They have children programs in which volunteers can interact with kids, and offering direct services to other homeless persons. At the organization, there is always an opportunity that fits well in an individual’s preferences. There are many homeless children all over the city who are in dire need of someone to teach good behavior, and engage them. At BBBS, adults organize museum trips, make adventures in the urban area, or just relax with young residents in their childhood and adolescence stages. With only a residency of New York City, and a dedication of eight hours every month for one year as well as a job in town, one would qualify after a rigorous screening process. Despite the immense benefits, mere volunteer work will not rid most American streets of the homeless populations. This is because, even though many people are destitute, few often think of securing a place in organizations such as BBBS. The insignificant number of the homeless in organizations providing humanitarian services calls for the enactment of more effective laws to curb the menace. According to Swartz, homelessness means an increase in crime rate, and the spread of diseases in the affected towns (407). Voting for a visionary leader who has promised to implement anti-homelessness laws could be the best way to tackle the problem, rather than volunteer work. Swartz indicates that the formulation and enactment of city laws that illegalize homelessness and provide the destitute populations adequate shelter would effectively rid the streets of such people (409). Unlike previous archaic laws which grant law enforcement agencies absolute power to confiscate whatever form of shelter is used by the homeless, the enactment of humane laws, which provide for alternative resettlement programs, would improve security on the streets once and for all. An attempt to cart away the belongings of destitute populations by force only serves to create a bigger problem of exposing the victims to criminals and adverse weather conditions According to Swartz, the main problem of homeless populations really is having nowhere to seek refuge. City ordinances ban the erection of temporary structures serving the role of shelter, such as tents, on any piece of land (408). A proper legislation would secure government funding and support for the homeless community. Without the law, most city councils may lack the capacity to intervene appropriately due to budget shortfalls. Owing to the fact that the problem of homelessness is not usually caused by the shortage of housing, but by soaring costs of acquiring and renting one, legislation would enable the government to start affordable housing programs to reduce the number of people on the streets. Once elected into office, a visionary politician would explore the administrative options within his or her power, to press for a change to city bylaws, because by trying to stay on the streets, the victims pay a heavy price. The act is an outright violation of the city laws. Ritchie says regardless of the fact that some homeless people are fully aware of the violations of the laws, they opt to camp on the streets anyway (502). In reaction to laws criminalizing camping on the streets, the political leadership can pile pressure on local governments to review discriminatory ordinances favoring unilateral action by police. Without proper laws, volunteering work would
Indeed, if there is one reliable verdict that has appeared from the present study on personality characteristics with which every personologist acquiesces, it is that nature of a person is just as varied and convoluted as the length of the day.She kept “Ego” notebooks, with notes on a wide range of subjects that affected her inner life. In 1920, she became a founding member of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. Eventually, extramarital affairs and unconventional behavior caused her much strife with the social establishment in general, and with Freud in particular. She argued with Freud and with her analyst on basic issues regarding Freud’s theory of femininity (Ford Urban, 1963). Specifically, she believed that the male-dominated world of psychiatry was not properly serving female patients. She challenged much of Freudian orthodoxy, for example, the idea of masculinity as “active” and femininity as “passive,” and eventually the rift with Freud sent her in new directions.Karen Horney formed her institute, the Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis, with several other notable analysts, and she published several books during this period. For political reasons, those books—“Are You Considering Psychoanalysis?”, “Our Inner Conflicts, and Neurosis and Human Growth”—went unrecognized by the psychoanalytic establishment at the time because of Horney’s criticisms of Freudian orthodoxy, but they remain important works which offer a differing view of Freudian analysis (Horney, 1942).The latter two books marked a departure for Horney in that they represented a distillation of her observations over the years into general principles. She talks of security as a motivator for human behavior and of a “basic anxiety” that is the cause of “neurotic trends.”
