Diversity Training

The importance of diversity as an integrated element in the corporate strategy rests on the fact that operating from the premise that a corporate culture that is supportive of a diversity of thought, perspective, and experience, enables a business organization to attract, motivate and retain the best employees and talent in an equally diverse global workforce. We see the efficacy of this strategy in the success stories of companies such as Hewlett-Packard, who have benefited by leading its sector in terms of innovation, competitive advantage and profitability. According to Susan Segal-Horn, diversity also exposes an organization and the workplace to multiple stimuli that allow it to develop diverse capabilities and provides it with a broader learning opportunity than is available in a work environment without it. (p. 335)Enforcing diversity training enables teamwork among the workforce that would produce and encourage a group capable of asking new questions, perceive new insights and conceive new solutions. Here, being different is not something to be ashamed about but, in fact, something that is to be valued. With the training, employees are acquainted with this concept and expected to change their attitude towards diversity and tolerance. Indeed, it would be very difficult for a group to think about new ideas, think new thoughts, visions and mental models of how things work when members all share the same profile, background, thinking styles and experiences. Writing in this context, Robert Johnson and Douglas Bate, stated:An “outsider” added to this group will likely introduce a new way of looking at something, which will help the group break out their old patterns and consider new ideas. When the entire group is made up of “outsiders,” the possibilities for new thinking increase exponentially and expertise on the team will significantly enhance the group’s creative potential.

Small Group Communication iMacChat

So significant are the changes that a specific set of rules, referred to as “netiquette”, had to be established in order to maintain the order and benefits of online group communication. Specifically, this paper focuses on the online group, iMacChat. Specifically, this paper focuses on the online group, iMacChat. After a discussion of the group itself, some theoretical concepts relating to small group interaction and the online environment will be defined and applied.iMacChat is an online discussion group that focuses on issues surrounding the use and ownership of iMac computers and associated systems. The group is quite large, consisting of 1763 persons at the time of writing. On the day when I joined, the report stated that 10 new members have joined over the last 7 days. The group is therefore quite popular and appears to draw new sign-ups on a continual basis. In the meantime, many new members may, therefore, have signed up, and the group may be substantially larger than at the time of this writing.Applying for group membership was quite an interesting exercise. The first step was to provide information relating to why I wanted to join the group. This message is then approved by a moderator, who later sends a welcome message to the effect that membership has been approved. In order to preserve security and ensure the authenticity of the membership application, another box requests the duplication of a random code. This is a standard procedure for most online groups, and all Yahoo chat groups include these. It wasn’t significantly difficult to apply for membership, nor did it take very long to be approved. I was approved within 12 hours after applying for membership.Immediately after applying for membership, I received two messages from the group moderator. The first (included in the appendix) was a message thanking me for applying, and that the moderators would approve membership as soon as possible. This message also stated that Internet delays are possible as a result of site maintenance or weekend hours.

Educational Merits of out of School Learning for Teenagers With Learning Difficulties

This project was aimed to give grant support to improve the quality and quantity of extracurricular activities available for children and teenagers outside school hours and during school holidays and was soon followed with other voluntary initiatives (Andrews, 2001, p.15-16).Out of school education programs have several social, emotional and academic benefits for teenagers with learning difficulties as they provide young people with the individualized attention they might lack during the school day (Afterschool Alliance, 2001, p.1). Creative activities and participation in sports clubs enable students with learning difficulties to increase their self-esteem, improve academic performance and adopt more positive attitudes about school. It also enables young people to interact with other teens who do not have disabilities. Furthermore, there are transition programs aimed to teach teenagers with learning difficulties basic life skills and prepare them for independent living (Ofsted, 2009, pp.12-13). Finally, young people with learning difficulties can gain work experience in various employment programs.In the UK, fifteen percent of young people eligible from 15 to 18 years old are reported to have special needs (Perren and Middleton, 2005, p. 64). The majority of them (71 percent) have learning difficulties in such areas as reading, writing, spelling or mathematics, 21 percent have sight, speech, or hearing disabilities, and 16 percent have emotional or behavioral problems. While nearly 79 percent of the group has only one type of these problems, there are also teenagers who suffer from two or more disabilities. The majority of young people with learning difficulties come from low-income backgrounds.According to the report published by the National Transition Support Team (2009, pp.2-3), due to such factors as exposure to poverty andsocial exclusion teenagers with learning difficulties are particularly vulnerable to develop mental health issues and secondary health problems.

