Such society guidelines dictate how individuals ought to behave, telling them what is acceptable and what is not. In my breaking social norms essay, I have decided to violate the folkway social norm. What does folkway mean? What rules apply in your situation?Of course, you live with a family, which can be small or extended. And in your small group, there are transparent rules that you have learned to abide by overtime. They are not written anywhere, but everyone knows what to do and what not to do. Folkway follows the same concept. These are informal rules that are utilized to govern a society.They are different from formal written rules, which are quite common in the modern community. Even though folkways are not considered as important as written rules, they are essential in making life possible. They apply in everyday life.Choosing the Best Location for Displaying Social NormsIt is common decency for people to shake hands when they meet. Other cultures might have their way of greeting one another like bowing or kissing – it all depends on what individuals are used to in the area. In my assignment, I chose to shake people’s hands at the mall where there is massive traffic. I shook people’s hands randomly as they walked in and out of the mall.What happened was an expression of how societal standards are deeply enshrined in our culture. First, you have to be aware that community norms are preferences and do not demand to result in sanctions. So, regardless of informal positive or informal negative, the sanctions might be an affirmative gesture of brushing off the look.In this writing, we will analyze people’s reactions when a stranger greets them. Additionally, we will check out the response of such interaction. Is it positive or negative? I preferred South Coast Plaza Mall in Costa Mesa as the ideal experimentation spot considering the mall’s unique attribute.Here, there is a concierge that will inspect your bags when you are exhaustedEven better, the mall has personal shoppers ready to assist every client access the services they requireIf you have a sophisticated automobile, you can get it serviced while enjoying your shopping or mall explorationThe mall has all the biggest brands in America under one roof, which means the cultural diversity is impressive.Considering all the above factors, I found South Coast Plaza Mall in Costa Mesa, the perfect testing point for social norms.Prepping the Location for Testing Social NormsI had to arrive at the location on time (10:00 am) to make the best of the available time. It was on September 30th. I noticed that most of the mall’s population were women in their early twenties and those in their sixties. As I stood, individuals walking in and out of the mall were noticing my presence and feeling a bit strange.However, considering I am a lady, I reasoned that they would not feel harassed by my random hand gesture. I decided to make my first interaction and offer my hand to a Persian woman that had pulled out of a white escalade. I did not know whether I would receive a positive or negative reaction from extending my hand.The woman inquired if I was part of the mall’s staff and whether I would show her to the concierge desk. Unfortunately, I received a negative reaction from my hand gesture – she did not welcome it. Of course, I did not insist and immediately removed my arm and showed her to the concierge desk.Out of the first interaction trying to break this societal norm, there was an adverse informal sanction whereby the lady ignored my hand gesture. I tried a second time with a Hispanic woman with a 5-year-old son. The reaction was the same as she pretended to have all her hands tied up and even prevented her jovial son from greeting me. That was an adverse informal sanction.The ignorance I received from the first two individuals that I approached made me feel ridiculed and rejected. This was a perfect depiction of a negative, informal sanction. Luckily, I was later greeted by an elderly Caucasian woman that accepted my hand gesture. She even scolded her granddaughter for not taking my greeting. We then talked about traditions and how society has massively changed to individuals being less polite. She stated that individuals today are carried away by numerous activities and forget about being polite.What I Learned from My ExperiencesApart from the first negative interactions, breaking societal norms ended in positive formal sanctions. The lady who I successfully interacted with gave me a slight smile and commended my actions. As I continued with my experiment, I met numerous people. some shook my hand while others pretended not to see my hand gesture and looked the other way. So, what guides these individuals to shun my random greetings?Everything individuals do in life is informed by certain rules, which we learn as we grow. And the most basic starting point of learning these rules is from our households. Remember that every family abides by certain rules that can be influenced by religion or even the environment. Regardless of how different homes run, one of the most consistent things is norms. These are behavioral patterns established by a community, and they are vital because they maintain community order. In every society, even though there is the ceremonial law, they are not sufficient in maintaining a proper order.Types of Society Norms and SanctionsThere are two types of societal standards, and they are normal formal and informal. Laws that govern a society, and many other written rules are conventional standards. However, informal norms are not written down rules, but what has a mutual agreement among every person in society.Norms, although mostly informal, can be very crucial than the laws that govern a society. For instance, what elements do you utilize to distinguish a person’s looks? Is it not the color of their skin or the clothes they are wearing? Whatever perceptions you create from outwards appearance is going to determine the approach you have towards the person.On the other hand, societal control is a way for society to control positive or adverse sanctions. Whatever affirmative reaction you get when you abide by standards is an affirmative sanction. The vice versa is also true. A positive sanction can arise from someone attempting to break norms in the community for the greater good. The adverse aspect is a complete opposite of what an affirmative sanction represents.You will notice that in the society created by Vonnegut in “Play Piano?” there are numerous examples of adverse and positive sanctions. The aptitude test perfectly depicts this that the entire society takes. If you fail the aptitude test, you will have to live your whole life in the Army or the Reeks and Wrecks.
