The Technological Innovations and the Business Strategy of BBC

Over the years, the company grew from a single person entity to one that employs people in the thousands and spans across the globe in its operations. (Briggs, 1985) The BBC is well known for its record of impartiality and independence in reporting and coverage of news events. Though there has been some criticism in the recent past about the way in which it has handled some events, nonetheless, on the whole, the record of BBC has been relatively unblemished. The BBC is a pioneer in terms of launching a global news channel covering almost all regions in the world. To quote from the profile of BBC on its website, “The BBC is the largest broadcasting organization in the world. Its mission is to enrich peoples lives with programmes that inform, educate and entertain. It is a public service broadcaster, established by a Royal Charter and funded by the license fee that is paid by UK households. The BBC uses the income from the license fee to provide services including 8 national TV channels plus regional programming, 10 national radio stations, 40 local radio stations and an extensive website.” (BBC, 2010) The business strategy of BBC is relatively straightforward. The primary revenue earner for BBC is through its license fee that averages around 145 GBP per year per household. This is the fee paid by individual households to receive the broadcast television in the UK. Though there is no fee to own a television in the UK, there is a fee to receive the cable TV. However, the world service of the BBC is funded by government and as the website puts it, “BBC World Service broadcasts to the world on radio, on TV and online, providing news and information in 32 languages. It is funded by a government grant, not from the license fee.” (BBC, 2010) The technological innovations that have been introduced by the BBC are to do with the re-launched news website that receives visitors in the millions. The BBC claims the site to be "Europe’s most popular content-based site" and states that 13.2million people in the UK visit the site’s more than two million pages each day.

Strengths and Weaknesses Urban Planning in Australia

Government and urban authorities formulate programs aimed at improving the urban environment and promoting given economic and social goals. Since ancient times, as depicted by the ruins of ancient cities, urban planning has been practiced with well-organized streets, water and sewage systems, and walls. For example, during the Renaissance, European city areas were carefully and scientifically planned to allow movement of the populace, and the city walls were strongly fortified for security reasons (Grogan Proscio, 2001).Modern urban planning and reconstruction programs were largely shaped by the events of the Industrial Revolution, especially the disorder and squalor of the slums. These events challenged governments and urban planners to come up with elaborate city plans that include water, sewage, transport systems, and other amenities. For example, during this period, people like William Penn, in founding the City of Philadelphia, developed the standard gridiron plan that involved laying out of streets and plots of land adaptable to rapid change in land use (Taylor, 2009).A new concept to urban planning and designing of transport systems is embracing the idea of sustainable development and sustainability. This concept involves adopting sustainable urban development that improves the long-term social and ecological health of cities and towns by using sustainable city structures and designs. These include compact and efficient land use, reduced automobile use but with better access, less pollution and waste, restoration of natural systems, better housing and efficient use of resources, and a healthy and sustainable socio-economic environment (Wheeler, 2004). These developments require significant support from political and government structures, as they affect many areas and institutions. Thus, they are implemented in a collaborative and communicative manner that encompasses strategic programming, decision making, and monitoring, to enhance the accomplishment of the specific goals.

Extreme Makeover as a Reality Show

“Recently, televised ‘makeovers’ – in which a member of the public is plucked from obscurity and transformed, by virtue of clever hair, make-up and style consultants, into a glamorous creature – have become popular. Makeovers have now become almost ubiquitous, with a rash of television programmes portraying the results of makeovers not only on a personal appearance but also on their homes, gardens and even their cooking skills. Documentaries that follow the progress of raw recruits into shining professionals also reflect the concept of change and metamorphosis inherent in makeovers” (Gillen, 2001). Playing to the modern culture’s Cinderella dream for a better future and our insecurities regarding who and what we are in relation to the rest of society, the consumer culture both reflects and magnifies a need for constant change through the use of this type of programming.It is through our outward appearances that we project who and what we are to other people. Studies have continuously shown that people dress a certain way and acquire certain things to try to evince an attitude of belonging to a particular subset of individuals who embody their ideals. With these outward appearances in hand, we can walk up to the ‘in-crowd’ and proclaim ourselves a member. Regardless of how much an individual resembles the idealized images portrayed on movies and in television programs, there is a clear and consistent message that the average viewer sitting at home is never ‘good enough’ to present themselves to the society they feel they should be a part of. “Indeed Smith (1990) believes that women view their bodies as ‘objects of work’ requiring attention and upkeep in order to operate well and promote the desired effect” (Gillen 2001). Because the modern-day ideals have established impossible standards of beauty and lifestyle, these reality shows have evolved as apseudo means of evening up the odds.

The Technological Innovations and the Business Strategy of BBC

Over the years, the company grew from a single person entity to one that employs people in the thousands and spans across the globe in its operations. (Briggs, 1985) The BBC is well known for its record of impartiality and independence in reporting and coverage of news events. Though there has been some criticism in the recent past about the way in which it has handled some events, nonetheless, on the whole, the record of BBC has been relatively unblemished. The BBC is a pioneer in terms of launching a global news channel covering almost all regions in the world. To quote from the profile of BBC on its website, “The BBC is the largest broadcasting organization in the world. Its mission is to enrich peoples lives with programmes that inform, educate and entertain. It is a public service broadcaster, established by a Royal Charter and funded by the license fee that is paid by UK households. The BBC uses the income from the license fee to provide services including 8 national TV channels plus regional programming, 10 national radio stations, 40 local radio stations and an extensive website.” (BBC, 2010) The business strategy of BBC is relatively straightforward. The primary revenue earner for BBC is through its license fee that averages around 145 GBP per year per household. This is the fee paid by individual households to receive the broadcast television in the UK. Though there is no fee to own a television in the UK, there is a fee to receive the cable TV. However, the world service of the BBC is funded by government and as the website puts it, “BBC World Service broadcasts to the world on radio, on TV and online, providing news and information in 32 languages. It is funded by a government grant, not from the license fee.” (BBC, 2010) The technological innovations that have been introduced by the BBC are to do with the re-launched news website that receives visitors in the millions. The BBC claims the site to be "Europe’s most popular content-based site" and states that 13.2million people in the UK visit the site’s more than two million pages each day.