Causes of Financial Crises

In the case of Argentina’s financial crisis of 2001, the blame for the country’s fourth crisis in two decades was heaped on the Government, for creating an unsustainable budget deficit. But as Hausmann and Velasco (2004) have pointed out, the lack of a sophisticated financial system in Argentina due to its being an emerging economy may not be the real issue at all. because just a few years earlier, its fiscal policies were being praised on Wall Street, for successfully privatizing, deregulating, linking its currency to the dollar and reducing inflation.Argentina’s crisis was precipitated by several events, including the crises in Brazil and Russia, which caused the economy to decline but with the large extent of the debt, the fiscal stimulation that could be undertaken by the Government was limited. (Allen and Gale, 2007). The root cause of the financial crises in Argentina may have been both (a) debt intolerance and (b) faulty institutions (Hausmann and Velasco, 2004). These authors point out that foreign borrowing is essential for emerging economies to invest in infrastructure and development that would take them years to achieve otherwise and debt intolerance cannot be faulted for financial crises. Improving institutions can also go only so far because even the best institutions will tumble if necessary pressure is applied.For instance, Hausmann and Velasco (2004) have cited the example of countries like France and Germany who violate the fiscal rules of the Maastricht Treaty, which they were responsible for writing because those rules were potentially costly to follow. In a similar way, Argentina’s institutions also collapsed when sufficient pressure was applied. These authors have argued that building better institutions in any emerging country if it must bear fruit, should be complemented with better development of international markets in emerging market currencies.

The Persistence of Racism and Unconscious Bias in Brent Staples’ Just Walk on By Black Men and Public Space

