on their national origin (Bethell, 1979): the African Americans were being taken into consideration. the women were taken into consideration (feminism, female liberation). and educational issues were taken into consideration. There were too many changes taking place contrary to what had been implemented for centuries. In 1970 a memorandum defined language as basic for national origin thus requiring schools to take affirmative action to correct the English language deficiencies.As with any new idea, there were people that were in favor of bilingual education and there were people against it.
Introduction In the modern world, coffee is one of the most popular refreshment beverages with nearly US$80 billion sales in retail every year. Starbucks is one of the largest coffee houses of the world, with 20,366 stores in 61 countries (Alvarado et al., 2007. Khattab et al., 2013). Starbucks started its venture in 1971 in Seattle Pike place with the objective of providing coffee with immense quality and taste. It was initiated by three academics Jerry Baldwin, Zev Siegel and Gordon Bowker. Starbucks in later years was joined by Howard Schultz who led the marketing strategies to make it famous worldwide. In 1982, the company was taking a new outlook in its endeavor after Schultz visited Italy and saw a promising future for Starbucks in the coffee industry. He utilized the resources and the ability of Starbucks in providing quality beans for establishing a coffee bar named as II Giornalle. The concept of coffee bar was proving to be a successful endeavor for Starbucks. Due to the acceptance of Schultz’s strategies Starbucks gained importance in the market and it was highly appreciated by the people. Through his strategic management skills and marketing skills, he purchased Starbucks in the year 1987 and renamed it as Starbuck Corporation. The coffee bar II Giornalle was renamed as Starbucks Corporation by Schultz as the brand was known by people and was readily acceptable. Schultz was by then the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the company and was trying hard to implement strategies to expand the business and make outlets in various regions such as Chicago and Vancouver. In the 1990s, the company saw expansion by opening 676 stores and providing in-house music to make the people feel relaxed while enjoying the coffee. Starbucks flourished worldwide by the year 2000 and is still strategizing to make the business more popular and financially sound (Shah et al., 2010). The present mission of the company is “to inspire and nurture the human spirit – one person, one cup and one neighborhood at a time” (Starbucks Corporation, 2013). The company ranks 208th in the Fortune 500 list along with generating revenue of US$13,299.5 million (Cable News Network, 2013). The performance of the company experiences upsurge in the revenue but its profit earning is considerably low due to several factors such as competition from the rivals. Thesis Statement The objective of the study is to evaluate the economic, marketing and the financial condition of Starbucks. The organizational structure and the issues faced by the company are evaluated. Correspondingly, a report entailing three-year strategic management proposal to Starbucks’ managing board of directors would be provided. Economic Assessment The economy of a country plays an important role in the success and failure of a business. The global turmoil in the economy in the recent past affected the business of various companies and also affected the strategies they implement. The economic slowdown of various countries affected the consumer behavior pattern and hence affected the profit of the companies in the recent past years. With regard to Starbucks, the economic condition also affected the profitability and the market share of the company as the countries such as Greece and Spain which were like cash cow turned out to be question mark. This implies that the market share
The music video Roar by Katy Perry dawns on the woman at that point that his boyfriend is somehow selfish and only cares much about himself. However, a tiger soon mauls him as they wander about the jungle, leaving the woman alone. The initial parts of the storyline depict a confused woman left alone to face all the horrors of the jungle. The directors employ visuals to take the audience through the stages of struggles for survival up to a point where the woman realizes the power within her to be the master of the jungle. As such, one can conduct a visual analysis of the music video using a thesis statement that human beings are the masters of their environments as long as they are ready to overcome their challenges. A visual analysis of the music video confirms this assertion as shall be indicated below.To begin with, a visual analysis of the music video reveals a lot about the woman and her interaction with the jungle. The directors used color, shape, and line to bring out her turmoil. As one may see (Roar 00:00:55), a visual analysis of the music video depicts the woman as scared, confused and as in torment. The form and shape of her face reveal a reaction to something scary. She is either screaming or completely disoriented about something. Use shape and form also reveals that spiders are attacking her. This gives her creeps and sends cold chills up her spine. One may also observe that the use of color and background light have also been employed to bring out the situation in this context as Patterson (48) observes in visual analysis.