Strengths and Weaknesses Urban Planning in Australia

Government and urban authorities formulate programs aimed at improving the urban environment and promoting given economic and social goals. Since ancient times, as depicted by the ruins of ancient cities, urban planning has been practiced with well-organized streets, water and sewage systems, and walls. For example, during the Renaissance, European city areas were carefully and scientifically planned to allow movement of the populace, and the city walls were strongly fortified for security reasons (Grogan Proscio, 2001).Modern urban planning and reconstruction programs were largely shaped by the events of the Industrial Revolution, especially the disorder and squalor of the slums. These events challenged governments and urban planners to come up with elaborate city plans that include water, sewage, transport systems, and other amenities. For example, during this period, people like William Penn, in founding the City of Philadelphia, developed the standard gridiron plan that involved laying out of streets and plots of land adaptable to rapid change in land use (Taylor, 2009).A new concept to urban planning and designing of transport systems is embracing the idea of sustainable development and sustainability. This concept involves adopting sustainable urban development that improves the long-term social and ecological health of cities and towns by using sustainable city structures and designs. These include compact and efficient land use, reduced automobile use but with better access, less pollution and waste, restoration of natural systems, better housing and efficient use of resources, and a healthy and sustainable socio-economic environment (Wheeler, 2004). These developments require significant support from political and government structures, as they affect many areas and institutions. Thus, they are implemented in a collaborative and communicative manner that encompasses strategic programming, decision making, and monitoring, to enhance the accomplishment of the specific goals.

Extreme Makeover as a Reality Show

“Recently, televised ‘makeovers’ – in which a member of the public is plucked from obscurity and transformed, by virtue of clever hair, make-up and style consultants, into a glamorous creature – have become popular. Makeovers have now become almost ubiquitous, with a rash of television programmes portraying the results of makeovers not only on a personal appearance but also on their homes, gardens and even their cooking skills. Documentaries that follow the progress of raw recruits into shining professionals also reflect the concept of change and metamorphosis inherent in makeovers” (Gillen, 2001). Playing to the modern culture’s Cinderella dream for a better future and our insecurities regarding who and what we are in relation to the rest of society, the consumer culture both reflects and magnifies a need for constant change through the use of this type of programming.It is through our outward appearances that we project who and what we are to other people. Studies have continuously shown that people dress a certain way and acquire certain things to try to evince an attitude of belonging to a particular subset of individuals who embody their ideals. With these outward appearances in hand, we can walk up to the ‘in-crowd’ and proclaim ourselves a member. Regardless of how much an individual resembles the idealized images portrayed on movies and in television programs, there is a clear and consistent message that the average viewer sitting at home is never ‘good enough’ to present themselves to the society they feel they should be a part of. “Indeed Smith (1990) believes that women view their bodies as ‘objects of work’ requiring attention and upkeep in order to operate well and promote the desired effect” (Gillen 2001). Because the modern-day ideals have established impossible standards of beauty and lifestyle, these reality shows have evolved as apseudo means of evening up the odds.