Staples uses his literal skills to tell us the stereotypes, censures, and biases he experiences by being black. Staples sets off by making us believe that he is an offender.He explains how he is always stereotyped as a mugger, gangster, and rapist, regardless of what he has done. The Staples story picks up from the early age of 20 and explores how he strives to be better than other blacks who have equal access to education. Despite his efforts, Staples realizes that he still suffers the same problems they suffer, despite his enlightened approach to life. Therefore, he concludes that the black man faces subconscious bias where people already have a conscious view of the person long before they get to know them better.AnalysisThe main thing that drives Staples into writing this text is his desire to demonstrate how unconscious bias propagates racism. In his quest, Staples uses a vast number of rhetorical statements that prompt the reader to see his perception actively. His writing format does not tell you what he thinks. It moves you to reason and ultimately ends up with a similar conclusion. His diction, in numerous instances, subconsciously hints on how blacks are thought of as violent and brutal by the public. For example, the author has lines like ‘Both hands shoved into his bulky’. In this case, the words shoved and bulky create aggressive imagery to the reader. His choice of words helps him push home the idea that we can stereotype people without actually saying what we think of them. Staples’ pathos is aimed at bringing out the emotions of his reader. It makes his text more interesting to read and makes us feel what a general audience would have thought about the black man or the white lady he describes when writing.Apart from using imagery, the author also taps into mockery and humor to draw in his readers. A good example is when he refers to his insomnia as pestering sleep. While this in itself is a simple case of mockery, it is punchier because it comes after a serious paragraph. The humor makes it easier to read his text that otherwise addresses important discrimination issues that black men and other minorities face in their daily life. Staples is always making essential observations about unfairness regardless of whether Staples actively airs them in the essay or not.Even though he is abhorrent of how black men suffer under deep-rooted bias, he takes a different approach when handling the topic in his essay. Instead of being confrontational like numerous essays about the issue, Staples decides to look at the issue from a white American’s point of view when writing. The author chooses to reason differently and aspires to understand why unconscious bias exists from people who have it. This is an unusual move in the topic as most public papers on the topic take a confrontational approach that occasionally makes affected parties defensive. To some extent, the authoring process might be deemed weak and submissive. However, it is clear to see that Staples is paying homage to the fact that the bias Staples is talking about is unconscious by using diction, humor, and imagery to convey his message subconsciously. While numerous black rights activists did not fancy this route, Staples is not alone in using this reconciliatory or pacifist approach. To some extent, we can say he channels antiwar activists like Martin Luther instead of his confrontational opposite, Malcolm X. Staples seeks to show that even though both stands have their own advantages and disadvantages, long-lasting victory and piece lies in a calm minded evaluation of facts and peaceful conclusions (Staples 266). The author takes time to acknowledge the black man’s belligerence when fighting racism but also highlights its flaws before explaining why he believes a pacifist approach would be more productive.Even though most of the points come from Staples’s public interactions and personal experiences, the essay still deliberates on external issues important to the topic. For instance, he talks about ‘My Negro Problem and Ours,’ a contentious text by Norman Podhoretz to look into the numerous problems the black men faced in their history as a people. Staples takes this opportunity to accept some of the negative traits blacks have and how they have played a role in fashioning the stereotype he is trying to fight in his text.While quoting Podhoretz somehow makes him deviate from his initial approach, we cannot ignore the fact that Staples has a lot of truths backing up his assertions on black men stereotyping. In the end, this makes the character aspire to change his public and confidential behavior. It even has an impact on his thoughts about people or himself. The author even portrays his lessons in the example he gives on how he changes any tense situations in more friendly occurrences (Staples 268). He shows us how his considerate stand always leads to better results and gets him out of public trouble on numerous occasions. In his classic style, he still refuses to instruct us to follow his model. Staples, in his writing, hopes that we would see it makes sense and adopt it on our own.Another notable thing the author does in the text is how he lets us know he studied at the University of Chicago. This subtle information is an excellent way to make the reader have confidence in his writing since he is learned. He further reveals that he was a Chicago journalist, a position that further cements his public authority and capacity to address the topic in his black oppression essay. To bolster his essay, he still quotes and refers to a well-known essay. For instance, the author references heavily in his text. The way he describes how a white female reacted to him also helps make the text more trusting. He focuses on making us understand her fear by just explaining how he walked and how she answered.He skillfully paints the picture that most white females or people feel frightened whenever they see a black man in an isolated place because they are robotically compelled to think of them as murderers, muggers, and rapists. By doing this, he highlights the fear most people have when around blacks. This brings us to the core message in the essay. Black men in public are often mistaken and misjudged because of reigning racial bias.It does not matter if the perpetrator of the discrimination knows what they are doing on not – the point is it affects the target. Staples also introduces the idea that blacks should try to make themselves agreeable instead of using the confrontational approach of daring the oppressor to stop profiling. This is reminiscent of the fact that he tried different approaches to diffuse tense situations by looking less threatening than other black men – all of which worked in his favor.ConclusionThis essay analyzes the conflict brought about by the bias levels against blacks. Brent acknowledges the fact that, in some instances, white people ensure the minority go through a lot of trouble by judging black men based on preexisting misconceptions. Other than just accepting the racism issue, he also brings out the fact that some of these stereotypes were formed and are still strengthened by how some minority members behave. His unpopular view is brought forth by how he feels, presenting himself as a less dangerous individual makes him more agreeable.Staples says that the few who still conform to the stereotypes cement the stand and make it harder to fight this form of unconscious bias directed towards black men. The essay is full of ethos and addresses a reigning problem from a different point of view. It would be more agreeable and easy to understand by more people who easily goes on the defensive as it is not outwardly confrontational.