In particular, Mann’s notions of the genre were largely shaped by Greek influences, albeit filtered through the lens of Nietzsche. Although the novel had not yet been invented when Aristotle created his requirements for heroism in tragedy, many of the character elements he described hold true even for more contemporary forms. I would, therefore, like to study the role of tragic heroism in Salome and Death in Venice as follows: I would like to begin with a very brief exploration of the roots of the classical (Aristotelian) conception of the tragic hero. second, I propose to examine Aschenbach’s role as a tragic hero in Death in Venice in light of both classical and contemporary ideas about the genre. and finally, I would like to study the problem of heroism in Salomé, which offers a somewhat less straightforward situation.Writing in the Poetics, Aristotle clearly outlines his conditions for defining both tragedies as genre and the characteristics of a tragic hero. In addition to his insistence on the unities of time and action, the most salient feature of his description of a hero is undoubtedly the emphasis he places on the need for balance. Rather than depicting a hero as a larger-than-life figure who should command the audience’s awe and adoration, he instead stresses the need for an all-too-human imperfection. Although he does specify the ideal social position of a saying, saying that “he [must be] one of those who are in high fortune” (Aristotle 47), he also asserts that a tragic hero must be a “character… who is not pre-eminently virtuous and just, and yet it is through no badness or villainy of his own that he falls into misfortune, but rather through some flaw in him” (Aristotle 47). The heroes of Death in Venice and Salomé embody this particular conception of heroism to varying degrees. There is, however, one area in which both Aschenbach and Salomé fulfill Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero: both possess a fatal flaw (orhamartia) that ultimately leads to both of their downfalls, one that would have been quite familiar to Greek audiences. When considering the relative weaknesses of Mann’s and Wilde’s protagonists, any reader of these two works would do well to keep in mind the immortal dictum of the Delphic oracle: Know Thyself.
This situation led to serious misunderstandings between the Chinese and caused a diplomatic dispute that led to the Opium Wars fought between Britain and China.Language is necessary for a person to integrate and have a meaningful life in a given society. Socialization comes about when a person internalizes the norms and values of a given society (Ellis Fotos, 1999 p128). This can easily occur if a person speaks the language of the people in question.In order to effectively communicate, one has to be able to manipulate language. The acquisition of language, whether the mother tongue, as a second or foreign language, is achieved through four basic skills which are listening, speaking, reading and writing. These four basic skills form the foundation of formal education in our own time. It is the basis of literacy and the study of languages as it is transmitted through educational institutions and systems.In the practical sense though, most educational institutions have arrangements that allow people who have previously studied a given language to go, live and interact with custodians of the language. This forms the second level of the teaching of a second language.This study proposes to examine the acquisition of a foreign language in the Virgin Islands. The acquisition refers to the familiarization with a second language to understand and use meaningfully, the sounds, grammar, vocabulary and the culture of the custodians of the language (Alvarez-Sandoval, 2005 xiv).Therefore, it is critical that the “right” or appropriate approach is used by a given nation to transmit these skills to as many people as possible through the educational systems and institutions. There are several methods employed in foreign language instruction.These include traditional classroom instructions, private learning, the use of automated tools like computers and practical use and interaction with other speakers of the language.