Writtint1

AbstractWe design an software to find optimal(shortest) path on the University of Minnesota map by using the A* algorithm. Using GUI (Graphical User Interface) to visualize the path on the map and print the list, which contains the transient nodes. It is definitely efficient way for students to make route planning in the campus. The approach supports that query the shortest path and manage the time in the campus. Maps are kind of diagrammatic form that represents physical features such as buildings and roads, and maps play an essential role in the development of civilization. Most of people are familiar with using maps to find routes and locate their position on the maps. However, it is very challenge to find a shortest path in the real world. Therefore, using computers and algorithms are efficient ways to solve route planning problems. Using graph theories to take the place of real buildings and available roads with nodes and edges, then a transportation network has been established by connecting them. Meanwhile, computer software can generate a shortest path in such transportation network. The path shows the optimal solution in the corresponding transportation network, what is more, the tool we designed should be tested against real world, complex situation in order to detect any bugs existing in it.Map is a graphic way to represent spatial concepts. A type which people most familiar with is transportation map. Map is a medium of interaction between human and environment. That is because vision of human cannot satisfied human when they make plan according to environment. An accurate map could help human to learn where they are, and make correct decision. For the record, Napoleon Bonaparte did that we owe the first systematic use of maps in the conduct of war. \cite{p2}Accurate information on map helped French Emperor to coordinate geographically expansive campaigns and discrete armies in the field. They indicate positions of enemy armies and do prediction by labelling on map. By calculating distance and highlighted important topographical features on map, predication could be much more accurate. As “a means of visualizing and managing the future,” the Napoleonic map was “the central part of an information-transformation system”\cite{p3}Technology helped map develop more quickly.  Map helps human learn a more accurate world, and also makes life of human more convenient. For example, when students join a new university, or they want to know about campus, students could use visual map software installed in smartphones to get rough idea about it. Map cannot show all detail about each building in campus but it could provide students the most accurate shapes of buildings in vertical view, distance between them and relations of positions. All these information could help students to learn their campus better. However, it is difficult for some of students to find a route between two location in a complicated campus which is with a big area, like the University of Minnesota. Current technology is able to provide students with a shortage and accurate path showed on visual map installed on phone. Besides that, its application makes work more efficient when people want to get some locations where they never been.Such technology always be called route planning. Route planning is for computing most efficient route which contains several nodes by making distance travelled or time minimum. Time could be calculated by distance and speed limiting. Therefore, the way to make distance of route as minimum as possible is the most interesting and pivotal part in route planning. As concept of route planning stated, there will be several nodes on route. The key of task is what standard for choosing next node where user can access from start location. Or what expectation to node which is on the shortest route. Absolutely, all of these needs computing by algorithm. Fortunately, There are some algorithms which are efficient for computer to solve route planning.The PNA stands for personal navigation assistants, also known as Personal Navigation Device or Portable Navigation Device (PND) is a portable electronic product which combines a positioning capability and navigation functions. The features of the 3rd generation of the PNA system include determining locations of users and indicating path planning.\cite{p4} To determine the location of users, the software will define N to represent the streets system, N contains a set of curves, which can be called arc as well, then set the position P in the transportation network. The algorithm can find nodes, which are close to P, and find a series of arcs that are incident to the nodes. Using a minimum norm projection to find the closest arc, and calculate the minimum distance between p and the line segment. \cite{p4}Since there are many nodes on the transportation network, the problem can be simplified as making decisions to nodes surrounding current nodes. \cite{p5}These kinds of problems called combinatorial optimization problems, which build a solution step by step. At a step, a single element will be added in the current solution which is partly under construction.\cite{p6}The “Least-cost”, which represents the shortest distance of the route, is also always be treated as an optimal solution in the route planning problem. Greedy algorithm for minimization always chooses one of the least cost. In the greedy algorithm, among feasible elements, the algorithm would select an element with the least cost and put it in solution under construction.\cite{p6} Applying the greedy algorithm in route planning, start with object S, naive greedy will choose an object which is closed to S. However, we do not know if the object is an element of the optimal solution. What is more, naive greedy heuristic pay all attention to current cost and ignore target object T. Therefore, advanced greedy algorithm called oriented heuristic greedy heuristic can solve the shortage. Let us represent current location is L. When it selects next object O, the oriented greedy heuristic will consider the value of the distance between current location O and target T. Heuristic will choose object O when ( dist(L, O) +dist(S, O) + dist(O, T) ) is minimum among all possible choices. \cite{p5}Instead of focus the cost of a small part in the path, oriented greedy heuristic is better to reduce total cost, which has a much higher possibility to find a route that the user feels satisfied. However, greedy has its limitation. Like real-world is complicated, if we add more constraints to solutions like avoiding some specific object, the greedy approach sometimes cannot guarantee the optimal solution because the solution might not satisfy all constraints.\cite{p7}Dijkstra’s algorithm aims to find the shortest paths between nodes in a graph. According to the research paper “Customizable Route Planning” written by Daniel Delling, Andrew V. Goldberg, Thomas Pajor, and Renato F. Werneck, they mention that Dijkstra’s algorithm still exists weakness and it can be modified. They brought up a new system that allows real-time queries, which has fast customization and keeps very little data for each metric. Compared to the previous technique, their approach implements PCD (Precomputed Cluster Distances) in their basic algorithm and starting with bidirectional Dijkstra’s algorithm searches restricted to the source and the goal. Using ACT preprocessing to pick X vertices as landmarks, and stores distances between these landmarks and all vertices in the graph to guide the search towards the goal.