Recycling and Its Importance

In today’s glance, we will get acquainted with different types of disposal. Earlier, it was about changing the consumption model as one of the ways to save the environment. According to some experts, one of the mechanisms of environmental protection is recycling.Presently, one of the key san methods of environmental management is attention to the process of recycling. Recycling – the activity associated with the use of waste at the stages of their technological cycle or ensuring the reuse (recycling) of the used or recycled products. Recycling should be distinguished from the other methods of treatment of the resource materials. Recycling may or may not include its treatment – san activities aimed at changing the physical, chemical, or biological state of the waste to ensure subsequent recycling.A lot of recycled resources, raw materials, and energy extracted from waste are processed, as well as a reduction in the degree of air pollution from the combustion of substances and water pollution from landfills. They began to consider recycling as one of the means of combating the expenditure of materials and national resources, reducing the consumption of raw resources and energy. as a result, the emission of greenhouse recycle gases is also reduced to save the planet. So, recycling is the most important concept and san recycling. Although all substances discharged as garbage must be treated, not all waste is economical, and therefore only part of it is recycled. One of the main recoverable recycled resources from waste is paper. As you know, the raw materials for making paper are provided from rare trees. For the production of each ton of paper, 2 tons of wood is required, and for the production of each ton of white paper dough from wood, 6 cubic meters of wood is needed. So, one of the ways to prevent the destruction of forests is the secondary use and disposal of substances, the raw resources for the production of which are provided from the forest, which is beneficial both environmentally and economically.When writing an essay on recycling and its importance, it should be mentioned that paper is the fifth-largest energy-consuming industry in the world. The paper recycle industry consumes huge volumes of water, for example, for the production of each ton of paper from wood, 440 thousand liters of liquid is consumed, while 1800 liters of liquid is enough to produce it from waste recycled paper. The production of paper from waste paper leads to a significant reduction in water and air pollution because 15-17 thick trees will have to be cut down for the production of each ton of paper. As a rule, each tree can annually convert into oxygen an average of 6 kilograms of carbon dioxide. To produce one ton of paper, 4 thousand kilowatts of electricity is consumed. Scientists have learned that recycling paper can save 50% in water consumption, 64% energy, and contribute to air pollution by 74%. If we calculate the paper consumed in one year, this consumption is equivalent to 5.1 trees per person, and their volume in the whole world amounts to billions of trees per year.Another material the processing of which helps protect the environment is plastic that we also need to recycle. Today, the growing demand for plastic as a large group of polymer substances in all domestic and industrial fields has led to the rapid growth and depletion of these petrochemical products in the world. Today, almost half of the world’s petrochemical products go to the production of plastics. The exorbitant amount of plastic cans in municipal waste, their high durability in the environment, and the indecomposability in nature and the possible spread of pollutants to the environment contribute to the fact that from an environmental point of view recycling of this type of product is given greater san importance. Recycling is carried out by reuse of the material for the same purpose. Along with this, efforts were launched to produce biodegradable biological plastics. These plastics have the ability to return to technogenesis processes within an acceptable time frame. Plastics contain a degradable substance such as starch, which increases the rate of decomposition by bacteria, water, or an enzyme in nature.According to san recycle experts, annually 100 million tons of plastic are produced on the planet, 42% of which is used in the packaging industry. The results of the recycle studies show that the disposal of plastic products reduces the level of energy costs and consumed natural resources, such as water, oil, and natural resources needed. According to the Society of the Plastics Industry, plastic production takes about 4% of the energy industry, and as a rule, recycling saves energy. In view of the foregoing, it becomes clear that recycling is, in fact, the restoration of these natural resources, which not only contributes to environmental protection but can also play an effective role in the economies and self-sufficiency of countries. This is why many scientists call recycled garbage the "dirty gold" that should be subjected to recycling.

Discussion Thread For Three Poems by Sylvia Plath Emily Dickinson and Robert Burns

D. Snodgrass, as well as her contemporary Anne Sexton, who, in an unusual coincidence, was also a case of Bipolar Disorder. On that hypothesis, I perceive a sense of depression in her works, which she then disguises by swinging to the positive, a finite bipolar trend (Bidart, lt.http://www. wikipedia.en.orggt.).She wrote Metaphors in 1959, three years after her marriage in 1956. Whittington-Egan is emphatic when he says that wedlock was not a happy experience for her, exacerbated by her husband’s extramarital affair (Feb.2005). At the time of writing this poem, she was pregnant with her first child, a girl, and would have gone through the numerous physical and mental rigors mothers-to-be have to unfortunately undergo. I believe her sense of desertion comes across stronger than her joy of motherhood, expressed in this poem as ‘Im a means, a stage’, the resignation quite clear.What is fascinating about this poem is that it is one extended metaphor. It relates in its totality to her pregnancy and the period that gestation takes. There are many unusual aspects of the poem. It starts with the title, a nine-letter word. In my opinion, the first line, ‘I’m a riddle in nine syllables’, sets the context of the poem, the keyword being ‘riddle’, with its connotation of the co-existence of the ambiguous within one ambit, as also the antithetic or the ambivalent. Every individual who has reviewed the poem states that it is an obvious reference to her difficult nine months of child carrying, setting the scene for a conundrum of sorts. Apart from its proclivity to the allegory, it is nine sentences long and every single sentence has nine syllables. As Steinberg says in his recent book on her, ” Each sentence has its own metaphor(s), some simple like ‘a cow in calf,’ some mixed like ‘O red fruit, ivory, fine timbers!” (Jan.2008). Moreover, the confessional trend is also clearly evident.