The general perspective around doubters is that both sorts of imbalance have climbed in the course of recent decades, to a great extent as a consequence of globalization which is accepted to support rich nations.However, are the doubters right? What does the observational proof let us know about the effect of globalization on laborers over the globe, especially those working in creating nations? Unfortunately, a significant part of the proof stays scattered and numerous parts of globalization have yet to be examined. No study to date, for instance, has analyzed the potential effect of openness approaches on the level of racial bias in a host nation. And yet, there are numerous channels through which expanded exchange or outside immediate financing (FDI) may adjust the compensation circulation crosswise over diverse racial gatherings. This paper includes the existing writing investment coordination by examining two inquiries concerning the late wave of globalization.Lately, "poverty reduction" has turned into the watchword being developed organizations, in global giving establishments, and around improvement, economists by and large. The concentrate on destitution diminishment arrived at a high point maybe with the explanation of the Millennium Development Goals and with the far-reaching logical work that has gone with the goals. Yet, a significant part of the examination of neediness lessening and monetary improvement in low and center salary nations has either overlooked the issue of pay dispersion or has had a tendency to view wage appropriation just as far as its effect on investment growth. Poverty and imbalance, nonetheless, are personally bound up with each one in turn. Both as an explanatory issue and as a strategy issue, there are serious impediments in endeavouring to manage neediness – or, all the more comprehensively, with budgetary prosperity – without likewiselooking at wage favouritism. Indeed, it is faulty that we can even characterize destitution autonomously of pay circulation.
As of this writing, stories on it occupy the front pages of Time and Newsweek and are featured prominently in countless media around the world.” (Preface, ix) But he hastens to put a check on such uncalled for comments and observations that create fear in the minds of the people. He writes, “Statements about the strong, ominous, and immediate consequences of global warming are often widely exaggerated, and this is unlikely to result in good policy.”(p. 8) He does not wish to create a grim scenario on the subject of global warming. It is an issue, serious enough, but not insurmountable, according to Lomborg. He is at loggerheads with those who predict “that an ice-free Antarctica is likely to be the world’s only habitable continent by the end of this century if global warming remains unchecked.”(p.13)With his arguments, Lomborg succeeds in reversing the tempo of the debate. He makes light of the serious issue of climate change and disagrees with the grim scenarios waiting in the wings to overpower humanity. He is in total disagreement with the policies of many nations earmarking substantial amounts to deal with climate change. It is not that difficult to live with the consequences of climate change, according to Lomborg. Why waste huge sums on projects supposedly to counter the harmful effect of climate change? The logic of Lomborg in linking poverty with climate change is not understood. Poverty is an independent issue that needs to be tackled by the respective governments. It has nothing to with climate change. The process of climate change affects both-the rich and poor countries. Lomborg has, however, succeeded in providing a new perspective to the issue of climate change and his voice is the rare dissenting one on the subject. He has made good efforts to link environmental issues with other human needs. To that extent, he has contributed to increasing the‘temperature’ of the debate.
Alien Relative The short story “Alien Relative” by Amy Tan tells the story of a family emigrating from China to America. The narrator details how she and Hulan had been friends in China and Hulan had helped her during her first marriage to a man she describes only as “bad” (Tan, 1993, p.617). To repay this debt, the narrator and her husband arrange for Hulan, her husband, and three children to come to America and send them the money for five plane tickets (Tan, 1993). However, Hulan and her husband encounter difficulties that force them to spend some of the money for the tickets and have to leave their middle child, “Feng-Yi Frank”, in Formosa, with Hulan promising her son “I will never forget you, never lose you” before leaving him with his “grandmother” (Tan, 1993, p.621). Although the narrator tells immigration that Hulan is her sister, she is not actually related to the narrator, just like the “grandmother” Hulan and her husband leave Feng-Yi Frank with “was not even the real grandmother” (Tan, 1993, p.622). Hulan, her husband, and her two remaining children leave Formosa the same night they leave Feng-Yi Frank with his grandmother and fly to America, assuming they will be able to send for Feng-Yi Frank right away (Tan, 1993). The fake grandmother takes him back to China and it winds up taking them eleven years to arrange for him to come to America (Tan, 1993). When he arrives, he is no longer the six year old boy they left behind, but a young man of seventeen years (Tan, 1993). He is an alien to the country he has just arrived in and an alien to his family, having been separated from them for so many years. Although Hulan does not recognize her son, “he stared right at his mother, nobody else”, a familiar stranger, remembering that his parents had left him behind although he does not discuss it (Tan, 1993, p.624). Reference Tan, A. (1993). Alien Relative. In D. Roen, G. Glau, B. Maid (Eds.), The Brief McGraw-Hill Guide: Writing for College, Writing for Life (pp. 617-625). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill
Relationship MattersExercise oneI was welcomed into this world by loving couple who happened to be my parents. Mum and Dad showed me compassion. I started learning many things while growing up. Much of the learning was done through observation. Firstly, I could see clearly that my mother was very different from my father. The differences were observed in their voices and body shapes. My parents introduced me to their religious beliefs and culture. In my youth, I learnt that men could only marry women and not their fellow men.That would be the main relationship rule. Our religious leaders made that point clear and declared homosexuality to be a sin before the almighty.In our family setting, I observed that my mother always did the cooking and laundry. Father would go away for a whole day and come back home in the evening and at times, during the night. My father’s role was to work hard and put food on the table[Rig11]. On the other hand, my mother’s role was to take care of us by feeding us and ensuring that everything is orderly. Those are but some of the gender scripts that my parents followed. Thinking about my relationship, there are ways that I seek to follow the scripts that I learnt while growing up. First and foremost, I strongly believe that a man should provide for his family and a woman should take care of the household. However, there are ways that I am writing new scripts. For instance, I do not believe that men should make all the decisions in the family without consulting their wives. In our family, my father would make all the decisions without consulting us. That is one of the scripts that I seek to change. I will endeavor to be consulting my wife when making any decisions.The goal for me and my wife is to have a sense of egalitarianism in future. By consulting my partner during the decision making processes, I would show that I do respect my partner’s decisions. That way, I would achieve equality in our relationship.Exercise Two.LGBT people face several types of micro aggressions. Many people use transphobic terminologies to describe the LGBT people. Such terminologies include: “homo”, “tranny”, “she-male” etc. some rappers unapologetically use the term “faggot” while referring to this group of people. The situation may be worse if an LGBT person is not a white man or woman. Other terms such as “niggers” accompany the other ugly terms and this add insult to injury. LGBT people from different cultures face the endorsement of heteronormative behaviors. The culture and religion, dictates how a man or a woman should behave. For instance, after Lorenzo changes his gender, he is still being expected to live like a man. Since he is in a catholic community, he has to subscribe to the machismo gender role[Nad13]. This is a micro aggression because he is expected to live in a way that causes some discomfort for him. The other micro aggression that is faced by the LGBT people is the denial of the body privacy. In the same case of Lorenzo, his family keeps asking him about his genitalia. Therefore, such an incident can be termed as the denial of body privacy[Nad13]. The situation is worse-off when an LGBT person is disabled in some way. Many people assume that any LGBT person is abnormal. Therefore, when such a person develops some disabilities, the theories are confirmed. For instance, Marcia a disabled LGBT person feels that her female crushes reject her because she is disabled. This makes her feel hurt and invalidated[Nad13].Personally, I feel that the micro aggressions occurring in the LGBT community are worse than those occurring in the general society. \ReferencesRig11: , (Riggle Rostosky, 2011), Nad13: , (Nadal, 2013, p. 48),
The Mexican Bishop in Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz’s Reply to Sor Filotea de la Cruz is placed in Eighth circle, Agathocles in Niccolo Machiavelli’s The Prince, in the second ring of the Ninth Circle, and Chaplain in Brecht’s Mother Courage her Children, in first ring in the Dante’s Seventh circle of hell. The bishop in Sor Filotea de la Cruz belongs to Dante’s Eighth Circle of Hell. Also referred to as Malebolge, the eighth circle has different evil pockets or pouches- divisions of the circle separated by folds of the earth (Alighieri, Dante and Peabody 4). In particular, the Bishop belongs to the sixth pouch, where hypocrites are placed. The bishop is a great hypocrite since he pretends to be impressed by Sor Juana’s criticism of Antonio de Vieira only to turn against her. The bishop deceives Sor Juana to put her criticism in writing but later publishes the critique under an offending pen name. He also included a letter that condemned Sor Juana’s intellectualism as a woman. Bishop’s hypocrisy is also manifested in his defense for the teachings of the church: Sor Juana defends the right of women to have equal access to education and relentlessly condemns the church for its role of keeping women uneducated. She also provides her accounts of lifelong struggles with education in a community where learning among women is not favored (Brecht and Kushner 39). However, the Bishop is aware of the importance of education but still campaigns against Sor Juana’s articulations in the pretext of abuse of patriarchal policies of the church. The Chaplain in Brecht’s Mother Courage her Children belongs to the first ring in Dante’s Seventh circle of hell. This is where those who were violent against others are housed.