\cite{p8} All in all, their algorithm speedups the original Dijkstra’s algorithm to a new peak.The differential evolution algorithm (DE) is a kind of approach to find the optimal path. According to the academic journal “An Improved Differential Evolution Algorithm for TSP Problem”, the authors provide an enhanced algorithm to solve this problem. Their algorithm improves the convergence speed and optimal quality by regulating the integer sequence to the mutation process instead of using the original crossover operator. The procedures to build this algorithm are creating an initial position by using greedy algorithms, modifying the DE algorithm by regulating integer sequence, implementing Liuhai’s crossover algorithm to generate the best solution. \cite{p9}The algorithm has a faster convergence rate and can get an optimal solution or approximate optimal solution.Moreover, the heuristics search can be used for route planning. According to the journal “Evacuation Route Planning: Scalable Heuristics”, the authors Sangho Kim, Betsy George, Shashi Shekhar presents innovative heuristics scalable to solve route planning problems with very large system. They brought up the concept called “Intelligence road”, which aims to find the optimal route rather than optimal “schedule”.\cite{p10} The Intelligence road heuristic(ILR) applied to the CCRP algorithm, they modified CCRP by adding some features to implement load reduction formula. They mention that compared with CCRP, ILR heuristic makes more efficient than CCRP because it can skip many iterations that do not produce new routes. This is why the ILR heuristic algorithm can involve more complex network systems.  The project is to solve the problem that find a shortest route between two location among all nodes on the map. In simplified situation will be discussed in project, A* algorithm, or called A* search is more easy to handle and it is efficient. It evaluates node with total cost, which denoted f(n). What decide f are costs which are denoted g(n),the cost to reach the node,  and h(n),  the cost to get from the node to the goal. In mathematic, equation is: f(n) = h(n) + g(n). During selection of nodes, f(n) is supposed to be estimated cost of the cheapest solution through node n. Different from uniform-cost-search which only consider value of g, A* search is both of complete and optimal. Figure shown above contains pseudocode and main idea which is way to solve route planning with A* algorithm. From start node which is also current node, all of its neighbor node will be put in open list for choosing. Absolutely, algorithm will choose the node with lowest f value, set it to new current node.  And it will be put in close list. Then denote last node as parent node, which is for make connect between nodes on solution. Repeat these steps until target node appear in close list. If open list was empty, which means there is no more choice for solution. Algorithm will fail to find a solution. Algorithm will record g and h value of all node in open list and go back to check if there is any node in open list will be better than current node. When algorithm get the path to target node, solution is found. Algorithm will backtrack to start node to label all nodes on route by using parent nodes we set during searching.The figure 2 shows the main source codes in the the file. In the AStarUI.java file, we import JFrame from the java library to pack the other java files. Data.java, Point.java, position.java, SearchPath are Object-Oriented Programming files. The main structures and algorithms wrote in the WholePanel.java file. MinHeap.java is a helper function, which stores all possible nodes. Map.jpg is a the university map on the google maps.The strategies of designing this software are: Marking several points nearby “Northrop” in the university campus map and give them coordinate points. The Figure 3 shows the example that adding the coordinate points on the campus map. Then, searching all the possible paths in the each position, and add them in the paths (Figure 4). And the Figure 5 shows the map after marking the points and their possible paths. In the figure 6, we use the Manhattan Distance to get the g and h value, according to the A* algorithm, we were looking for the path, which has minimum f value (f = g + h). These two “Manhattan Distance” functions are to calculate the length between current position to the starting position or ending position. We defined four unit vectors to represent the direction to expand, and add the starting point in the min-heap.(Figure 7) As I mentioned above the min-heap file is a helper function to return the node, which has minimum f value (the purpose of A*). In the for loop, we recorded the node that we visited once to avoid repetition. The iteration terminates when there were no nodes in the min-heap.  In the figure 8, we iterated four directions in the inner loop, if the nodes is the end then break the loop, and to determine whether expand or not (only the node is SPACE).If the new point has already in the heap then keep updating the g value, otherwise add it to the min-heap. Until expending the node to the end point, Figure 9 shows the loop to find the path by searching their parents. In the figure 10, printPath() function, printing the passed nodes from starting point to the ending point, and showing their coordinate points.After testing a lot of examples, outputs are satisified expectation. It could find shortage path between two nodes selected. Some different conditions shown below. In first condition, ramdom output shows route from P8 to P20. At beginning, P8 has neigbors which are P0,P7 and P5. It selects P5 because it is easy to see f value of P5 is smallest. Then algorithm select P10 in same way. In selection between P23 and P22, algorithm chooses P23 because it has smaller f value. It is correct. With same horizontal distance to P20 and P8, P23 has smaller vertical distance to start and target nodes. f value is calculated in Manhattan distance which needs both of vertical and horizontal distances. Absolutely, P23 will be selected with smaller f value. And it is best solution even in reality. The route is perfect to expectation. Next we choose to test the most complicated condition, from P0 to P16. Reason why choosing these two nodes is there are more choices during search because both of them located in catercorner position on map. It is obvious that algorithm find best solution successfully. Based on condition 2, condition will test if outputs are same if swap start and target node. As results shown and route on map, It still complete task successfully. If start and target node are same, algorithm doesn’t need to find route between them. It would be treated as an error because user sometimes did mistake when input address. Output shows no route on map and reminder user input error in text output.Route planing can be treated as a combinatorial optimization problem. In selection of object, which adds in current and partial solution, greedy search will focus on both cost to next object and total cost from start object to target. In addition, modified Dijkstra’s algorithm aims to speedup the regular search algorithm. Improved Differential Evolution Algorithm has faster convergence rate and can get optimal solution or approximate optimal solution. Scalable Heuristics can solve more complex network system. All in all, Learning from existence algorithm is beneficial for humans to find more optimal solution.

