The Role of IS for The 2012 Olympics

Conclusions identified that there are risks associated with the public sector, especially in terms of visitor beliefs about potential privacy issues. Benefits to the private sector are enhanced business visibility and higher tourist/business revenues. It has been recommended to change the communications style about public sector surveillance projects and criminal databases to improve social and cultural standing with international visitor groups.On the advice of the module leader, the researcher was required to undertake a comprehensive research project to identify the requirements of various information systems in order to cope with the impending high volume of visitors that will be attending the London 2012 Olympics. This research effort was carried out so as to understand the impact of technology on business and gain an understanding of the problems involved in these large-scale IT projects.This report identifies the specific information systems requirements, in terms of usage and development, that will be included as part of the information technology infrastructure at the 2012 Olympics. The research provides how this technology impacts both the public and private sector and explores potential problems with their development, usage, and inclusion for various control agencies.Multiple databases are necessary for development and maintenance in different policing agencies that are entrusted with the responsibility of securing the public welfare and sustaining public systems. The UK police force, in anticipation of high visitor volumes, has been forced to re-examine their information systems capabilities and have improved their fingerprint identification systems. There are legitimate risks to public safety in any organized event from individuals who actively look for opportunities to commit crimes against others. The fingerprint identification database is linked with missing persons.

Military History Naval UUV Programs and NAVAL UGV Programs

Perhaps uniquely among the military department, the Department of Navy may eventually acquire every major kind of unnamed vehicle (UV) Navy and Marine Corps programs for UVs to raise several potential issues for Congress. Recent U.S. military operations in Afghanistan, Chapman (2001) stressed, have highlighted the potential of unnamed vehicles (UVs) to alter U.S. military operations and improve the capabilities of U.S. military forces. Compared to equivalent manned systems, UVs are viewed as offering advantaged in a number of areas, including the following: lower procurement and operating cost. reduced risk to U.S. personnel. low observability. and the ability to operate in placed inaccessibly to people or manned platforms. Chapan (2001) describes the major roles envisaged for military UVs include various forms of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR). communications relay. detection and neutralization of mines and other hazards. targeting. and strike (i.e., attack) operations. UVs may multiply the effectiveness of the manned ships and aircraft that deploy them by extending their “eyes and ears” and by permitting them to perform multiple missions in varied locations simultaneously. As the U.S. military evolves toward more distributed and networked arrangements of forces, UVs are expected to be served as “nodes” (i.e., constituent elements) in the network (Chapman 2001). O’Rourke (2002, p. 6) told that there might be distinctively among the military departments, the Department of Navy (DoN), which includes the Navy and Marine Corps, may eventually acquire major kind of UV, including unmanned air vehicles (UAVs), unmanned air combat vehicles (UCAVs), unmanned surface vehicles (USVs), unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs ), and unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs). Various Navy and Marine Corps officers are involved in developing and acquiring naval UVs. much of the more basic development work is being conducted through the Office of Naval Research (ONR).

Forces and Interests that Lay Behind English Overseas Expansion

The British Empire covered one-fifth of the globe and ruled 400 million subjects belonging to various religious and ethnic groups. It acted as the “centre of the world” for trade, communications, migrations and naval-military power. In other words, it had become the Empire on which “the sun never set”. 1 The foundation for such exploits was laid in the early modern period, especially the late 16th and 17th centuries. The dynamics within the Empire continually evolved throughout the early modern period. It was also subject to external pressures, such as foreign rivals, wars, revolts and economic change. This essay explores the forces and interests that existed in those times.The history of the British Empire building has its roots in the individual evolutions of the Three Kingdoms – England, Ireland and Scotland. Both England and Scotland were composite monarchies that applied “colonialist principles of settlement, acculturation and economic dependency to civilize its territorial margins and their inhabitants”. They also exhorted overseas adventures into the Atlantic during the early modern period.2England’s reign over diverse annexes of territories during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries provides the first example of empire formation. The inhabitants of these lands were discriminated against and treated to military aggression. Even the indigenous pagan people, considered as barbarians, were coerced to convert to Christianity. So there is sufficient precedence to the British imperialistic endeavors that peaked during the 18th and 19th centuries.To conquer the world, the English first needed a vision of themselves as an imperial nation. This self-image as an independent and omnicompetent country, as well as one with the potential to control other countries and regions of the world, had to precede the acquisition of an empire and so the English needed an imperial ideology before they could begin toconstruct an empire indeed.