The salient provisions of the contract are as follows: (a) for Amy to arrange three (3) TV show appearances and five (5) radio interviews for the Blundell sisters, (b) to book the two sisters to Totti’s, Brisbane’s most exclusive salon, (c) to secure them a national record deal by 2012 and (d) to hold a Nashville tour by 2013.The aforementioned details should be fulfilled during the first 6 weeks of the contract, as stipulated in it. It is noteworthy that prior to the execution of the contract, Amy advised the Blundell sisters that she had entered into a lot of contracts in the music industry and that she has the capacity to “really make them known in Queensland, Australia and the world”. However, the contract is already on its seventh (7th) week but none of the provisions in the contract has been accomplished. Worse, Amy has a falling out with the head of Australia’s biggest country record label rendering it unlikely for the sisters to secure an album as scheduled in their contract.It is, therefore, the Blundell sisters’ problem what to do with the contract they have with Amy knowing that she failed to fulfil its provision and is seemingly impossible to ever accomplish all the other salient portions of it. The termination of the contract is the most likely solution to this problem.In view of the aforementioned facts, the main legal issues for the Blundell sisters would be first, to move for the voiding of the contract with Amy based on misrepresentation or to move for the contract’s termination due to breach of contract.Given the fact that the issue at hand revolves around a contract, the law concerned would be the Australian Contract Law. Under this law, a contract is defined as an agreement between two (2) or more individuals which is intended to become binding and enforceable by law. Under a contract, the parties involved would be consist of a promisor, who makes a promise, and a promise, who is the recipient of the promise.The case at hand is a type of formal contract. The main elements in any binding contract would the intention to go into a binding legal relation by the parties involved, the agreement or the offer and its acceptance, the contract’s consideration, which is a promise or an act by a party in exchange for the other party’s act or promise, and finally, a genuine consent by the parties involved.
Most of the time, the colonies have been suppressed and oppressed by their colonizers. These harsh natures pushed the colonies to adapt and live the lifestyle of their colonizers to compete with them in all aspects of things. The traditional culture of the people has been undermined. The colonizer’s culture strongly asserts its influence to exercise control and power over the colony. Thus, the interaction that rises from such a clash of cultures is a hybrid.There is clearly a very big difference as to how people in Indonesia deal with their identity. As Papastergiadis (2005) asserted in his paper that “cultural difference continues to be one of the most explosive geopolitical issues – people are dealing with it constantly in everyday life and artists are in their various ways exploring its complexity, and yet we have no coherent or satisfactory framework for addressing the moral and social problems that have been spawned in its name.” In this case, hybridity does not only encompass the international level justified by the neo-colonization. Even in a country like Indonesia which was subjected to a colonial rule also experiences hybridity on the regional and national spheres. It only intensifies the justification to the assertion that culture varies per location.According to Sumarsam (1988), the “geographical setting and their historical development, brought about Indonesia’s diversity of its people and cultures. Each of hundreds of ethnic groups and subgroups has its own local characteristic, in language, customs, and forms of organization, ritual, dances, music, and other cultural expressions.” This gives an implication that music, as part of culture, and identity, which defines what Indonesia is, has a very complex relationship. Their interplay is very complex given that there is also a strong cultural diversity existing in the whole archipelago. Jakarta, the capital has a different culture in comparison with Bali and Java.
This movie received four Academy Award nominations in 1968, including one for an original music score by jazz/pop-legend Quincy Jones. Later, more movies were made on the same theme. A TV mini production on the same theme was aired in 1996.Reading about the murders in The New York Times, Truman Capote, a high-flying reporter wanted to investigate on his own and went to Halcomb in rural Kansas, the scene of the crime with a childhood friend and co-author, Harper Lee. After months of researching and talking to detectives and the local villagers, Capote came out with his book. The book was published in 1965 and made history in the literary and journalistic world.In 1959, Herbert Clutter, his wife, Bonnie, daughter Nancy (aged 16), and son, Kenyon (aged 15) were brutally murdered by the assailants, Richard "Dick" Hickock and Perry Edward Smith. Herbert Clutter’s throat was slit and he was shot in the head. This was followed by the murders of the other two children and the wife. Though it is not very clear, it is thought that the murders were in the following order: first Kenyon, then Nancy, and then Bonnie was murdered, each by single shotgun blasts to the head. The motive behind the murder seems to have been misinformation about cash reserves in the Clutter households. Herbert Clutter was a successful farmer and community leader, a man known for his fairness, his loyalty to his invalid wife, and his aversion to dealing in cash.Herbert Clutter was a dedicated Methodist and a widely respected self-made man who had established a successful farm from modest beginnings. Herbert Clutter, his invalid wife, Bonnie, and their four children: three girls and a boy were very popular and widely respected by everyone in the village. The two eldest children, Evanna and Beverly, had moved out of their parent’s home and started their adult lives. The younger two, Nancy (aged 16) and Kenyon (aged 15) were in school and lived with the parents.