What is forgotten is the communist government of Russia was only influenced by Marxs theories as interpreted by Lenin. This essay will examine using the Marxist approach to the study of politics and policy: It will also explain why this approach does not constitute the mainstream approach to studies of politics and policyThe first myth about Marxism is that all communist countries follow Marx’s theories explicitly. This is absolutely not true. First, a definition of Marxism is required. Marx exposed a few basic concepts, not just relating to politics. A few concepts are:1) Mode of production- Mode of production is productive forces like human labor, equipment, buildings, technologies, tools, relations between social classes, and anything that produces work or an outcome.3) Superstructure- The superstructure is at the top of the base. The superstructure is a social ideology. A society ideology includes political, legal, and religious systems. The base creates the superstructure. The base and superstructure have a dialectical relationship.5) Ideology- Because a ruling or elite class dictates society’s means of production, it also dictates society’s superstructure. The superstructure reflects the ruling class’s interests, not society as a whole. This makes societal ideology vital because a false consciousness can be formed or confusion of minority groups, like the false notion that labor is capital.6) Political economy- Political economy, at first, meant the study of production conditions of new capitalist systems. Then the political economy started studying the workings of human activity in organizing material, plus the mechanism of distributing excess or handling the deficit result. This study includes looking at production and capital, and how this is transformed into economic activity.7) Historical materialism- Historical materialism was never a termed used by Marx, but formed because of his theories and writing. Basically historical materialism is the study into causes of changes and developments in societies concerning the way humans collectively make the means to live through economic and every aspect of the economic base.
Then, it will trace how Gilman uses this story as meta-fiction to draw in the reader in the same way as the yellow wallpaper gets the narrator involved with it. Gilman’s commentary on the act of writing itself presented as the subtext in this story will also be explored. The story begins with the narrator stating that she and her husband are ‘mere ordinary people’ who have had the rare opportunity of renting out an ancestral house for the summer. However, in the very next line, she declares ‘I would call it a haunted house’ and that there was ‘something queer about it.’ These phrases give the reader a clue that like the house she describes, the narrator herself is not quite what she seems at first sight. Under the facade of normalcy, there is visible a tendency towards ‘romantic felicity’ which sets the stage for what will take place next. The numerous asides in the first few passages again reflect the narrator’s uncertain identity. … Apart from the sentence structure, the style of writing too is quite high-strung in nature. Words are italicized for emphasis frequently (delicious, draught, etc.) and exclamations and interrogative sentences are liberally used. For instance: John is a physician, and perhaps — (I would not say it to a living soul, of course, but this is dead paper and a great relief to my mind) — perhaps that is one reason I do not get well faster (Gilman 1). It can be noted here that she also uses personification and attribution of qualities of life to inanimate objects. Here, she calls paper ‘dead’. She goes on to say later how ‘I never saw so much expression in an inanimate thing before, and we all know how much expression they have!’ This unusual attribution of human or lively characteristics to objects brings the reader’s attention to the gradual change in her perception of reality through the literary device of personification or anthropomorphism. The text gradually gets more incoherent as the narrator begins to reveal how desperate she is to write and how it is forbidden to her. Her story gets abruptly halted at certain junctions: No wonder the children hated it! I should hate it myself if I had to live in this room long. There comes John, and I must put this away, — he hates to have me write a word (Gilman 2). And, I can see a strange, provoking, formless sort of figure, that seems to skulk about behind that silly and conspicuous front design. There’s sister on the stairs! (Gilman 4). Apart from the sudden breaks in writing, the sentences also get shorter and progressively more uncaring of syntax or grammar. In the entry after the one mentioning Fourth of July, the narrator begins with: ‘I don’t know why I should write this. I don’t want to.