Why School Is Important

It imparts knowledge, creating friendships and intelligence. The everyday skills we use in life is through a good educational system. There are some parts of the world where kids are unable to attend school. Therefore, we should use education as a means to write, communicate, and learn reading. In case you have the opportunity to go to school, you should utilize it to make your life good. It would be best if you made it your priority to attend high schools, colleges, and universities.Schooling provides essential knowledge and skills which are needed by most jobs. Job seeking for learners is becoming harder, especially with the competition in society. Top-level jobs in society call for possession of a high level of knowledge and skills. Attending your classes could be the needed ingredient to land your dream job. School plays an important role in the life of a person.Education also plays an important role that provides chances for students in the real world. Subjects like mathematics are essential since it gives us ways of solving problems.The process of learning makes the students master the knowledge of writing, writing, reading, and listening. When you attend school, you open your mind and level of understanding by learning new things. A way you can work to learn a new level of knowledge by paying attention in class. There is a sense of satisfaction from the teacher when a student pays attention. It is a sense of accomplishment when a teacher views their students as valuable. The trust and respect of teachers become thin when a student misbehaves with their work. Performing your work earns you good grades. The why school is important essay shows that good behavior improves your performance in class.

Computer Assisted Language Learning For Kuwaiti Pupils

The level of popularity of computer-based instruction in reading may vary, but few will dispute the fact that computers have won a permanent place in most classrooms. The most common concerns of educators now have to do with the effectiveness of computer-based education, and with the appropriateness of the many possible roles computers can play in language arts instruction. The emphasis should not be on using computers to increase reading and writing achievement, but rather on whether teachers use computers for meaningful reading and writing instruction, or are locked into computer-based drill and practice software.For example, Oxford (1993) presents desiderata for Intelligent CALL by formulating nine key elements that are essential, if current thinking on language teaching and learning is to be heeded. Communicative competence must be the cornerstone of ICALL. ALL must provide appropriate language assistance tailored to meet student needs. The ICALL must provide rich language input. The ICALL student model must be based in part on a variety of learning styles. ALL material is most easily learned through associations, which are facilitated by interesting and relevant themes and meaningful language tasks. ALL must involve interactions of many kinds, and these interactions need not be just student-tutor interactions u ICALL must provide useful, appropriate error correction suited to the students changing needs ICALL must involve all relevant language skills and must use each skill to support all other skills. ALL must teach students to become increasingly self-directedThe tutor-tool framework is offered here as a mechanism for addressing a number of concerns in CALL, the most far-reaching being the belief that all CALL is of the tutorial type, characterized by one-to-one interactions where the computer evaluates the student input and then presents the new material accordingly.