Advertising Sales and Promotion London 2012 Olympics

The marketing communications plan for the London 2012 Olympics is one that has to entail nearly every possible marketing and media vehicle, use up each bit of rating point, grab as much market share and chalk out huge media spend levels. Doing so would not only require clear hindsight but also fore vision and tact. Apart from this, a lot of amalgamated efforts have to be put in practice before the dream is realized. All said and done, the marketing communications plan has to comprise of just about every possible aspect of marketing and media usage available in the United Kingdom.There are scores of benefits that are available for the related businesses in the city as well as the whole nation for that matter. The need of the hour is to pinpoint how the small businesses can positively contribute towards the London 2012 Olympics and how they can in return be benefited from the very same. It has to be a mutual contact, one that looks after the rights of each party as well as shares the profits thus earned. The small businesses need to be assured that their message will be relayed back and forth during the duration of the Olympics and their schemes, offers and other plans would be met to dot. [Budd, 2004] However doing so could be a big hassle for the Olympics committee (of London). But then it is very important to take these small businesses along and ensure that they work in unison. A lot of forward planning has to make way for what has to happen ultimately. Six years down the road, the vision has to become reality and for that our actions have to speak louder than mere words. We have to stand up and be counted.The Olympics organization needs to understand that the agency will do its best to ensure that all marketing-related activities echo with the overall ‘feel’ of the whole extravaganza as well as guarantee that we would live up the challenge, in fact, do more than the expectations that they have with us.

Marketing Communications Done by Toyota and Subaru

(Australian Government, 2006) Most of these vehicles were manufactured by Toyota with 22.2% of the market share. Being the last on the list, Subaru was able to capture only 3.9% of the market share. (See Table I – Total Market Share in Australian Automobile Industry on the page )For this study, the researcher will first discuss the main purpose of marketing communication. In order to determine external factors that contribute to the success of Toyota Land Cruiser over Subaru Forester, the researcher will examine and discuss the marketing communication campaign used by both companies between the years 2007 up to the present time. In the process of discussing the marketing communication strategies used by these companies, the researcher will make some critiques with regards to the method each company has decided to use in terms of: (1) setting its marketing communication objectives. (2) creative strategies and tactics used in terms of reaching to its target customers. and (3) the market positioning. Prior to the conclusion, the researcher will provide some recommendations on how both companies could improve their communication campaign.Aiming to reach out to a company’s target market, marketing communication or ‘Marcom’ is used to communicate the marketing information of a product to the public. With the purpose of developing brand awareness and create a bigger demand for specific product and services (Percy Rossiter, 1992), automobile companies such as Toyota and Subaru have been utilizing the available marketing communication mix or promotion such as online, print or television advertisement, sales promotion, or direct mail as a way of reaching out for its target buyers. (Kotler Armstrong, 1997: 428. Pride Ferrell, 1993: 485)Marketing communication strategies used in the past may not be effective today because of the tight marketing competition that is present within the domestic and international markets. (Magani, 2006)

