Concepts in Operations Management of David Garvin

Further, a demonstration of how product price, sakes and marketing, profits and losses can be closely associated with the product quality has been elucidated. Overall, this article focuses on the interdependence of product quality, cost and performance and on the company’s profits and losses. This review of product quality is based on the qualitative synthesis of researches conducted in different industries and market segments. The article provides a comprehensive explanation of product quality and its implications on overall business management. Based on these researches, the author was able to construe the concept of quality in a versatile manner that can be easily understood. another factor contributing to the affirmative approach of this study is the flow of explanation.The article begins with the definition of product quality from five different perspectives namely, the transcendent approach of philosophy. the product-based approach of economics. the user-based approach of economics, marketing and operations management. the manufacturing-based approach and value-based approaches of operations management. The author’s approach to choosing these specific perspectives explains the very point he intends to drive regarding quality and its impact on different aspects of the business. Perspectives such as philosophy and/or economics may not directly imply operations management, but have a significant impact on the overall business. Each of these five approaches briefly explains the viewpoint of different researchers on quality/product quality along with the definition of quality. The explanation also highlights reasons for origin of the viewpoint in a specific perspective. For instance, the product-based quality is attributed to the differences in quantity keeping in mind the durability factor which was one of the strategies in manufacturing. While explaining each of these approaches, the shortcomings of each approach have also been indicated, thus providing good insight into these approaches.

What Is The Free Love Movement

The movement has its different stands on the issue, which has prompted many people to wonder. what is the Free Love Movement? At a glance, it is an organization that does not agree with the concept of marriage. It believes that marriage is a social, personal, and financial prison that no one should willingly subscribe to. The movement believes that marriage is the core of many problems between people and even causes problems in the state. In this essay, I will look into why the movement is against marriage. We will expound on the issues they put forth and touch on how feminism relates to the movement’s standing on the matter.The history of the movement goes back to the mid 19th century. It is a product of the libertarian socialism of the era. It draws its name from a phrase coined by a philosopher, John Humphrey Noyes. Noyes came up with the words ‘free love’ to define a relationship devoid of external constraints and has ultimate sexual emancipation. Even though the movement has stands that vary from time to time, the primary goal remains the same. The institution specifically seeks to take back the power given to the government when it comes to controlling fidelity, procreation, marriage, and divorce. Other than this, the movement discredits the validity of marriage for several reasons.The biggest reason why the movement believes that women and men are better off without marriage is that the institution focuses on consolidating the financial, social, and emotional lives of two people. The movement back then was more about feminism because it was born when divorce and other concerned issues left a woman with nothing from the marriage. Custodial and property division rights did not favor women exiting the institution. Feminists in the movement also insisted that marriage went beyond financial oppression and became a tool to harass women sexually. Specifically, activists like Francis Barry were known to direct attack this part of the institution. In one instance, he claimed that ‘marriage is a system of rape.’ He was concerned that women in marriage are constantly mistreated by their husbands and cannot leave because the prevailing law will not cater to their interests in case of a divorce. This shows how many people in the movement support freedom. They are keen on getting rid of the traditional matrimonial system and giving people a free love tool that does not imprison anyone at all. Barry’s involvement is an excellent way to see that even though the movement mostly addresses women’s issues, it is powered by men and women alike. However, we cannot deny the fact that the Free Love Movement is specifically a feminist organization that champions the rights of women. With time, this might change as new rules put mean in the crossfire too. I will look into how feminists and their stances on the given subject have also affected the movement’s being.Feminists like Mary Wollstonecraft, who do not believe that marriage is the embodiment of affection, have bolstered the association since they are concerned about its goals. Specifically, radical feminism opposes all forms of patriarchy. A marriage that gives the man more power than the woman is downright oppressive, given that the institution is not based on gender equality. Germaine Greer is among notable feminist champions who use radical feminism to send her ideas of love and marriage home. She thinks that marriage reinforces patriarchy and has nothing to do with affection. In addition to this, socialist and Marxist feminism also does not believe that marriage addresses any critical issues to warrant its existence. Other anarchist feminists also weigh in on the matter and express their stand that marriage should be done away with. The state has no point in claiming to be standing against gender oppression yet facilitating and standing by a construct that is specifically the root cause of the evil the movement, and other strands of feminism focus on fighting. The above reasons and many more form the basis of the association, its stand on marriage, and why it thinks that it should be done away with. It is important to note that not all feminists are pro abolishing marriage. A good number focuses on other issues affecting women and is agitating for simpler and easier to implement feminism solutions. They agitate for equality in marriage and equal distribution of resources and responsibility to ladies long before they get into marriage. This, though against the core stand of the movement, has not stopped the two schools of thought from joining forces every now and agitating for a common goal.The movement rejects the concept of marriage. After all, it is already rigged against women because it is a construct born of patriarchy. To start with, the organization believes that the construct opens up avenues of emotional, financial, and physical oppression. This is contrary to the unsettled definition of love that though non-existent is unanimously agreed to be the very opposite of this. This is the core reason feminism is specifically interested in society and helps it fuel its efforts. The other reason that makes free love believers despise marriage is that it allows the state to meddle with personal affairs. This makes members concerned. A state claims to have the power to issue a marriage or divorce certificate to men and women. The movement feels this authority makes it interfere with private matters of the heart. The movement feels that this is not right. People who like each other should be free to leave life. however, they please, given that the state was not involved when the two people got to know each other. The society feels that no legislation can change their stand regardless of whether it appeases feminists or not. While protecting both parties in a marriage setting is achievable, the notion of doing away with the institution or getting the state off such a union remains a tough decision. Many laws were first instituted to mitigate passion crimes that arise when relationships based on this philosophy go awry. Amending these laws to protect the interests of all participants is possible. However, many lawmakers feel that doing away with all that progress will be a retrogressive decision that will open up more problems. Time will tell if free love proponents will ever get things their way.