Week5AssignmentGroupAtRiskSpecializationMindMap

Week 5 Assignment Group At Risk Specialization Mind MapThis assignment provides the opportunity for you to specifically plan the Final Project in Week Six by brainstorming and outlining each required component of your website using a mind map. For this assignment you will select a specific group at risk as a specialization. There are additional groups identified this week and listed as recommended resources to select from. These groups include child immigrants of Central America, homeless veterans, and sub-groups relating to poverty. You may also elect to focus on one of the groups or a sub-group of those already researched during Weeks One thru Five, which comprise the sections of your website.You will then plan your content and design of this assignment using a digital mind mapping tool, such as bubble.us(Links to an external site.), coggle(Links to an external site.), Popplet(Links to an external site.), Mural.ly(Links to an external site.), or any other free digital mapping tool of your choosing. Remember to view the privacy policies of each mind mapping option, which are linked with the Recommended Resource description for each recommended tool. If you are unable to complete this assignment using a mind mapping tool, communicate the issue with your instructor before the assignment due date.Create your assignment using the content and written communication instructions below. Use the Grading Rubric to review your assignment before submission to ensure you have met the distinguished performance for each of the components described below. For additional assistance, review the Week Five Instructor Guidance page, the Week Six Final Project description, and, if needed, contact the instructor for further clarifications using the Ask Your Instructor discussion.Content InstructionsUsing one of the recommended mind mapping tools or another of your own selection, create your assignment to include the following content components. Criterion labels from this list should be used as markers for your mind map to organize your information. A sample mind map using Popplet(Links to an external site.) is available in the Instructor Guidance for this week.Central Marker: Group at Risk Specialization (1 point): State the group at risk you have chosen as your specialization.Marker: Overview Page Components (3 points): Include notes for each required component for the specialization overview page including; the targeted populations website is intended for, associated risk indicators and implications of the selected group at risk, statistical data, and supporting resources.Marker: Strategies Page Components (4 points): Include notes for each required component for the specialization strategies page including; resilience indicators, three strategies (including one from Rubin (2012) and one team-based approach), potential/intended outcomes, and supporting resources.Marker: Resources Page Components (1 point): Include a minimum of ten recommended resources for the specialization resources page. A combination of research-based, scholarly literature including but not limited to resources included in the course work and electronic resources from organizations related to your selected group at risk are represented.Written Communication InstructionsSyntax and Mechanics (1 point): Display meticulous comprehension and organization of syntax and mechanics, such as spelling and grammar. Written work contains no errors and is very easy to understand.Carefully review the Grading Rubric(Links to an external site.) for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.Week Five Instructor GuidanceWelcome to Week Five of EDU644: Child and Family Welfare! Please be sure to review the Week Five homepage for this course to see the specific learning outcomes for the week, the schedule overview, the required and recommended resources for the week, an introduction to the week, and a listing of the assessments for the week. Next, be sure to read this entire Instructor Guidance page.OverviewWeek Five will be a vital week of learning because you will be refining the topic of groups at-risk and selecting a specific at risk group for which to “specialize” in for your website. By now, you have formed preliminary ideas of the patterns and themes emerging in your website creation of resources, programming, and strategies for families and children at risk. Additionally, during Week Five, website sharing and feedback will occur during the discussion, giving you another opportunity to make needed enhancements to build the most effective website resource.This and an early chance to brainstorm and organize the required components of the Final Project will position you for success in Week Six!Intellectual Elaboration“So you have to love the kids and make them see that they have a chance, opportunity in this country to become whatever they want to.” Jaime EscalanteAs you embark on this fifth week, consider all that you have learned thus far about what it means to be at-risk, what groups and individuals are considered at risk, and how vital it is to know of and have access to resources that provide support for those at risk. Also consider what your role may be in supporting children and families at risk as you progress in your current or anticipate profession. To summarize the quote by Jaime Escalante, we must first have belief in children if they are to have belief in themselves. It is up to the adults in this world to provide the opportunities for children to live up to their dreams and their potential.Expanding Populations at RiskAs we move further into the 21st century, the populations at risk and their needs have expanded greatly with a need for team-based decision-making. Use what was learned about the various groups at risk including those who are homeless, those living in poverty, child maltreatment and neglect, risks that put students at risk, as well as the numerous other ways one is considered at risk as featured in the text by Rubin. Unique and diverse varieties of groups at risk occupy the United States and have expanded to include unaccompanied new immigrant children, chronic poverty in isolated urban/suburban areas, and homeless veterans to name a few. To reach the populations effectively, a team-based decision-making model provides one way to support families at risk. By including different stakeholders in the problem solving process, the selection of effective frameworks, models, approaches, and strategies for interventions and support is more likely to support a child or family at risk.Team-Based Support for Populations at RiskUnderstanding different team-based options for solutions represents a critical factor in making valid and reliable decisions. Models are programs that are research-based and proven to be reliable and valid. Approaches are ways to address a given situation or problem such as using Constructivist or Humanistic resolutions. Finally, strategies are methods to assist or teach using specific techniques such as collaborative team-based approaches or Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.Rather than forming isolated decisions, team-based decision-making incorporates input from multiple stakeholders with each being experts in their own field as well as potential related sources of support. One way to gain a higher level of