Breaking Social Norms

Such society guidelines dictate how individuals ought to behave, telling them what is acceptable and what is not. In my breaking social norms essay, I have decided to violate the folkway social norm. What does folkway mean? What rules apply in your situation?Of course, you live with a family, which can be small or extended. And in your small group, there are transparent rules that you have learned to abide by overtime. They are not written anywhere, but everyone knows what to do and what not to do. Folkway follows the same concept. These are informal rules that are utilized to govern a society.They are different from formal written rules, which are quite common in the modern community. Even though folkways are not considered as important as written rules, they are essential in making life possible. They apply in everyday life.Choosing the Best Location for Displaying Social NormsIt is common decency for people to shake hands when they meet. Other cultures might have their way of greeting one another like bowing or kissing – it all depends on what individuals are used to in the area. In my assignment, I chose to shake people’s hands at the mall where there is massive traffic. I shook people’s hands randomly as they walked in and out of the mall.What happened was an expression of how societal standards are deeply enshrined in our culture. First, you have to be aware that community norms are preferences and do not demand to result in sanctions. So, regardless of informal positive or informal negative, the sanctions might be an affirmative gesture of brushing off the look.In this writing, we will analyze people’s reactions when a stranger greets them. Additionally, we will check out the response of such interaction. Is it positive or negative? I preferred South Coast Plaza Mall in Costa Mesa as the ideal experimentation spot considering the mall’s unique attribute.Here, there is a concierge that will inspect your bags when you are exhaustedEven better, the mall has personal shoppers ready to assist every client access the services they requireIf you have a sophisticated automobile, you can get it serviced while enjoying your shopping or mall explorationThe mall has all the biggest brands in America under one roof, which means the cultural diversity is impressive.Considering all the above factors, I found South Coast Plaza Mall in Costa Mesa, the perfect testing point for social norms.Prepping the Location for Testing Social NormsI had to arrive at the location on time (10:00 am) to make the best of the available time. It was on September 30th. I noticed that most of the mall’s population were women in their early twenties and those in their sixties. As I stood, individuals walking in and out of the mall were noticing my presence and feeling a bit strange.However, considering I am a lady, I reasoned that they would not feel harassed by my random hand gesture. I decided to make my first interaction and offer my hand to a Persian woman that had pulled out of a white escalade. I did not know whether I would receive a positive or negative reaction from extending my hand.The woman inquired if I was part of the mall’s staff and whether I would show her to the concierge desk. Unfortunately, I received a negative reaction from my hand gesture – she did not welcome it. Of course, I did not insist and immediately removed my arm and showed her to the concierge desk.Out of the first interaction trying to break this societal norm, there was an adverse informal sanction whereby the lady ignored my hand gesture. I tried a second time with a Hispanic woman with a 5-year-old son. The reaction was the same as she pretended to have all her hands tied up and even prevented her jovial son from greeting me. That was an adverse informal sanction.The ignorance I received from the first two individuals that I approached made me feel ridiculed and rejected. This was a perfect depiction of a negative, informal sanction. Luckily, I was later greeted by an elderly Caucasian woman that accepted my hand gesture. She even scolded her granddaughter for not taking my greeting. We then talked about traditions and how society has massively changed to individuals being less polite. She stated that individuals today are carried away by numerous activities and forget about being polite.What I Learned from My ExperiencesApart from the first negative interactions, breaking societal norms ended in positive formal sanctions. The lady who I successfully interacted with gave me a slight smile and commended my actions. As I continued with my experiment, I met numerous people. some shook my hand while others pretended not to see my hand gesture and looked the other way. So, what guides these individuals to shun my random greetings?Everything individuals do in life is informed by certain rules, which we learn as we grow. And the most basic starting point of learning these rules is from our households. Remember that every family abides by certain rules that can be influenced by religion or even the environment. Regardless of how different homes run, one of the most consistent things is norms. These are behavioral patterns established by a community, and they are vital because they maintain community order. In every society, even though there is the ceremonial law, they are not sufficient in maintaining a proper order.Types of Society Norms and SanctionsThere are two types of societal standards, and they are normal formal and informal. Laws that govern a society, and many other written rules are conventional standards. However, informal norms are not written down rules, but what has a mutual agreement among every person in society.Norms, although mostly informal, can be very crucial than the laws that govern a society. For instance, what elements do you utilize to distinguish a person’s looks? Is it not the color of their skin or the clothes they are wearing? Whatever perceptions you create from outwards appearance is going to determine the approach you have towards the person.On the other hand, societal control is a way for society to control positive or adverse sanctions. Whatever affirmative reaction you get when you abide by standards is an affirmative sanction. The vice versa is also true. A positive sanction can arise from someone attempting to break norms in the community for the greater good. The adverse aspect is a complete opposite of what an affirmative sanction represents.You will notice that in the society created by Vonnegut in “Play Piano?” there are numerous examples of adverse and positive sanctions. The aptitude test perfectly depicts this that the entire society takes. If you fail the aptitude test, you will have to live your whole life in the Army or the Reeks and Wrecks.