Toyota Creativity and Innovation Assessment

Toyota employs its expertises in a variety of other fields such as housing (Toyota Home), financial services (Toyota Financial Services), technology communications, marine, biotechnology afforestation and GAZOO (Toyota).In 2007, while celebrating its 70th anniversary, Toyota Motor Corporation sold 9.34 million vehicles making a profit of $13.7 billion. Having surpassed in size and profitability General Motors’ and Ford’s combined market cap, Toyota is widely regarded as one of the most successful companies of the planet (Watanabe, Stewart Raman, 2007). At the same time, Toyota is one of the most remarkable examples of a company that employs innovation at every business operation, as analyzed below.One of the reasons for Toyota’s success is the implementation of kaizen philosophy. Focusing on respect for people, the Toyota Way views the company’s internal and external customers as equally important, encompassing elements of personal discipline and improved morale in all employees, suppliers and customers. By highly valuing its human capital and instilling respect among co-workers, Toyota nurtures the feeling of teamwork. Employees and management work together to identify possible problem areas, make necessary changes, monitor results and adjust their practices through suggestions for improvement. These quality circles lead to kaizen that represents the Toyota mindset of continuous improvement (Watanabe, Stewart Raman, 2007).A part of continuous improvement philosophy is Toyota’s consistency in quality at any cost. Toyota’s management doesn’t hesitate to postpone projects if they see that there are problems that cannot be dealt with immediately. Instead of risking the company’s reputation and produce low-quality products, they prefer to stop production and postpone growth to ensure sustained reputation in terms of enhanced quality.Toyota invests in new technologies and new processes and trains its human resources to be the best company and produce the highest-quality vehicles in the world (Watanabe, Stewart Raman, 2007).

Office Depot

Office Depot generated sales revenues of $15,010,781 in 2007 (Annual Report, 2007). However, the costs of goods sold and other operating expenditures left Office Depot with only $516 million in assets, which has led to decreased stock/share value for investors and has given Office Depot considerable financial challenges. This change in stock value occurred in a very short period of time. For instance, in January 2007, Office Depot per-share value was $38.00, however, today that stock price is valued at only $1.86 (Finance.yahoo.com, 2008). This represents a significant reduction which is largely based on high volumes of debt for leveraged business operations and international expansion as well as reduced sales volumes from the heavy competition in the home office sales environment.Additionally, the company currently has nearly 399 million investment shares outstanding, suggesting a highly diluted investment strategy where capital is raised continuously using stock equities (Annual Report). When high volumes of shares are on the stock market, the per-share value of the company is reduced, making Office Depot somewhat of a risky investment for long-term (or even short-term) gain. In today’s difficult economic climate, low stock prices created by high dilution rates will prevent the company from generating additional capital in the stock market. a limitation for Office Depot.In terms of cash flow, which provides a portrait of the company’s overall health, Office Depot has experienced a sizeable erosion in cash flow in a one year period. For instance, in 2004, the company maintained a $793 million cash balance at the end of the year. Today, that total is only $173 million, which represents a $620 million decrease in only three years (Annual Report). Large-scale reductions in cash flow and the stock price would point toward a company that requires an immediate change of business strategy and marketing philosophy in order to sustain longevity in the home office sales market.Additionally, Office Depot maintained zero short-terminvestments in the entire fiscal year of 2007, suggesting a financial portfolio that requires diversification to ensure that additional revenues are being generated by investment-minded activities.