The target market of Kohl’s Corporation is women aged from 25 to 54 who have children and a sufficient income to spend on their products. The company strategic approach is built around the convenience and price suitable for its customers. Under this strategy, the company has built its stores in a boxlike structure where shoppers can use carts to browse throughout the stores. Strategic management strategy of Kohl’s Corporation plays a vital role in maintaining the company’s profitability even in adverse situations. The customer’s taste and preferences are changing regularly, which can directly affect the business. To avoid a certain situation, it is necessary to review the external trends of the market regularly in order to take strategic actions on time. For this purpose, strategic management needs to review the internal and external environment of the company. It involves the process of job scanning, addressing external environment and trends, and identification of opportunities and threats. External trends for Kohl’s Corporation The manager at Kohl’s Corporation has to face various external trends that mainly concern the external business environment.The profitability of the company is based upon these internal and external factors existing in the business environment. The external factors of the business environment are concerns the competition faced by the company. It also comprises the analysis of the country’s economy which the company belongs to, government policies, socio-cultural trends, technological and future trends of the market. Environmental factors affect the company’s profitability because they are uncontrollable by nature.Economic factors. In the past few years, there has been a decline in the general economic condition of the country that leads to reduce the customer demand for merchandise. It also leads to reduce the sales and gross profit margins of the company. According to the case, the company’s present economic condition is quite well, and it is able to compete with its competitors, but for future perspective, the company must keep track of functional and technological changes in the retail industry so that managers can take decisions on time (Jeffs, 44). Technological trends. At present, there are various technological trends entering the retail and departmental store industry that can affect the consumer taste and preferences such as shopping malls, where various brands can open their store under one roof. According to Kohl’s business strategy, they operate their stores in three settings: the stand-alone buildings, the big box mall, and the lifestyle center. These three kinds of stores are able to create an environment that is convenient, friendly and exciting for their customers. It gives a unique feature to its business strategy. Governmental factors. What concerns the political situation, governmental policies and political system of the country are extremely uncontrollable, and it can adversely affect the consumer confidence.
Euphemism often serves the purposes of diplomatic expression. Again it serves some commercial purposes also. But the prominent authors and writers have made the most effective use of Euphemism in their literary works. Moreover, a man consciously or subconsciously uses a lot of euphemisms in his daily affairs. As Garner says, they "thrive as much today as ever." (266).Euphemism has its root in the Greek language. The Greek word or pronunciation “eu” means good, “phem” means “speak”. In ancient Greece, it was thought “to speak a name was to evoke the divinity whose power then had to be confronted" (Neaman Silver 2). As Scott Alkire defines Euphemism, “Euphemisms are words we use to soften the reality of what we are communicating to a given listener or reader” (Alkire). A man uses euphemisms to communicate taboos or something that is restricted in society. Meanwhile, euphemism helps a man keep himself in a safe position away from taboo. The use of euphemism has two sides: the user and the person for whom it is used. Both of the contexts of the user and the person for whom it is used, determine the aspect of the use of euphemism. The user, in most cases, uses euphemisms to express taboos in such a way that the listeners or the readers may decode it. According to Alkire, euphemisms are used “to express what is socially difficult to express in direct terms” (Alkire).As to the power of language, Norman Fairclough says, “Language creates reality" (172). Euphemism is often considered as one of the pillars of the modified power of language. Thoughts and feelings expressed through a careful selection of euphemism are stronger than the emotional attack in language. Thoughts may come with the bitterest expression that may offend thetarget-audience or readers. Such expression becomes more cultured and palatable through the filter of euphemized use of vocabulary. A user of the euphemized words is provided with multiple options to present his or her thought, judgments, and references to the taboo before his or her audience. In this regard, the user should have clear concepts of the context in which he or she uses these euphemisms. The most practical use of euphemism is observed in the field of politics. Recently the political analysts coined the term “Blairism”.