Breaking Social Norms

Such society guidelines dictate how individuals ought to behave, telling them what is acceptable and what is not. In my breaking social norms essay, I have decided to violate the folkway social norm. What does folkway mean? What rules apply in your situation?Of course, you live with a family, which can be small or extended. And in your small group, there are transparent rules that you have learned to abide by overtime. They are not written anywhere, but everyone knows what to do and what not to do. Folkway follows the same concept. These are informal rules that are utilized to govern a society.They are different from formal written rules, which are quite common in the modern community. Even though folkways are not considered as important as written rules, they are essential in making life possible. They apply in everyday life.Choosing the Best Location for Displaying Social NormsIt is common decency for people to shake hands when they meet. Other cultures might have their way of greeting one another like bowing or kissing – it all depends on what individuals are used to in the area. In my assignment, I chose to shake people’s hands at the mall where there is massive traffic. I shook people’s hands randomly as they walked in and out of the mall.What happened was an expression of how societal standards are deeply enshrined in our culture. First, you have to be aware that community norms are preferences and do not demand to result in sanctions. So, regardless of informal positive or informal negative, the sanctions might be an affirmative gesture of brushing off the look.In this writing, we will analyze people’s reactions when a stranger greets them. Additionally, we will check out the response of such interaction. Is it positive or negative? I preferred South Coast Plaza Mall in Costa Mesa as the ideal experimentation spot considering the mall’s unique attribute.Here, there is a concierge that will inspect your bags when you are exhaustedEven better, the mall has personal shoppers ready to assist every client access the services they requireIf you have a sophisticated automobile, you can get it serviced while enjoying your shopping or mall explorationThe mall has all the biggest brands in America under one roof, which means the cultural diversity is impressive.Considering all the above factors, I found South Coast Plaza Mall in Costa Mesa, the perfect testing point for social norms.Prepping the Location for Testing Social NormsI had to arrive at the location on time (10:00 am) to make the best of the available time. It was on September 30th. I noticed that most of the mall’s population were women in their early twenties and those in their sixties. As I stood, individuals walking in and out of the mall were noticing my presence and feeling a bit strange.However, considering I am a lady, I reasoned that they would not feel harassed by my random hand gesture. I decided to make my first interaction and offer my hand to a Persian woman that had pulled out of a white escalade. I did not know whether I would receive a positive or negative reaction from extending my hand.The woman inquired if I was part of the mall’s staff and whether I would show her to the concierge desk. Unfortunately, I received a negative reaction from my hand gesture – she did not welcome it. Of course, I did not insist and immediately removed my arm and showed her to the concierge desk.Out of the first interaction trying to break this societal norm, there was an adverse informal sanction whereby the lady ignored my hand gesture. I tried a second time with a Hispanic woman with a 5-year-old son. The reaction was the same as she pretended to have all her hands tied up and even prevented her jovial son from greeting me. That was an adverse informal sanction.The ignorance I received from the first two individuals that I approached made me feel ridiculed and rejected. This was a perfect depiction of a negative, informal sanction. Luckily, I was later greeted by an elderly Caucasian woman that accepted my hand gesture. She even scolded her granddaughter for not taking my greeting. We then talked about traditions and how society has massively changed to individuals being less polite. She stated that individuals today are carried away by numerous activities and forget about being polite.What I Learned from My ExperiencesApart from the first negative interactions, breaking societal norms ended in positive formal sanctions. The lady who I successfully interacted with gave me a slight smile and commended my actions. As I continued with my experiment, I met numerous people. some shook my hand while others pretended not to see my hand gesture and looked the other way. So, what guides these individuals to shun my random greetings?Everything individuals do in life is informed by certain rules, which we learn as we grow. And the most basic starting point of learning these rules is from our households. Remember that every family abides by certain rules that can be influenced by religion or even the environment. Regardless of how different homes run, one of the most consistent things is norms. These are behavioral patterns established by a community, and they are vital because they maintain community order. In every society, even though there is the ceremonial law, they are not sufficient in maintaining a proper order.Types of Society Norms and SanctionsThere are two types of societal standards, and they are normal formal and informal. Laws that govern a society, and many other written rules are conventional standards. However, informal norms are not written down rules, but what has a mutual agreement among every person in society.Norms, although mostly informal, can be very crucial than the laws that govern a society. For instance, what elements do you utilize to distinguish a person’s looks? Is it not the color of their skin or the clothes they are wearing? Whatever perceptions you create from outwards appearance is going to determine the approach you have towards the person.On the other hand, societal control is a way for society to control positive or adverse sanctions. Whatever affirmative reaction you get when you abide by standards is an affirmative sanction. The vice versa is also true. A positive sanction can arise from someone attempting to break norms in the community for the greater good. The adverse aspect is a complete opposite of what an affirmative sanction represents.You will notice that in the society created by Vonnegut in “Play Piano?” there are numerous examples of adverse and positive sanctions. The aptitude test perfectly depicts this that the entire society takes. If you fail the aptitude test, you will have to live your whole life in the Army or the Reeks and Wrecks.

SelfKnowledge and the Heros Tragedy in Death in Venice and Salom

In particular, Mann’s notions of the genre were largely shaped by Greek influences, albeit filtered through the lens of Nietzsche. Although the novel had not yet been invented when Aristotle created his requirements for heroism in tragedy, many of the character elements he described hold true even for more contemporary forms. I would, therefore, like to study the role of tragic heroism in Salome and Death in Venice as follows: I would like to begin with a very brief exploration of the roots of the classical (Aristotelian) conception of the tragic hero. second, I propose to examine Aschenbach’s role as a tragic hero in Death in Venice in light of both classical and contemporary ideas about the genre. and finally, I would like to study the problem of heroism in Salomé, which offers a somewhat less straightforward situation.Writing in the Poetics, Aristotle clearly outlines his conditions for defining both tragedies as genre and the characteristics of a tragic hero. In addition to his insistence on the unities of time and action, the most salient feature of his description of a hero is undoubtedly the emphasis he places on the need for balance. Rather than depicting a hero as a larger-than-life figure who should command the audience’s awe and adoration, he instead stresses the need for an all-too-human imperfection. Although he does specify the ideal social position of a saying, saying that “he [must be] one of those who are in high fortune” (Aristotle 47), he also asserts that a tragic hero must be a “character… who is not pre-eminently virtuous and just, and yet it is through no badness or villainy of his own that he falls into misfortune, but rather through some flaw in him” (Aristotle 47). The heroes of Death in Venice and Salomé embody this particular conception of heroism to varying degrees. There is, however, one area in which both Aschenbach and Salomé fulfill Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero: both possess a fatal flaw (orhamartia) that ultimately leads to both of their downfalls, one that would have been quite familiar to Greek audiences. When considering the relative weaknesses of Mann’s and Wilde’s protagonists, any reader of these two works would do well to keep in mind the immortal dictum of the Delphic oracle: Know Thyself.