results and acceptance to meet the multitude of needs with populations at risk relates to forming risk and resilience indicators as learned during WeekFour. Consider also what you observed from Biotech Academy during Week Four. The learning environment at Biotech nurtured a team-based approach to decision making including that of the student and the parent as well as fellow teachers and administrative staff. Contemplate the message this team approach sends to the student at risk. The student sees and hears the belief the team has in them. The parent sees a committed team that is unwilling to give up on her/his child. When a team of caring, experienced adults are advocating for a student’s success, the student is more likely to attain that success than if they were on their own or had but one other person in their corner. Teams are more effective at developing solutions for students and families at risk than an individual A specific example of using a team based approach to support students at risk involves Positive Behavior Intervention Supports (PBIS) for students with chronic, atypical behavior issues. Research shows that a school- or team-based approach and school-wide systems approach work together to create more effective school environments and improved student outcomes for students with or at risk of behavioral challenges (Eber, Sugai, Smith, & Scott, 2002).Another prime example of a team based approach to problem solving and supporting students at risk is that of the Individual Education Program (IEP) team(Links to an external site.). Students found eligible for special education services require an IEP developed by “a team of individuals that includes key school staff and the child’s parents” (http://www.parentcenterhub.org/repository/iep/). As defined in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (2004), the IEP team consists of the parents of the child; at least one general education teacher of the child; at least one special educator of the child; a public agency representative; an individual who can interpret evaluative results (such as a school psychologist), other individuals who have knowledge or expertise regarding the child (at the discretion of the parents or agency), the child with the disability when appropriate (Source(Links to an external site.)).Each team member plays an important role in the decision making process when designing the IEP. Not one member is more important than the other—with the exception of the student! Each has information and expertise they bring to the table regarding the child and can thus, provide valuable insight as to the child’s strengths, interests and ideally, their potential.Assessment GuidanceThis section includes additional specific assistance for excelling in the discussions for Week Five beyond what is given with the instructions for the assessments. If you have questions about what is expected on any assessment for Week Five, contact your instructor using the Ask Your Instructor discussion before the due date.Discussion: More Website Sharing and FeedbackThis discussion is another opportunity to demonstrate your mastery of the first four course learning outcomes, which are noted on the course Syllabus page. The Week Five Discussion provides a second opportunity to share your website. Using the feedback provided by your classmates enables you to gain new perspectives on your design to enhance your website before you finalize it during Week Six. Before sharing your website with others, you will add two previously completed assignments: the Week Three Child Maltreatment Brochure and the Week Four School-Based Efforts: A Plan to Support Youth at Riskassignment. Also, if you have not done so already, you should make desired enhancements since sharing your website with others in during Week Three. Additionally, you will apply updates to your working definition of at risk, since much learning has occurred since you originally developed it. Last, you will add a new element to the Homepage of your website; your own mission statement as it pertains to your current or anticipated professional position working with children and families at risk. An excellent resource from Education World is shared in the Week Five Discussion description and is recommended to be used as a guide as you construct your mission statement. Remember, it is just as important to provide thoughtful, specific feedback to others in addition to receiving it. Follow the Guided Response prompt as you participate with fellow classmates and review their websites.Assignment: Group at Risk Specialization Mind MapThis assignment is another opportunity to demonstrate your mastery of the first four course learning outcomes and the fifth: “Distinguish among various frameworks, models, approaches, or strategies for supporting populations at risk.” The Week Five Assignment forms the opportunity for you to select a specific group at risk to become “specialized” in by conducting additional research on your selected group. Looking ahead to the Final Project in Week Six, you will notice that information regarding your selected at risk group have their own respective pages within your website; a) Specialization Group: Overview; b) Specialization Group: Strategies; and c) Specialization Group: Resources. Therefore, you’ll want to construct your mind map with these in mind.You will plan your content and design using a digital mind mapping tool, such as bubble.us, Coggle, Text2 Mind Map, Popplet, XMind, Murally, or any other free digital mapping tool of your choosing. Below is an example of how a mind map for this assignment might look when using Popplet. This first graphic displays each of the three “markers” for your specialization group selected.The graphic below shows what it might look like when planning the Overview page (see red box above). Consider that the terms in each respective box are the required discussion points for the Overview page as outlined in the Week Six Final Project Content Instructions. You would of course, add specific information pertaining to each of these sub-topics within each box. ReferencesBuilding the Legacy: IDEA 2004 (n.d.). Retrieved from http://idea.ed.gov/explore/view/p/,root,dynamic,TopicalBrief,3,Center for Parent Information and Resources (September, 2010). All about the IEP. Retrieved from http://www.parentcenterhub.org/repository/iep/Eber, L., Sugai, G., Smith, C.R., & Scott, T.M. (2002). Wraparound and Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports in the schools. Journal of Emotional & Behavioral Disorders, 10(3), 171.Required ResourcesArticleEducation World. (2011). School mission statements: Where is your school going?(Links to an external site.)Retrieved from http://www.educationworld.com/a_admin/admin/admin229.shtml This article from the Education World website provides a practical approach to writing a school mission statement and provides examples of school mission statements. View the website’s privacy policy(Links to an external site.). This article should be referenced in the Week Five Assignment.Recommended ResourcesTextRubin, A. (2012). Clinician’s guide to evidence-based practice: Programs and interventions for maltreated children and families at risk. Retrieved from https://redshelf.com Chapter 11: Project-Support: Reducing conduct problems of children in violent families Chapter 15: The HomeBuilders® model of intensive family-preservation servicesArticles18 facts about homeless veterans(Links to an external site.). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://fanofthefeather.info/18-facts-about-homeless-veterans This website describes 18 essential facts about the homeless that would form a background on the issue. The site focuses on support and volunteer work for the homeless veterans such as current policies and initiatives. This resource can be used as a source of support for the Week Five Assignment.American Psychological Association (n.d.). Education and economic status(Links to an external site.). Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pi/ses/resources/publications/factsheet-education.aspx The website analyzes how a low socio-economic status impacts their health and increases inequities for resources. There is also data on the school environment and academic achievement for children of low-income families. This resource can be used as a source of support for the Week Five Assignment.Escarce, J. J. (Ed.). (2013). Socioeconomic status and the fates of adolescents. Health Services Research, 38(5), 1229–1234. Retrieved from the EBSCOhost database. The article evaluates the fate of adolescents of low SES compared to affluent teenagers in terms of opportunities and issues both at home and at school. There is a major focus on the health consequences from their low-income experiences that impacts their physical and emotional health. This resource can be used as a source of support for the Week Five Assignment.Fullwood III, S. (2013, September 24). Race and beyond: Why economic disadvantage becomes educational disadvantage(Links to an external site.). Retrieved from http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/race/news/2013/09/24/75320/why-economic-disadvantage-becomes-educational-disadvantage The article examines the impact of both race and economic disadvantage on academic achievement. Resources include information from experts and projects that address the links between economic situations and academic success for families and children at risk. This resource can be used as a source of support for the Week Five Assignment.Main, A. (2014, July 30). The Central American child refugee crisis: Made in U.S.A(Links to an external site.).(Links to an external site.) Retrieved from http://www.cepr.net/index.php/op-eds-&-columns/op-eds-&-columns/the-central-american-child-refugee-crisis-made-in-u-s-a The article contains publications and information about the reasons for the refugees coming to the United States. There are also research tools for additional data and resources for the children at risk. This resource can be used as a source of support for the Week Five Assignment.National Coalition for the Homeless. (2009, September). Homeless veterans(Links to an external site.). Retrieved from http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/veterans.html This article examines the huge number of veterans who are homeless and includes a breakdown of the demographics. Also, the site reviews programs and policy issues linked to the homeless veteran’s issues. This resource can be used as a source of support for the Week Five Assignment.Reardon, S. F. (2011, July). The widening academic achievement gap between the rich and the poor: New evidence and possible explanations(Links to an external site.). Retrieved from https://cepa.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/reardon%20whither%20opportunity%20-%20chapter%205.pdf The article focuses on the parental investment based on changes in the income disparities. In addition, the article discusses the major gaps in academic achievement for students living at low-income levels. This resource can be used as a source of support for the Week Five Assignment.Tuckman, J. (2014, July 9). ‘Flee or die’: violence drives Central America’s child migrants to US border(Links to an external site.).The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/09/central-america-child-migrants-us-border-crisis This article examines the crises in July of 2014 with the Central American children with many details about the situation. There is an analysis of the connection of violence and poverty to the children’s plight. This resource can be used as a source of support for the Week Five Assignment.United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (n.d.). Children on the run: Unaccompanied children leaving Central America and Mexico and the need for international protection(Links to an external site.). Retrieved from http://www.unhcrwashington.org/sites/default/files/1_UAC_Children%20on%20the%20Run_Full%20Report.pdf This report discusses the United Nations view of children on the run from Central America. The site also provides resources and ways to get involved towards helping the Central American Children. This resource can be used as a source of support for the Week Five Assignment.WebsitesBubbl.us(Links to an external site.). ( https://bubbl.us) bubbl.us is a free digital source that makes brainstorming easy. It provides ways to create colorful mind maps and organize information that makes sense to the user. Sharing and collaborating is also possible with an exporting feature. View the privacy policy(Links to an external site.). Bubbl.us is a recommended mind mapping tool for the Week Five Assignment.Coggle(Links to an external site.). (http://coggle.it) Coggle is a free and easy way to produce beautiful notes with the option of sharing them with friends and colleagues and enhance through collaboration. View the privacy policy(Links to an external site.). Coggle is a recommended mind mapping tool for the Week Five Assignment.Mural.ly(Links to an external site.). (https://mural.ly) Mural.ly provides a 30-day free trial and a limited-use free membership in which users create collaborative online walls that help organize and share ideas. With Mural.ly, ideas can be dumped onto a flexible canvas and supplemented with multimedia from the internet or the user’s computer. View the privacy policy(Links to an external site.). Mural.ly is a recommended mind mapping tool for the Week Five Assignment.National Coalition for Homeless Veterans(Links to an external site.). (http://www.nchv.org) This website discusses the resources such as locating benefits and replacing records. In addition, the site provides information on jobs as well as resource guides for additional services. This resource can be used as a source of support for the Week Five Assignment.Popplet(Links to an external site.). (http://popplet.com) Popplet is a fun and easy way to map your thinking and even record what is outlined as a presentation to share. An example of a mind map using Popplet is included in the Week Five Instructor Guidance. View the privacy policy(Links to an external site.). Consider this mind mapping tool for the Week Five Assignment.U.S. Department of Veteran’s Affairs. (n.d.). Homeless(Links to an external site.). Retrieved from http://www.va.gov/homeless/ This website discusses benefits and vocational rehabilitation to assist veteran’s in regards to their monetary and career options. Furthermore, the site examines mental health and PTSD support that can best assist homeless veterans with their psychological needs. This resource can be used as a source of support for the Week Five Assignment.