It throws up a complex mix of religious, philosophical, political, and psychological perspectives that critics have endlessly analyzed and argued about during the last four centuries.Returning briefly to the dramatic structure of the play, it is evident that Shakespeare had not heeded Aristotle’s injunctions on the Unities and the need to focus on action rather than character. The language is formal, courtly, witty, and uses rhetorical devices such as the anaphora (words, words, words), asyndeton (to die: to sleep – to sleep, perchance to dream), and hendiadys (the expectancy and rose of the fair state). Shakespeare utilizes Hamlet’s occasional soliloquies to inform the audience of his thoughts, motives, and his world-view, sometimes contradictory, all of which make him what he is. The soliloquies are mainly what prompt critics to see Hamlet as a ‘philosophical text’ although Hamlet’s occasional ‘throwaway’ lines, even when pretending to be mad, can also be regarded as philosophical musings. Unlike most other plays by Shakespeare, there is no sub-plot and no light-hearted counterpoint to the serious and tragic issues dealt with in the play.The atmosphere throughout is dark and foreboding. Hamlet’s garb throughout the play is described as ‘inky black’. Death makes its presence known from the very beginning. The king had been murdered and his ghost appears urging his son to revenge. Polonius, the old courtier is unintentionally killed by Hamlet. Ophelia, Polonius’ daughter drowns. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Hamlet’s contemporaries used by Claudius, as tools, are deliberately sent to their deaths by Hamlet, as a result of foiling Claudius’ plot to kill him. In the final horrific scene, in full view of the spectators Laertes, Polonius’ son, Hamlet, Claudius, and Gertrude all die due to the machinations of Claudius not going according to plan.
What makes Wilson special among the great leaders of all time is his tenure itself. Immediately after inducting to be the president, he was forced to make the ultimate decision. America was of course on the brim of a collateral damage if it continued its neutral stand for a long time. Wilson’s decision was of vital significance to America during the war. Wilson was initially reluctant to enter the war but consequently, as a result of the continental political pressure, he left the neutral course and joined the front line of the World War (Hoff, 45), (Daniels, 272). He exercised his vision of a great future after the war and emphasized the country’s involvement with the right entry. Wilson deserves a higher degree of appraisal for his policy formulation and implementation as they laid the success line for unifying American countries once again under one roof. The greatest of his efforts on framing a strong set up of public administration strategies held him high and attracted the attention of world leaders of his time and later with absolute honor. Wilson was thus in fact a role model even for his enemies in the success he adorned in public administration.Wilson’s stand was diplomatic at the beginning of the World War – I. Though he emerged as the top congressman of the American parliament, his policies were against unwanted conservatism found in the labor-management as well as the discriminative social pattern of the country (Seymour, 114-115). His speeches and power of imagination provoked the thought of commoners who accounted for the 42 percent vote he gained from electoral voting in 1912. With his special tactics and political redefinitions, he could manage to occupy a noble position in the people’s hearts. Since his focus was mainly on the progress of general workers and children, he amended the governing system with new laws of labor.As Sanders (p.67) states, Initially, Wilson did not think that German victory will be of any threat.
Conversion in temperature can affect many industries which include farming, tourism and insurance. While prime climatic changes occur because of global warming and with more environmental knowledge, this exterior factor is becoming an important issue for organizations to consider. The increasing desire to safeguard the environment is affecting many industries like the tourism industry and the public is moving towards eco-friendly products and the system affects the demand patterns and creates business opportunities. Although the Kyoto protocol by the EU, was introduced to decrease the emission of gases like CO2 to protect the environment but to increase the economical productivity, political interference is inculcated that affects environmental changes.Answer – Deforestation, burning of petroleum products natural gas and different agricultural industrial practices are changing the structure of the atmosphere and contributes to climatic changes. These human activities lead to addiction of atmospheric absorption of greenhouse gases, which includes carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, chlorofluorocarbons and ozone present in the stratosphere. Carbon dioxide is also created when fossil fuels are burnt to generate energy used for transportation, manufacturing, heating, cooling, electricity generation, and other applications. The utilization of fossil fuels accounts for 80% to 85% emits carbon dioxide to the atmosphere.Utilization of land changes, e.g., clearing land for logging and agriculture, also emits carbon dioxide. Vegetation has carbon that is released as carbon dioxide when the vegetation falloffs or get burnt. Most of the total carbon dioxide emitted from deforestation occurs in tropical regions. The utilization of land changes are responsible for 15 to 20% of the growth of current carbon dioxide emissions.Methane is the second most significant factor in greenhouse gases from human activities.