Second Language Acquisition

This situation led to serious misunderstandings between the Chinese and caused a diplomatic dispute that led to the Opium Wars fought between Britain and China.Language is necessary for a person to integrate and have a meaningful life in a given society. Socialization comes about when a person internalizes the norms and values of a given society (Ellis Fotos, 1999 p128). This can easily occur if a person speaks the language of the people in question.In order to effectively communicate, one has to be able to manipulate language. The acquisition of language, whether the mother tongue, as a second or foreign language, is achieved through four basic skills which are listening, speaking, reading and writing. These four basic skills form the foundation of formal education in our own time. It is the basis of literacy and the study of languages as it is transmitted through educational institutions and systems.In the practical sense though, most educational institutions have arrangements that allow people who have previously studied a given language to go, live and interact with custodians of the language. This forms the second level of the teaching of a second language.This study proposes to examine the acquisition of a foreign language in the Virgin Islands. The acquisition refers to the familiarization with a second language to understand and use meaningfully, the sounds, grammar, vocabulary and the culture of the custodians of the language (Alvarez-Sandoval, 2005 xiv).Therefore, it is critical that the “right” or appropriate approach is used by a given nation to transmit these skills to as many people as possible through the educational systems and institutions. There are several methods employed in foreign language instruction.These include traditional classroom instructions, private learning, the use of automated tools like computers and practical use and interaction with other speakers of the language.

Inequality and Poverty

The general perspective around doubters is that both sorts of imbalance have climbed in the course of recent decades, to a great extent as a consequence of globalization which is accepted to support rich nations.However, are the doubters right? What does the observational proof let us know about the effect of globalization on laborers over the globe, especially those working in creating nations? Unfortunately, a significant part of the proof stays scattered and numerous parts of globalization have yet to be examined. No study to date, for instance, has analyzed the potential effect of openness approaches on the level of racial bias in a host nation. And yet, there are numerous channels through which expanded exchange or outside immediate financing (FDI) may adjust the compensation circulation crosswise over diverse racial gatherings. This paper includes the existing writing investment coordination by examining two inquiries concerning the late wave of globalization.Lately, "poverty reduction" has turned into the watchword being developed organizations, in global giving establishments, and around improvement, economists by and large. The concentrate on destitution diminishment arrived at a high point maybe with the explanation of the Millennium Development Goals and with the far-reaching logical work that has gone with the goals. Yet, a significant part of the examination of neediness lessening and monetary improvement in low and center salary nations has either overlooked the issue of pay dispersion or has had a tendency to view wage appropriation just as far as its effect on investment growth. Poverty and imbalance, nonetheless, are personally bound up with each one in turn. Both as an explanatory issue and as a strategy issue, there are serious impediments in endeavouring to manage neediness – or, all the more comprehensively, with budgetary prosperity – without likewiselooking at wage favouritism. Indeed, it is faulty that we can even characterize destitution autonomously of pay circulation.

Cool It by Bjorn Lomborg

As of this writing, stories on it occupy the front pages of Time and Newsweek and are featured prominently in countless media around the world.” (Preface, ix) But he hastens to put a check on such uncalled for comments and observations that create fear in the minds of the people. He writes, “Statements about the strong, ominous, and immediate consequences of global warming are often widely exaggerated, and this is unlikely to result in good policy.”(p. 8) He does not wish to create a grim scenario on the subject of global warming. It is an issue, serious enough, but not insurmountable, according to Lomborg. He is at loggerheads with those who predict “that an ice-free Antarctica is likely to be the world’s only habitable continent by the end of this century if global warming remains unchecked.”(p.13)With his arguments, Lomborg succeeds in reversing the tempo of the debate. He makes light of the serious issue of climate change and disagrees with the grim scenarios waiting in the wings to overpower humanity. He is in total disagreement with the policies of many nations earmarking substantial amounts to deal with climate change. It is not that difficult to live with the consequences of climate change, according to Lomborg. Why waste huge sums on projects supposedly to counter the harmful effect of climate change? The logic of Lomborg in linking poverty with climate change is not understood. Poverty is an independent issue that needs to be tackled by the respective governments. It has nothing to with climate change. The process of climate change affects both-the rich and poor countries. Lomborg has, however, succeeded in providing a new perspective to the issue of climate change and his voice is the rare dissenting one on the subject. He has made good efforts to link environmental issues with other human needs. To that extent, he has contributed to increasing the‘temperature’ of the debate.