TrainingandDevelopment

Benchmark Assignment: Training and DevelopmentGrand Canyon University: HRM 635May 20, 2020                                                                  Benchmark Assignment – Training and DevelopmentThe Force Support Squadron (FSS) has a responsibility to provide military and civilian personnel with Airman and Family Support Services (AFS&S). This is done by providing career enhancement, professional military training, and quality of life programs. The organization’s objective is to ensure its continued success during a crisis, as well as day-to-day operations.Goal: Improve Effectiveness of TrainingThe goal for the FSS is to ensure fundamental procedures are improved, once training has been revamped. Foremost, squadron commanders will be charged with ensuring their squadrons completion of duties, qualifications, additional tasks, and ancillary training. This will allow squadron commanders to provide competent training to the junior staff, thereby permitting delegation of specific duties to those under their command. The organization will need to embrace the new program, in order to allow regular analysis of the career paths of unit personnel. This will aid in determining the effectiveness of the training and improve development exercises in advancing the trainees’ career. For instance, the organization may adapt a Manpower Programming and Execution Program (MPES), to easily evaluate elements of the career development. The organization will also need to develop squadron preparation courses to help maintain members skills and keep them up to date. The preparation courses will also assist in educating the employees on new trends within the industry (Kane, 2001, pg. 37). The HR department should formulate a core curriculum, that will add extra topics specific to its mission. Additionally, the use of performance appraisal techniques such as 360-Degree Feedback and Management by Objectives will give an advantage, allowing commanders access to each member progress. Therefore, giving them data to inform members of a need for additional training, or if their progress is satisfactory.Process and Procedures Training Improvement PlanThe way ahead for training exercises will involve various actions. To start with, the trainers will perform a gap analysis through various approaches such as questionnaires and interviews. This will help in comprehending the current state of employees’ skills and match them to the anticipated level. With the help of the gap analysis, the trainers will develop a list of training needs and choices, and then compare them to the organization’s objectives and priorities. To make sure that the training is effective, they will create a list of training requirements for each employee, department, and finally the unit as a whole. Secondly, the trainers will gather employee data, for instance; individuals’ academic levels and use it to develop an operational training program. By having a plan, the trainers will be able to document training strategies that are useful for future reference. Planning will also aid the trainer in organizing the “need resources” that are important for the training program. More importantly, the trainers will focus on shaping employees’ behavior through rewards. Such as bonuses and leave, which in turn will motivate them into being productive.The training process will also incorporate the following activities. The first activity will entail providing diverse training approaches to fulfill the multiple requirements for employees. Secondly, HR will develop relationships with trainees to build a positive training experience, (Kadiresan, Selamat, Ramendran, & Mohamed, 2015, pg.164). The trainer will also allow room for questions and supplemental materials, which will assist the employees in acquiring a broader knowledge. Furthermore, the trainer will incorporate various online options that will cater to multiple learning styles.Expected Outcome How Utilize Improved TrainingEmployee training and development is an important aspect of the wellbeing and success of the organization. Through staff training and development, the human resource department will equip workers with a vast knowledge that can help them adapt to diverse circumstances. After the training, communication is expected to grow and aid in effectiveness and be a resource within the organization. In essence communication will be the linchpin to the squadrons refocusing effort. The FSS will also expect to have more educated commanders and functional communities, that can provide real world resource smart solutions for consideration (Ausink, Matthew, Coley, & Lim, 2018, pg. 6). These strategies will drive successful results and improve employee performance, being that the focus is on finding, attracting, recruiting, training, developing, maintaining, promoting, and growing members in detail. Such strategies will help the organization to improve its activities and overall performance. This in turn, will have a beneficial effect on the organizations enhanced reputation, which will be manifested in positive customer reviews. The combined unit talents began to play a significant role in the formation of goodwill (good reputation) of the squadron and the base as a whole. Successful talent management practices permit a long-term competitive advantage and increases the innovation process. How the Organization will Provide SupportNew Hire ProceduresThe organization will offer support to new workers receiving training in several ways. For starters, they will be provided with a checklist with a breakdown of task required over the next 90 days. Next, the trainers will orient them by providing an overview of the task and show them various aspects of the job. Trainers will then demonstrate how to perform the job, as well as explain why it is completed a certain way. After the explanation and demonstration portion, the new employees will be allowed to demonstrate what they have learned. Being a new worker, they will need to explain to the trainers how to perform a task before actually competing it. In case of errors, the trainers will take the time to correct and guide them throughout the task again. Finally, they will be allowed to take up their roles under the supervision of the long-term employees, who will ensure that they are proficient. This support considers strengths and weaknesses within the organization since it encourages the use of an external recruitment strategy. The requirement strategy is essential since it promotes the hiring of employees with a diverse set of expertise, discourages internal conflicts, ensures employment of qualified individuals, and makes work easier when it comes to selecting candidates from a large pool of applicants (Blanchard & Simmering, n. d.).ReferencesAusink, J. A., Matthews, M., Conley, R. E., & Lim, N. (2018).Improving the effectiveness of Air Force Squadron commanders: Assessing Squadron commander responsibilities,
preparation, and resources. RAND Corporation.Blanchard, P. N., & Simmering, M. J. (n. d.). Training delivery methods. Encyclopedia of management. Reference for Business.https://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Tr-Z/Training-Delivery-Methods.htmlKadiresan, V., Selamat, M. H., Selladurai, S., Ramendran, C. S., & Mohamed, R. K. M. H.     (2015). Performance appraisal and training and development of human resource  
management practices (HRM) on organizational commitment and turnover  intention.Asian Social Science,11(24), 162.Kane, T. M. (2001).Military logistics and strategic performance(Vol. 1). Psychology Press.

Task2Instructions

In this task, you will address the real-world business situation that you identified in task 1. Using relevant data you have gathered, analyze the data and recommend a solution. This recommendation will be included in a report that you will write, summarizing the key details of your analysis. Note: You must successfully pass task 1 before work on task 2 is started. Approved data analysis techniques for this task include the following: Recommended Analysis Techniques: regression (linear regression, multiple regression, or logistic regression) time series or trend analysis (regression, exponential smoothing, or moving average) chi-square t-test ANOVA crossover analysis break-even analysisAdditional Approved Analysis Techniques: statistical process control linear programming decision tree simulationRequirementsCreate a report (suggested length of 4 written pages) by doing the following: Summarize the real-world business situation you identified in task 1. Report the data you collected, relevant to the business situation, by doing the following: Describe the relevant data you collected. Create an appropriate graphical display (e.g., bar chart, scatter plot, line chart, or histogram) of the data you collected. Note: This display should be a summary or representation of your data, not raw data. Report how you analyzed the data using an analysis technique from the given list by doing the following: Describe an appropriate analysis technique that you used to analyze the data. Include the output and any calculations of the analysis you performed. Note: The output should include the output from the software you used to perform the analysis. Justify why you chose this analysis technique. Summarize the implications of your data analysis by doing the following: Discuss the results of your data analysis. Discuss the limitation(s) of your data analysis. Recommend a course of action based on your results. Note: Your recommendation should focus on the results of your analytic technique output from part C2. When you use sources to support ideas and elements in a paper or project, provide acknowledgement of source information for any content that is quoted, paraphrased, or summarized. Acknowledgement of source information includes in-text citation noting specifically where in the submission the source is used and a corresponding reference, which includes the following: author date title location of information (e.g., publisher, journal, or website URL)