The Roots of International Relations Conflict in Iraq

The detail of the statement is illustrated in the latter part of the paper with adequate supporting evidence. Introduction to International relationships: Rules and regulations play an evident role in the development of a society. A productive output of a society witnesses successful adheres of rules and regulations. Thus, the system provides the base of an efficient society complementing productivity in a peaceful environment by following legislations commercially and individually. The development of society is closely interlinked with the development of the business of an economy. The interrelation between the two in a microenvironment (Social, economic, political, technological) is that of a stakeholder. Business is the keystone that supplements the development of a society and spares funds for necessary resources to permit the development and welfare of society. Hitherto, control of power through legislation enhances the capacity of conjunctional development for uniform advancement. The point of view is attempted to be illustrated with the help of diagram illustrated below. Two way shared an understanding of Legislation The reputation, innovation, competitiveness and growth of society and business are interdependent upon corporative adherence to legislation by the two. Imbalance of each unit can cast a massive negative impact on the maturity of the microenvironment. The contemporary era is a period of rapid international growth supporting the features of globalization resulting in a constant evolution of traditional concepts. Journalist Thomas L. Friedman, in The Lexus and the Olive Tree defines “globalization’ as (FRIEDMAN, Thomas L., 2000): …the inexorable integration of markets, nation-states and technologies to a degree never witnessed before—in a way that is enabling individuals, corporations and nation-states to reach around the world farther, faster, deeper and cheaper than ever before, and in a way that is enabling the world to reach into individuals, corporations, and nation-states farther, faster, deeper, and cheaper than ever before. The origin of the study of International relations aroused from the effects of the globalization such as pluralism and regional integration. Pluralism is the political philosophy which acknowledges diversity and supports methodological metropolitans. A society can be regarded as pluralistic on the basis of the fact multicultural aspect of the country because of the residents of different tastes, values, and beliefs. (HUI, John, 2011). The thought behind the formulation of the study of International Relations was to determine social constructivism based on human awareness rather than materialism. (JACKSON, Robert H., S?rensen, Georg, 2007). Hitherto, the theories of International Relations can be categorized into Realism, Idealism, and Constructivism. The idea that resolves the scope of the three fields is the projection of the ground concept of power and its execution in the social world. Realism. The school of scholars that support realism theory previews International relations as anarchical, which studies and propose a model for the distribution of power among states. (GRIFFITHS, Martin, 1999) Idealism: The theory of idealism emphasizes law and a law regulatory body that advocates the interdependency of the entities of common interest and values and derives focus on common interests. Constructivism: This theory states that every country has its dissimilar state based on political culture, policies, and history.

Politics in Application and Practice

Politics is a universal activity. Therefore, political education requires a deeper understanding of political activity and widespread knowledge about it. Political activity is the fundamental ingredient of politics and emerges from politics. This means that politics and political activities are one and the same. Thus, politics is an embodiment of political activity (King, 1977. Pages 75 – 77).In general, people are of the opinion that politics concerns itself, in the main, with political parties, parliament, and the prime minister. As far as the British political system is concerned, this could be a fact, where the politics surround these institutions. In several other countries, politics can be found in a plethora of activities that are not restricted to the government and its institutions. Politics is involved in trade union activities. Trade union representatives or members are found in government policymaking agencies and play a role that is similar to that of a minister in the government. In some countries, religious leaders and priests are actively involved with politics. Politics can be construed as conflict management. There will be considerable disagreement between the various factions and the individual citizens. Generally, these disagreements deal with the nature of the government and its performance. For instance, in the United Kingdom disagreements arise between the Conservative and Labour parties. Therefore, conservatives and socialists are always at loggerheads with each other (Williams, 1998. Pages 1 – 7).In the context of legislative science, politics is considered to be a practical expression of enforcing wisdom and judgment. The politician uses his wisdom to create, organize, and maintain a sound legal system and order. This is the political domain according to universal principles. According to Aristotle’s philosophy, the politician can be compared to a craftsman.

The Neoliberal Counterrevolution and its Impact on the Development

The result is the emergence of a new social order, based upon the free market and private interests, as opposed to State intervention. (Dumenil and Levy, 2000).During the decades after the IInd World War, Keynesian economic principles characterized development. The developed nations such as the USA, Canada, Europe and Japan demonstrated high rates of economic growth, technological development, purchasing power parity, employment and the development of a welfare system (Dumenil and Levy, 2000). But the changing world scenario has also changed the face of development. Neo-liberal policies have pushed the world towards globalization, privatization and large-scale elimination of all trade barriers. Markets have integrated and the philosophy of capitalism is spreading across the globe, even reaching out to once die-hard Communist Eastern-bloc states. The direct impact of such changes on development has been the gradual elimination of the welfare state.The neo-liberal counterrevolution is a phenomenon whereby the developed countries of the West have capitalized on the fall of Communism and the expanding role of the media to promote privatization, entrepreneurship and the propagation of the free market across the globe. (Herman, 2006) This has produced a gradual dismantling of the welfare state and a move towards laissez-faire, capitalistic world economy.This trend towards neoliberalism has had a significant impact on development. The most significant of these is the spread of the capitalistic philosophy across the globe. As opposed to capitalism, which promotes free enterprise and a free market, communism relies heavily on State intervention and has been on the decline. Another major outcome of the neo-liberal counter-revolution is the change in Government policy, so support entrepreneurial activity, while gradually reducing its own role in its social contract with its citizens.