where some of the most important events of the 1970s. these events have somewhat eclipsed the historical significance of the 1960s. So which event of the 1960s is, according to me, so relevant in my life and to the rest of the modern world? I wish to put a focus on an event that took place almost five decades ago. It was the infamous Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. This event had a profound effect on the people across the North and South Americas, with the small Caribbean island nation of Cuba at the hyper-point (Axelrod, 2009). I feel this event changed the lives of millions of Americans, and particularly immigrants from Latin America, forever. This event also triggered off a series of socio-political and military events across the then mighty Communist Bloc, which sent ideological shockwaves across the bipolar world. The 1960 event of the Cuban Missile Crisis can be thought about in different ways. However, this event gave rise to the concept of Mutual Assured Destruction in the case a full fledge nuclear war had broken out between the then superpowers called USA (which is still existing) and USSR (which has disintegrated). Nevertheless, the Cuban issue continues to be prominent in the Western hemisphere of the world, and the five-decade-old Cuban Missile Crisis still influences our lives in many ways.In the USA during the 1950s, when the Cold War reached its height at the nuclear tests conducted by USSR, an arms race between the two ideological contrasting superpowers became a popular issue. Events like the Berlin Blockade had already made the situation in Eastern Europe extremely sensitive. The Communist upsurge in Cuba and the rise of Fidel Castro ensured the US people that the USA could now exercise little influence on that tiny island nation across the Gulf of Mexico. Moreover, refugees from Cuba who managed to reach the USA told the people there that how they had been persecuted by the Communists.
In the early 1990s the hardest obstacle to overcome was for economists and political figures to have the strength to change the manner in which the Soviet Union satellite countries were operating for 45 years. A decade after the transition attempts the dominant characteristics of the Eastern European countries are their powerfulness to cope with the overwhelming communist attitude and utter disruption.The role of the state in handling, providing and maintaining the social services and infrastructure began to be questioned. Ganev (2001) tries to give explanation on why the central state in post-Soviet Eastern European countries has weakened focusing on Bulgaria as a case study. Ganev (2001) characterizes the structure of the Soviet Union satellites, drawing conclusions about the dominant forms of elite agency favored in socialist party system. State socialism collapses namely because of the high-class differentiation and egalitarianism. Ganev (2001) demonstrates that the institutional legacy presented during the 45 years of socialism in Bulgaria malfunctioned both the economy and political life. That is why even after 10 years of reformation and transitions the state is still accustomed to the old power structures and matrixes that provide mostly constraints rather than opportunities. For criminals and ordinary gangsters to maximize their profits and to take advantage of the conditions, they turned into the elite class that ruled the state with golden gloves. The robust state apparatus that was supposed to be brought to life, was in fact under the incentives of post-socialist values which pushed politicians into subversive maneuvers within the infrastructure of state governance (Ganev, 2001). In his book, Ganev (2001) argues that the causes for the state’s failure are much complicated than the policy preferences for “free marketers” who attempt on a regular base to dismantle the state.
Democratic institutions are more likely to protect individual freedoms.On the other hand, freedom is something an individual enjoys. it is the absence of oppression from both government and other agencies although it should be practiced that where there is freedom, there is responsibility.Northern democratic traditions emphasize three inalienable freedoms: rights to personal security, personal expression, and political participation. In this respect, the freedom of expression of the early Americans was limited. Tocqueville stressed that "Sometimes analogous happens with nations. Peoples always bear some marks of their origin. Circumstances of birth and growth affect all the rest of their careers."Tocqueville said that America is the most democratic country in the world, and it is at the same time (according to reports worthy of belief) the country in which the Roman Catholic religion makes the most progress. At first sight, this is surprising.Two things must here be accurately distinguished: equality makes men want to form their own opinions. but, on the other hand, it imbues them with the taste and the idea of unity, simplicity, and impartiality in the power that governs society. Men living in democratic times are therefore very prone to shake off all religious authority. but if they consent to subject themselves to any authority of this kind, they choose at least that it should be single and uniform. Religious powers not radiating from a common center are naturally repugnant to their minds, and they almost as readily conceive that there should be no religion as that there should be several.At the present time, more than in any preceding age, Roman Catholics are seen to lapse into infidelity, and Protestants to be converted to Roman Catholicism. If you consider Catholicism within its own organization, it seems to be losing. if you consider it from outside, it seems to be gaining. Nor is this difficult to explain. The men of our days are naturally little disposed to believe. but as soon as they have any religion, they immediately find in themselves a latent instinct that urges them unconsciously towards Catholicism.