A Trip to the Theatre

On February 13th, 2010, I attended a performance of A Midsummer Night’s Dream at the Rose Theatre in London. The cast included Dame Judi Dentch, someone I was familiar with from her role in Casino Royale as the supervisor of James Bond. Her portrayal of Titania was as expected as she is considered a great actress on an international level. The play was a complex romp of interwoven stories that all lead to a feeling of a “moral to the story” type of ending where all ends well as is common in the comedies of Shakespeare. This production was exceptional and the historic venue gave a greater ambiance to the overall experience.story. The portrayal of Puck was charming, and I loved how he got himself in trouble all the time, but it was difficult to see the interactions of the humor with the production style. As I listened intently to the now difficult language of Shakespearian theatre, I found that the plot was as well difficult to follow since it did not come across as light-hearted. As I watched the interactions and worked to follow the storyline, I found that this heavy, dramatic production of a play that was intended to not hold such depth weighed the story down so that I could not connect easily to the characters.On an intellectual level, I found that the play was interesting in the commentary is made on the nature of love and the many aspects that help to define the emotion. As the characters interacted with one another, I found that from a practical point of view the nature of jealousy and obsession was clearly shown as having an adverse consequence. The manipulations of the characters revealed the way in which love subverts the ethical standards of an individual. I found that I understood some of my own experiences as they were shown through the eyes of the characters from this play. The philosophy of love was suggested to besomething that can change the very nature of an individual, as seen by the metaphorical transformation of Bottom into a donkey.

Managing Integrated Global Supply Chain

Just selling a final good product isn’t enough. professional customers tend to visualize their deals as a permanent establishment of sustainable partnerships, and viable networks which, if not fulfilled, can cause a tremendous loss in value and image acquired from years of consistent value delivery to 100% satisfied customers.A look into Wal-Mart’s existing supplier chain (Web page) can help clarify the fundamentals of their clear-cut expectations from the supplier base. from the lowest margin of error to the highest significance attached to quality, it relentlessly pursues a zero-tolerance policy towards non-compliance, and swiftly punishes unaccountable suppliers with heavy fines, indemnities or even termination of a contract. It brooks no controversies related to violation of its basic ethical policies, as specified in its supplier standard code which specifies norms on issues like child labor, medical hazards in the workplace, discrimination on any grounds, and lack of concern for the environment. Rolland will have to walk the talk when it comes to developing as it ambitiously likes to call itself, a “world-class manufacturer.” Clearly, the entire house has to be set in order for justifying the use of such a behemoth expression to qualify its present shortcomings. The key themes that must grab the management’s attention are discussed hereunder:Lean manufacturing is an established philosophy developed originally in Japan, that seeks to eliminate the production of 7 wastes: overproduction, waiting time, transportation time, processing time, inventory, motion and scrap (Wikipedia).

What Feminism Is

Men had more rights, and it seemed to be the most natural thing.The term “feminism” generally meant “the qualities of females during the mid-1800s. (Sally Haslanger. Topics in Feminism, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) But in a way, it sort of distinguished women from men and may have led some women to start comparing the rights and roles attributed to both. After the First International Women’s Conference in Paris in 1892, the term “feminism” came to mean “the belief in and advocacy of equal rights for women based on the idea of the equality of the sexes.” (Sally Haslanger. Topics in Feminism, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)“On the wave model, the struggle to achieve basic political rights during the period from the mid-19th century until the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920 counts as ‘First Wave’ feminism. Feminism waned between the two world wars, to be ‘revived’ in the late 1960s and early 1970s as ‘Second Wave’ feminism. In this second wave, feminists pushed beyond the early quest for political rights to fight for greater equality across the board, e.g., in education, the workplace, and at home. More recent transformations of feminism have resulted in a ‘Third Wave’. Third Wave feminists often critique Second Wave feminism for its lack of attention to the difference among women due to race, ethnicity, class, nationality, religion, and emphasize ‘identity’ as a site of gender struggle.” (Sally Haslanger. Topics in Feminism, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)No doubt, feminism was meant to be founded and rallied for by women – it was just a question of which age in the history of the world it was destined to finally be started. No doubt, women were destined to know there is more to life than what it had to offer them during the dark ages when the world was mostly the men’s world.